, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 14–26 | Cite as

Computed tomography part I: Introduction and industrial applications

  • David C. Copley
  • Jeffrey W. Eberhard
  • Gregory A. Mohr
Feature Featured Overview


X-ray computed tomography (CT) provides quantitative, readily interpretable data and enables the inspection of structures that are not amenable to any other nondestructive evaluation technique. As a result, CT has become well established as an inspection, evaluation, and analysis tool in industry. Many of the applications have been in the aerospace industry, where the high cost and performance requirements of components justifies the cost of CT inspection, but use in other industries is growing as equipment becomes increasingly available.


Modulation Transfer Function Compute Tomography Slice View Angle Compute Tomography Number Compute Tomography System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S.F. Buchele and H. Ellinger, Rev. Prog. Quan. Nondestructive Evaluation, 8A (1989), p. 449.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.F. Moore, Materials Evaluation, 48 (1990), p. 630.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Radon, “Uber die Bestimmung von Funktionen durch ihre Integralwertelangsgewisser Mannigfaltigkeiten,” Berichte uber die Verhandlungen, vol. 69, Leipzig: Saechsische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1917), p. 262.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Hounsfield, Br. J. Radiol., 46 (1973), p. 1016.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.M. Cormack, J. Appl. Phys., 34 (1963), p. 2722.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Oliver et al., Rev. Prog. Quan. Nondestructive Evaluation, 5A (1986), p. 817.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. Stambler, Research & Development, 28 (1986), p. 47.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R.L. Hack, O.K. Archipley-Smith, and W.H. Pfeifer, Rev. Prog. Quan. Nondestructive Evaluation, 6A (1987), p. 401.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F.A. Iddings, Nondestructive Testing Handbook, 2nd ed., vol. 3, ed. L.E. Bryant and P. McIntire (Columbus, OH: American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 1985), p. 113.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.J. Dennis, Metals Handbook, 9th ed., vol. 17, Industrial Computed Tomography Materials Park, OH: ASM, 1989), p. 358.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.H. Bossi, K.K. Cooprider, and G.E. Georgeson, “X-Ray Computed Tomography of Composites,” Report WRDC TR90-4014 (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Wright Research and Development Center, 1990).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Munro et al., Materials Evaluation, 48 (1990), p. 568.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.P. Boyd, “Computerized Transmission Tomography of the Heart Using Scanning Electron Beams,” CT of the Heart and Great Vessels, ed. C.B. Higgins (Mt. Kisco, NY: Futura Publishing, 1983), p. 45.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Engler and W.D. Friedman, Materials Evaluation, 48 (1990), p. 623.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L.A. Feldkamp, G. Jesion, and D.J. Kubinski, Rev. Prog. Quan. Nondestructive Evaluation, 8A (1989), p. 381.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L.A. Feldkamp, L.C. Davis, and J.W. Kress, J. Opt. Soc., A1 (1984), p. 619.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ph. Rizo and P. Grangeat, “Development of a 3D Cone Beam Tomographic System for NDT of Ceramics,” Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Industrial Computerized Tomography (Columbus, OH: American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 1989).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.L. Hsiao and J.W. Eberhard, Rev. Prog. Quan. Nondestructive Evaluation, 9A (1990), p. 415.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.C. Tam, “Limited-Angle Image Reconstruction in Non-Destructive Evaluation” Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition in Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials, ed. C.H. Chen (NATO ASI Series Vol. F44, 1988).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Burstein, Materials Evaluation, 48 (1990), p. 579.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Bossi, C. Olen, and P. Mengers, Nondestructive Testing Handbook, 2nd ed., vol. 3, ed. L.E. Bryant and P. McIntire (Columbus, OH: American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 1985), p. 593.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Swindell and Harrison H. Barrett, “Computerized Tomography: Taking Sectional X-Rays,” Physics Today, 30 (1977), p. 32.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L.A. Shepp and B.F. Logan, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., NS-21 (1974), p. 228.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R.H. Huesman et al., “Users Manual: Donner Algorithms for Reconstruction Tomography,” PUB-214 (Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, October 1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • David C. Copley
    • 1
  • Jeffrey W. Eberhard
    • 2
  • Gregory A. Mohr
    • 2
  1. 1.General Electric Aircraft EnginesCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.General Electric Corporate Research & DevelopmentSchenectadyUSA

Personalised recommendations