Dental health of 6-year-old children in Alpes Maritimes, France
- 62 Downloads
AIM: To describe the dental health status of 6-year-old children using the ICDAS-II advanced method and to evaluate the association between the known caries risk factors with the cavitated caries lesion (WHO basic method) or with both non-cavitated and cavitated caries lesion caries (ICDAS II). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was used to evaluate oral health and dietary habits of children. A clinical examination and a Cario analysis test (Pierre Fabre Oral care) were performed. STATISTICS: Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between caries and daily tooth-brushing, dietary habits, visible plaque and salivary factors. RESULTS: There were 341 children (52% female and 6.25±0.46 years of age) in this study. Using the ICDAS-II advanced method, 39% of the children were caries-free. This proportion was larger (67.2%) using the WHO method. In multivariate models, visible dental plaque and Streptococcus mutans count were associated with caries experience registered as ICDAS-II codes 1–6 or codes 3–6. The absence of daily tooth-brushing with fluoridated toothpaste was associated only with caries experience ICDAS-II codes 3–6. CONCLUSION: The use of WHO or ICDAS-II method changed the proportion of caries-free children but not the clinical caries risk factors associated with caries experience
Key wordsChildren bddental health caries risk factors ICDAS-II
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bader JD, Shugars DA, Rozier G et al. Diagnosis and management of dental caries. Evid Rep Technol Assess 2001; 36:1–4.Google Scholar
- Bourgeois D, Llodra JC, Norblad A, Pitts NB. European Commission Health and Consumer Protection Directorate-General. Health surveillance in Europe. A selection of essential oral health indicators. [Internet]. 2005 Available from: http://www.egohid.eu/Documents/CATALOGUE%202005.pdf
- HAS. Haute Autorité de Santé. (Assessment of caries risk and indications for pit and fissure sealants in children and in adolescents under 18). [Internet]. 2005. Available from: http://www.has-sante.fr
- Hescot P, Roland E, Guegen R. La santé dentaire en France-2006. Le CAO des enfants de 6 ans et 12 ans. Monographie S.N.P.M.D. Paris: Post pressed; 2007.Google Scholar
- INSEE. National Institute and Economic Studies. [Internet] 2009. Available from: http://insee.fr/fr/regions/provence
- International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) Coordinating Committee Criteria Manual—International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II). Published 2005. Available online: http://www.icdas.org (assessed 10 August 2009).
- International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) Coordinating Committee Rationale and Evidence for the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II). Published 2005. Available online: http://www.icdas.org (assessed 10 August 2009).
- Pitts NB: Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries. Basel: Karger. 2009.Google Scholar
- Walsh T, Worthington HV, Glenny AM et al. Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews [Internet] 2010. Available from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD007868/frame.html World Health Organization. Oral Health Survey. Basic Methods, 4th edn. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. 1997.Google Scholar
- Zakarian B, Rossi C, Lupi-Pegurier L, Borg-Real C, Muller-Bolla M. Evaluation of individual caries risk of 6 year-old-children Epidemiological survey in Nice. Rev Francoph Odontol Pédiatr 2009; 4:138–143.Google Scholar