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The combustion synthesis of advanced materials

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Abstract

This article discusses the versatility of utilizing exothermic combustion synthesis reactions to produce ceramic, intermetallic, and composite materials in a one-step process. The emphasis is placed on controlling the reaction parameters of these exothermic synthesis reactions as a means of controlling the microstructure and properties of the synthesized materials and composites. The application of this technology to the synthesis and control of a selection of advanced materials is demonstrated (i.e., dense composite materials, uniformly porous or “foamed” ceramics, and functionally graded materials). In addition, the control of product morphology (e.g., submicrometer particles or whiskers by gas-solid reactions that use vapor phase species deliberately generated at the reaction front) is also demonstrated, as is the effect of microgravity processing on some of these reactions.

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Moore, J.J., Readey, D.W., Feng, H.J. et al. The combustion synthesis of advanced materials. JOM 46, 72–78 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03222640

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Keywords

  • Functionally Grade Material
  • Combustion Synthesis
  • Reaction Stoichiometry
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy Photomicrograph
  • Excess Aluminum