Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Development of Hyundai/Kia’s

LPI hybrid electric vehicles

  • 10 Accesses


The global issues of air pollution and fossil fuel shortages have created the demand for eco-friendly vehicles. The need to be socially responsible and to preserve the environment has driven Hyundai/Kia to successfully develop the first Liquefied Petroleum Injection (LPI) hybrid electric vehicle. The Hyundai/Kia hybrid will also be the first hybrid to use advanced Lithium-Ion Polymer batteries.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. [1]

    Oh, Kyoungcheol et al.: Operation Algorithm for Minimum Fuel Consumption in a Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Relatively Small Electric Motor, EVS19, 2002

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Yong-Seok Kim PhD.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kim, Y., Sim, H. & Lee, K. Development of Hyundai/Kia’s. ATZ Autotechnol 9, 18–25 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03247101

Download citation


  • Molybdenum Disulfide
  • Fuel Economy
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicle
  • Improve Fuel Economy
  • Battery Management System