Advertisement

The social impact of children’s dentofacial appearance

  • P. P. Fonte
  • V. ColaresEmail author
  • F. Santos
  • G. Caraciolo
Article

Abstract

Aim: To assess the influence of dentofacial appearance of 10-year-old children on interpersonal attractiveness. study design: Survey. methods: Four sets of photographs were prepared, having as their initial models facial portraits of four boys and four girls. In each set facial portraits were presented in four situations: the original, harmonic face and three versions produced by a graphic computing program, classified as the class II, class III and long face syndromes. These photographs were shown to 802 schoolchildren so that they could choose which one they would most and which one they would least, want to have as a friend. Also they were asked which one they considered the most and the least aggressive, the most and least intelligent and the most and the least good-looking. Results: The harmonic face was the predominant choice in the friendship dimension (68.9%), as for intelligence (46.8%), and regarding attractiveness for males (55.4%) and females (61.7%); as regards aggressiveness, class III was the predominant choice (57.9%). Conclusions: There is an association between harmonic and unharmonic facial appearances and interpersonal attractiveness in 10-year-old Brazilian children.

Key words

interpersonal attractiveness malocclusion perception stigma 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cunningham SJ The psychology of facial appearance. Dental Update 1999;26(10): 438–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Dibiase AT, Sandler PJ. Malocclusion, orthodontics and bullying. Dental Update 2001;28(9): 464–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Dion K. Young children’s stereotyping of facial attractiveness. Develop Psycho 1973; 9(2): 183–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dong JK, Jin TH, Cho HW, Oh SC. The esthetics of the smile: a review of recent studies. Int J Prosthodont 1999; 12(1): 9–19.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dumas JE, Nilsen W, Lynch AM. How much does physical appearance say about the psychological adjusment of competent and dysfunctional children? J Clinic Child Psychol 2001; 30(3): 385–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eli I, Bar-Tal Y, Kostovetzki I. At first glance: social meanings of dental appearance. J Pub Health Denti 2001; 61(3): 150–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferreira FV, Monteiro EB. Psychological aspects of orthodontic treatment (Portugese). Revista da Faculdade de Odontologia da FZL. 1989; 1(1): 21–8.Google Scholar
  8. IBGE-Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Estatística/População/ Censo Demogrâfico 2000. [cited 2005 Sept 30].URL: http://www.ibge.gov.br/temas.php?nomeum=codmun=261160&tema=univers&desc=Res ultados%20do
  9. Ramsey JL, Langlois JH. Effects of the “beauty is good” stereotype on children’s information processing. J Experiment Child Psychol 2002; 81(3): 320–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Richman L, Eliason M. Psychological characteristics associated with cleft palate. Cleft Palate J 1986; 19: 249–258.Google Scholar
  11. Rubenstein AJ, Kalakanis L, Langlois JH. Infant preferences for attractive faces: a cognitive explanation. Development Psychol 1999; 35(3): 848–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shaw WC. The influence of children’s dentofacial appearance on their social attractiveness as judged by peers and lay adults. Americ J Orthodont Dentofacial Orthopedics 1981; 96: 399–415.Google Scholar
  13. Shaw WC, Meek SC, Jones DS. Nicknames, Teasing, Hasassment and the salience of Dental Features Among School Children. Brit J Orthodont 1980; 7: 75–80.Google Scholar
  14. Tollendal ME. Issue objectives. In:Tollendal ME. Psycholoical Aspects in Paediatric dentistry (Portugese). Artes Médicas, Sao Paulo, 1985; pp.121–131.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. P. Fonte
    • 1
  • V. Colares
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Santos
    • 1
  • G. Caraciolo
    • 1
  1. 1.Paediatric DentistryUniversity of PernambucoPernambuccoBrazil

Personalised recommendations