Influence of mothers’ oral health knowledge and attitudes on their children’s dental health
- 473 Downloads
Aim: This was to evaluate the influence of mothers’ oral healthrelated knowledge and attitudes on the tooth-brushing behaviour and dental health of their children and to compare the effect of these maternal aspects on child’s oral health. study design and methods: In 2005, an oral health study conducted among a random sample of 457 mother and child pairs in Tehran, Iran, used self-administered questionnaires to provide data on mothers’ oral health-related knowledge and attitudes and children’s tooth-brushing behaviour. Clinical data allowed assessment of dental status of the primary and permanent dentition. statistics: Chi-square test and binary logistic regression models were employed. Results: Generally, mothers had extensive knowledge of and positive attitudes towards oral health. Mothers’ higher level of oral health knowledge and better attitude scores were associated with children’s sound dentition (p<0.05), while only mothers’ better attitude was associated with children’s twice-daily tooth brushing (p=0.001). The multivariate analyses showed that children of mothers with higher attitude scores were more likely to brush their teeth twice daily (OR = 2.1; 95% CI 1.2–3.7) and have sound dentition (OR = 12.4; 95% CI 1.8–85.9). The models revealed that mother’s knowledge per se had no effect on children’s sound dental health, but showed an additive effect with mother’s attitudes. Conclusions: Because twice-daily tooth-brushing behaviour and sound dentition in 9-year-olds were associated with their mothers’ positive oral health-related attitudes, in developing oral health promotion programs for children and adolescents, the considerable potential of mothers should be a major focus of oral health professionals.
Key wordsattitude child behaviour dental health knowledge mother-child relations
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ajzen I, Fishbein M. Understanding attitudes and predicting social behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980.Google Scholar
- Green L, Kreuter M. Health Promotion Planning. 2nd edition, Mountain View: Mayfield Publishing Co.,1991.Google Scholar
- Okada M, Kawamura M, Miura K. Influence of oral health attitude of mothers on the gingival health of their school age children. J Dent Child 2001;68:379–383.Google Scholar
- Rossow I. Intrafamily influences on health behavior. A study of interdental cleaning behaviour. J Clin Periodontol 1992;19:774–778.Google Scholar
- Saied-Moallemi Z, Vehkalahti MM, Virtanen JI, Tehranchi A, Murtomaa H. Mothers as facilitators of preadolescents’ oral self-care and oral health. Oral Health Prev Dent 2008; (accepted).Google Scholar
- World Health Organization (WHO). Oral Health Surveys: Basic Methods. 4th edition, Geneva, WHO, 1997.Google Scholar