xDrive is the new, intelligent four-wheel drive concept with an active vehicle dynamics control system for the BMW X3 and BMW X5 model series as of model year 2004. This not only offers the best possible traction in the event of difficult road surface conditions, but also simultaneously provides increased agility, vehicle dynamics and driving stability thanks to permanently variable torque distribution between the front and rear axle. The innovative xDrive concept thus combines the dynamic advantages familiar from BMW’s standard drive with the traction advantages of a four-wheel drive system.
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Braun, H.-S.; Lipp, C.; Müller, A.; Schopp, J.: Der Hochleistungsantrieb im X5 4,6is. In: MTZ 63 (2002) Nr.6
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Fischer, G., Pfau, W., Braun, H. et al. xDrive the new four-wheel drive concept in the BMW X3 and BMW X5. ATZ Worldw 106, 2–5 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03224644
- Planetary Gear
- Rear Axle
- Side Slip Angle
- Front Axle