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European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 176–178 | Cite as

dmfs and BMI in pre-school Greek children. An epidemiological study

  • A. TrikaliotisEmail author
  • V. Boka
  • N. Kotsanos
  • V. Karagiannis
  • M. Hassapidou
Article

Abstract

AIM: This was to investigate the relationship between dental caries (dmfs) and body mass index (BMI) categories in 3–5.5 year old children in Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: The study was conducted in 18 municipal day care centres and involved 361 children. The dmfs was determined on site by one calibrated examiner using disposable dental mirrors and a penlight. The height and weight of the children were measured on site by a nutritionist, who grouped them into four BMI categories. STATISTICS: The estimation of the relationship between the BMI and dmfs values was based on a generalised linear model (Poisson log-linear regression) while the sequential Bonferroni method was used for pair-wise comparisons between BMI categories. RESULTS: Mean dmfs values for each BMI category were: 1.02 (SD±2.41 ) for the underweight (n=44), 0.74 (SD±2.24) for the normal weight (n=281), 1.88 (SD±4.28) for the overweight (n=26) and 0.80 (SD±2.53) for the obese (n=10). Overweight children were found to show statistically significant differences in dmfs values compared with both children of normal weight (p<0.001) and those underweight (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: Overweight Greek pre-school children are at higher risk of dental caries.

Key Words

Body mass index dental caries preschool children 

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Copyright information

© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Trikaliotis
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Boka
    • 1
  • N. Kotsanos
    • 1
  • V. Karagiannis
    • 2
  • M. Hassapidou
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Paediatric Dentistry andAristotle University of Thessaloniki, TEI ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Dept. of Basic Dental SciencesAristotle University of Thessaloniki, TEI ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, TEI ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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