European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 136–140 | Cite as

Enamel, dentine and pulp in talon primary maxillary central incisors: A histomorphometric study

  • L. Young
  • E. MassEmail author
  • L. Beni
  • M. Weinreb
  • A. D. Vardimon


Aim: To examine whether a talon incisor has an abnormal shape due to excess of either dental hard tissues or pulp. Methods: Two bilateral primary maxillary central incisors with talon cusp and a supernumerary mesiodens were removed from a 6-year-old boy. Histologically, 7 undecalci-fied cross sections (70 µm) were harvested from each talon tooth and from two regular primary central incisors of another child. Microradiographs of the sections were prepared and examined for enamel width, dentine width, pulp tissue area, and crown size (mesio-distal, labio-palatal) using Image Analysis. Results: No association to other developmental disorders was observed. The mean width of the enamel and dentine was similar in the talon and the regular incisors (difference 7.5% and 2.4%, respectively). The pulp area was greater in the talon teeth (37.4%). The latter had an effect on the increase in the mesio-distal and labio-palatal dimensions of the talon teeth (17.6% and 23.9%, respectively). Conclusions: The fact that the talon cusp has normal enamel and dentine layers with a substantial enlarged pulp tissue suggests that talon tooth may be a developmental anomaly originating in the stage of morphodifferentiation.

Key words

talon enamel dentine pulp dens evaginatus 


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Copyright information

© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Young
    • 1
  • E. Mass
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. Beni
    • 2
  • M. Weinreb
    • 3
  • A. D. Vardimon
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. Paediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Dept. Orthodontics, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Dept. Oral Biology, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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