European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 279–282 | Cite as

Breastfeeding, timing and number of erupted teeth in first twelve months of life in Nigerian children

  • M. O. FolayanEmail author
  • E. O. Oziegbe
  • A. O. Esan


AIM: This was to assess the possible impact of breastfeeding on the timing of eruption of the primary central incisors and the number of teeth erupted within the first 12 months of life. METHODS: 1,016 children aged 3 to 12 months were recruited from the immunisation and out patients clinics, Ile-Ife, Southwest Nigeria. Mothers of the children were asked about the form of breastfeeding they had practised for their child. An intra-oral examination on each child was conducted to assess number of erupted teeth. The impact of the form of breastfeeding (exclusive or non exclusive) on the timing of eruption of the primary central incisors and the number of teeth that had erupted within the first 12 months was assessed. RESULT: There was no significant difference in the eruption timing of the primary central incisors in children who were exclusively breastfed when compared with children who were not exclusively breastfed, neither did the form of breastfeeding impact on the number of teeth erupted at 12 months. CONCLUSION: The form of breast-feeding had no impact on the timing of eruption of the primary central incisors and the number of teeth erupted within the first 12 months of life in this Nigerian child population.

Key words

breastfeeding tooth eruption Nigeria 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abiona TC. Growth patterns of exclusively breastfed infants in Ife Central Local Government Area, Osun State: implications for timing of complimentary feeding. Dissertation submitted to the National Postgraduate Medical College, Nigeria. May 2001Google Scholar
  2. Ahn CH, Maclean WC. Growth of the exclusively breastfed infant. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980;133:183Google Scholar
  3. Chua S, Arulkumaran S, Lim I, Selamat N, Ratnam SS. Influence of breastfeeding and nipple stimulation on postpartum uterine activity. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1994; 101:804–805PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cumming RG, Klineberg RJ. Breastfeeding and other reproductive factors and the risk of hip fractures in elderly women. Int J Epidemiol 1992; 22:684–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dewey KG, Heinig MJ, Nommen LA. Maternal weight-loss patterns during prolonged lactation. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993; 58:162–166PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Enwonwu CO. Influence of socio-economic conditions on dental development in Nigerian children. Archs Oral Biol. 1973; 18:95–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Folayan M, Owotade F, Adejuyigbe E, et al. The timing of eruption of deciduous teeth in Nigerian children. Am J Phy Anthrol. 2007;134:443–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gray RH, Campbell OM, Apelo R et al. Risk of ovulation during lactation. Lancet 1990; 335:25–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haddad AE, Correa MS. The relationship between the number of erupted primary teeth and the child’s height and weight: a cross-sectional study. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2005; 29:357–362.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hayes RL. Mantel N. Procedures for computing the mean age of eruption of human teeth. J Dent Res 1958; 38:938–947Google Scholar
  11. Holman DJ, Yamaguchi K. Longitudinal analysis of deciduous tooth emergence: IV. Covariate effects in Japanese Children. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2005; 126:352–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Infante PF, Owen GM. Relation of chronology of deciduous tooth emergence to height, weight and head circumference in children. Archs Oral Biol. 1973: 18:1411–1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kennedy KI, Visness CM. Contraceptive efficacy of lactational amenorrhoea. Lancet 1992;339:227–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Martín Moreno V, Molina Cabrerizo MR, Gómez Gómez C. Relationship among the eruption of the first temporal teeth, the breast feeding duration and the anthropometric development in the first two years of life. Nutr Hosp. 2006; 21:362–368.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Melton LJ, Bryant SC, Wahner HW et al. Influence of breastfeeding and other reproductive factors on bone mass later in life. Osteoporos 1993; 3:76–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Morrow-Tlucak M, Haude RH, Ernhart CB. Breastfeeding and cognitive development in the first 2 years of life. Soc Sci Med 1998; 26:635–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Newcomb PA, Storer BE, Longnecker MP et al. Lactation and reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer. N Engl J Med 1994; 330:81–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. National Population Council, Nigeria, Page 118, November 2009.Google Scholar
  19. Olusanya O. An original system of social classification for use in Nigeria and other developing countries. Paper presented at the 25th annual conference of the West African College of Surgeons, Freetown, Sierra Leone. 1984Google Scholar
  20. Oziegbe EO, Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Esan TA, Owotade FJ. Eruption chronology of primary teeth in Nigerian children. J Clin Paediatr Dent 2008; 32:341–345Google Scholar
  21. Oziegbe EO, Adekoya-Sofowora C, Folayan MO, Esan TA, Owotade FJ. Relationship between socio-demographic and anthropometric variables and number of erupted primary teeth in suburban Nigerian children. Matern Child Nutr. 2009;5:86–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pickering LK, Kohl S. Human milk humoral immunity and infant defence mechanisms. In: Howell RR, Moriss RH Jr, Pickering LK (eds). Human milk in infant nutrition and health. Springfield, Illinois, Thomas 1986.Google Scholar
  23. Robinow M, Richards TW, Andersen M. The eruption of deciduous teeth. Growth. 1942; 6:127–133Google Scholar
  24. Rosenblatt KA, Thomas DB. WHO collaborative study on neoplasia and steroid contraceptives. Int J Epidemiol 1993; 22:192–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sahin F, Camurdan AD, Camurdan MO, et al. Factors affecting the timing of teething in healthy Turkish infants: a prospective cohort study. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008; 18:262–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sajjadian N, Shajari H, Jahadi R, Barakat MG, Sajjadian A. Relationship between birth weight and time of first deciduous tooth eruption in 143 consecutively born infants. Pediatr Neonatol. 2010; 5:235–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Saleemi MA, Hagg U, Jalil F, Zaman S. Timing of emergence of individual primary teeth. A prospective longitudinal study of Pakistan children. Swed. Dent. J. 1994; 18:107–112Google Scholar
  28. Takala AK, Kola J, Palmgren J et al. Risk factors of invasive Haemophilus influenza type b disease among children in Finland. J Paediatr. 1989; 115:694–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Voors AW. The use of dental age in studies of nutrition in children. Doc Med. Geogr. Trop. 1957; 9:137–148.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Westover KM, DiLoreto MK, Shearer TR. The relationship of breastfeeding to oral development and dental concerns. ASDC J Dent Child. 1989; 56:140–143PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Child Dental HealthObafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals ComplexIle-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Dept of Preventive DentistryObafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals ComplexIle-IfeNigeria

Personalised recommendations