European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 61–67 | Cite as

Laser physics and a review of laser applications in dentistry for children

  • L. C. MartensEmail author


AIM: The aim of this introduction to this special laser issue is to describe some basic laser physics and to delineate the potential of laser-assisted dentistry in children. REVIEW: A brief review of the available laser literature was performed within the scope of paediatric dentistry. Attention was paid to soft tissue surgery, caries prevention and diagnosis, cavity preparation, comfort of the patient, effect on bacteria, long term pulpal vitality, endodontics in primary teeth, dental traumatology and low level laser therapy. Although there is a lack of sufficient evidence taking into account the highest standards for evidence-based dentistry, it is clear that laser application in a number of different aetiologies for soft tissue surgery in children has proven to be successful. Lasers provide a refined diagnosis of caries combined with the appropriate preventive adhesive dentistry after cavity preparation. This will further lead to a new wave of micro-dentistry based on ‘filling without drilling’. CONCLUSION: It has become clear from a review of the literature that specific laser applications in paediatric dentistry have gained increasing importance. It can be concluded that children should be considered as amongst the first patients for receiving laser-assisted dentistry.

Key words

Paediatric dentistry laser applications children 


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© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. Paediatric Dentistry, PaeCaMeD research group, Dental SchoolGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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