Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Developments in physical chemistry and basic principles

  • 106 Accesses

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    H.S. Yu et al., “Production of Ultrapure Tungsten by Solvent Extraction with a D2EHPA/TOPO Mixture and Electron Beam Zone Refining,” Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 11 (1992), pp. 317–324.

  2. 2.

    T.H. Okabve et al., “Electrochemical Deoxidation of Titanium,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 449–456.

  3. 3.

    T. Yahata, T. Ikeda, and Masafumi Maeda, “Deoxidation of Molten Titanium by Electron-Beam Remelting Technique,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 599–604.

  4. 4.

    Y. Sakaguchi et al., “Production of High Purity Silicon by Carbothermic Reduction of Silica Using AC Arc Furnace with Heated Shaft,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 643–649.

  5. 5.

    T. Ikeda and M. Maeda, “Purification of Metallurgical Silicon for Solar Grade Silicon by Electron Beam Button Melting,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 635–642.

  6. 6.

    R. Nakao et al., “Evaporation of Alloying Elements and Behavior of Degassing Reactions of High Chromium Steel in Electron Beam Melting,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 685–692.

  7. 7.

    R. Nakao et al., “Removal of Inclusions in Stainless Steel by Electron Beam Melting,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 693–699.

  8. 8.

    T. Satsuta et al., “Preparation of Metal Powders Utilizing Electric Discharge in Liquid Nitrogen,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 296–300.

  9. 9.

    S. Yokoyama et al., “Evaporation Rate of Molten Al in Inert Gas Flows and Characteristics of Condensed Particles,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 54–62.

  10. 10.

    C.W. Won, B.S. Chun, and H.Y. Sohn, “Preparation of Ultrafine Tungsten Carbide Powder by CVD Method from WCl6-C2H2-H2 Mixtures,” J. Mater. Res., 8 (1993), pp. 2702–2708.

  11. 11.

    R.W. Bartlett and S.B. Bhaduri, “Kinetics of Combustion Synthesis of Molybdenum Disilicide,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 229–232.

  12. 12.

    A. Hibino, “Reaction Process and Model Simulation of Combustion Synthesis of Ni3Al Intermetallic Compounds,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 1435–1443.

  13. 13.

    T. Tanabe et al., “Formation of Sm Fe Intermetallic Compounds by the Reduction Diffusion Process with CaH2,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 1163–1170.

  14. 14.

    D.Y. Kim, M. Ohtsuka, and K. Itagaki, “Reactive Diffusion in Ni-RE (RE = Ce, Pr, Nd) Binary Alloys,” Metall. Rev. MMIJ, 10 (1993), pp. 25–45.

  15. 15.

    M. Fukumoto and M.I. Boulos, “Application of RF PlasmaSpraying to Fabrication of Intermetallic Matrix Composite Coatings,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 678–683.

  16. 16.

    T. Oki et al., “Formation of Chromium Silicide Films on Steel by Disproportionation Reaction in Molten Salts,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1023–1028.

  17. 17.

    J. Uchida et al., “Electroplating of Amorphous Aluminum-Manganese Alloy from Molten Salts,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1029–1036.

  18. 18.

    N. Yoshikawa, H. Aikawa, and A. Kikuchi, “Growth Rate of Chemical-Vapour-Deposited TiN Films in a Tubular Reactor,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 1132–1136.

  19. 19.

    G.S. Hanumanth, G.A. Irons, and S. Lafreniere, “Particle Sedimentation during Processing of Liquid Metal Matrix Composites,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 753–764.

  20. 20.

    H. Miyahara et al., “Wettability and Reaction between Molten Aluminum and Al2O3-SiO2Substrate,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 1056–1063.

  21. 21.

    E.G. Eddings and H.Y. Sohn, “Simplified Treatment of the Rates of Gas Solid Reactions Involving Multicomponent Diffusion,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 32 (1993), pp. 42–48.

  22. 22.

    J.A. Bustnes, Du Sichen, and S. Seetharaman, “Application of a Nonisothermal Thermogravimetric Method to the Kinetic Study of the Reduction of Metallic Oxides: Part II. A Theoretical Treatment of Powder Bed Reduction and Its Application to the Reduction of Tungsten Oxide by Hydrogen,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 475–480.

  23. 23.

    T. Kitamura, K. Shibata, and K. Takeda, “In Flight Reduction of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, TiO2,and Al2O3, by Ar-H2 and Ar-CH4 Plasma,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1150–1158.

  24. 24.

    K. Sunet al., “Oxidation Kinetics of Cement Bonded Natural Ilmenite Pellets,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 489–495.

  25. 25.

    K. Sun, R. Takahashi, and J. Yagi, “Kinetics of the Oxidation and Reduction of Synthetic Ilmenite,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 523–528.

  26. 26.

    K. Sun. R. Takahashi, and J. Yagi, “Reduction Kinetics of Cement Bonded Natural Ilmenite Pellets with Hydrogen,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 496–504.

  27. 27.

    G.B. Sadykhov et al., “Phase Transformations in the Reduction of Titanomagnetite by Hydrogen,” Russ. Metall., No. 5 (1992), pp. 15–24.

  28. 28.

    T. Tanabe, M. Nishiura, and Z. Asaki, “Oxidation Kinetics of Dense Cu5Fe1-xS4-y with Wide Non-stoichiometry,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 1155–1162.

  29. 29.

    T.F. Stephenson, M. Hino, and J.M. Toguri, “Arsenic Removal from Metal Arsenides by Sulphidization,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 109–114.

  30. 30.

    G.J. French and F.R. Sale, “WC-Co by Direct Reduction Carburisation Reactions,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review,9 (1992), pp. 61–82.

  31. 31.

    S.Z. El Tawil, I.M. Morsi, and A.A. Francis, “Kinetics of Solid State Reduction of Ilmenite Ore,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 281–288.

  32. 32.

    D. Bandyopadhyay, N. Chakraborti, and A. Ghosh, “A Study on the Kinetics of Iron Oxide Reduction by Solid Carbon,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 340–345.

  33. 33.

    B.H. Huang and W.K. Lu, “Kinetics and Mechanisms of Reactions in Iron Ore/Coal Composites,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1055–1061.

  34. 34.

    S. Sun and W.K. Lu, “Mathematical Modelling of Reac-tions in Iron Ore/Coal Composites,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1062–1069.

  35. 35.

    P. Weber and R.H. Eric, “The Reduction Mechanism of Chromite in the Presence of a Silica Flux,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 987–996.

  36. 36.

    S. Sun and G.R. Belton, “Kinetics of the Reaction between CO2-CO and Liquid Copper,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 10 (1992), pp. 291–305.

  37. 37.

    R. Ohno and T. Takahashi, “Effect of Mechanical Stirring of Melt on Rates of Removal of Bismuth and Lead in Vacuum Melting of Copper Alloys,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 927–936.

  38. 38.

    K. Harashima et al., “Rates of Nitrogen and Carbon Removal from Liquid Iron in Low Content Region under Reduced Pressures,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 111–119.

  39. 39.

    S. Inoue et al., “Acceleration of Decarburization in RH Vacuum Degassing Process,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 120–125.

  40. 40.

    K. Yamaguchi et al., “Effect of Refining Conditions for Ultra Low Carbon Steel on Decarburization Reaction in RH Degasser,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 126–135.

  41. 41.

    Y. Kishimoto et al., “Decarburization Reaction in Ultra ow Carbon Iron Melt under Reduced Pressure,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 391–399.

  42. 42.

    M. Sano et al., “Decarburization and Oxygen Absorption of Molten Iron of Low Carbon Concentration with Blowing Ar-O2 Mixture of Low Oxygen Pressure,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 855–861.

  43. 43.

    K.C. Chou, U.B. Pal, and R.G. Reddy, “A General Model for BOP Decarburization,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 862–868.

  44. 44.

    O.P. Sinha and R.C. Gupta, “Fe-Cr Melt Nitrogenation When Exposed to Nitrogen Plasma,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 567–576.

  45. 45.

    A. Kobayashi, F. Tsukihashi, and N. Sano, “Kinetic Studies on the Dissolution of Nitrogen into Molten Iron by 14N-15N Isotope Exchange Reaction,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1131–1135.

  46. 46.

    B.S. Terry, C.L. Harris, and D.G.C. Robertson, “Decoppering of Liquid Lead Bullion by Elemental Sulphur Additions—Part 1: Sulphidation of Lead by Elemental Sulphur,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C57–C62.

  47. 47.

    B.S. Terry, C.L. Harris, and D.G.C. Robertson, “Decoppering of Liquid Lead Bullion by Elemental Sulphur Additions—Part 2: Mechanism and Model for Decoppering,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C63–C69.

  48. 48.

    C.A. Pickles, “Pyrometallurgical Reduction of Miller Chlorides with Iron,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C12–C18.

  49. 48a.

    C.A. Pickles and J.M. Toguri, “Reduction of Miller Chlorides with Sodium Oxide-Containing Reagents,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C118–C124.

  50. 49.

    M.S. Lee, B.S. Terry, and P. Grieveson, “Interfacial Phenomena in the Reactions of Al-B, Al-Ti-B, and Al-Zr-B Alloys with KF-AIF3 and NaF-AlF3 Melts,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 947–954.

  51. 50.

    M.S. Lee, B.S. Terry, and P. Grieveson, “Interfacial Phenomena in the Reactions of Al and Al Ti Melts with KF-AlF3 and NaF-AlF3 Melts,” Metall Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 955–962.

  52. 51.

    M. Maeda et al., “Aluminothermic Reduction of Titanium Oxide,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 34 (1993), pp. 599–603.

  53. 52.

    S. Tandon, R.D. Agrawal, and M.L. Kapoor, “Mass Transfer Studies on Selenium and Tellurium between Gas Bubble Agitated Molten Copper and Na2-O-B2O3 Slags,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 834–838.

  54. 53.

    M. Hino et al., “A.C. Impedance Analysis of the Kinetics of Reactions between Molten Cu or Fe and CaO-Al2O3 Slag,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 43–49.

  55. 54.

    L.B. McFeaters and R.J. Fruehan, “Desulfurization of Bath Smelter Metal,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 441–448.

  56. 55.

    X.F. Zhang, J.M. Toguri, and R.T.C Choo, “Kinetics of Dephosphorization of a Cu-Fe Alloy by Lime Addition,” Iron and Steelmaker, 20 (January 1993), pp. 41–48.

  57. 56.

    Y.F. Lee, “Dephosphorization of Chromium Containing Steel,” Iron and Steelmaker, (April 1993), pp. 41–48.

  58. 57.

    P. Wei et al., “Kinetics of Phosphorus Transfer between Iron Oxide Containing Slag and Molten Iron of High Carbon Concentration under Ar-O2 Atmosphere,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 479–487.

  59. 58.

    R. Yamanaka et al., “Denitrogenization Mechanism from Molten Steel by Flux Treatment,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 136–141.

  60. 59.

    T. Takaoka et al., “Manganese Reaction Rate in Combined Blowing Converter with Less Slag,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 98–103.

  61. 60.

    K. Xu et al., “The Kinetics of Reduction of MnO in Molten Slag with Carbon Saturated Liquid Iron,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 104–108.

  62. 61.

    W. Chen et al., “Reduction Kinetics of Molybdenum Oxide in Slag,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 495–500.

  63. 62.

    H. Sun, K. Mroi, and R.D. Pehlke, “Reduction Rate of SiO2 in Slag by Carbon Saturated Iron,” Metall Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 113–120.

  64. 63.

    G.G. Krishna Murthy, A. Hasham, and U.B. Pal, “Reduction Rates of FeO in CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-X Slags by Fe C Droplets,” Ironmaking Steelmaking, 20 (1993), pp. 191–200.

  65. 64.

    H. Katayama et al., “Mechanism of Iron Oxide Reduction and Heat Transfer in the Smelting Reduction Process with a Thick Layer of Slag,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 95–101.

  66. 65.

    H. Katayama et al., “The Characteristics and the Function of a Thick Slag Layer in the Smelting Reduction Process,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 124–132.

  67. 66.

    B. Ozturk and R.J. Fruehan, “Dissolution of Fe2O3 and FeO Pellets in Bath Smelting Slags,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 538–544.

  68. 67.

    A.J. Merchant and N.A. Warner, “Smelting Reduction oi Hematite and Titania Bearing Ores, “Trans. Instn. Min. Metall. 101 (1992), pp. C177–C182.

  69. 68.

    T. Shimoo and Y. Konishi, “Kinetics of Smelting Reduction of Synthetic Chromite (Fe0.5Mg0.5) (Cr0.8Al0.2)2O4J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 285–293.

  70. 69.

    T. Shimoo and Y. Konishi, “Mechanism of Smelting Reduction of Spinel Solid Solution Mg(Cr0.6Al0.4)2O4,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 147–153.

  71. 70.

    K. Takahash et al., “Tost Combustion Behavior in In Bath Type Smelting Reduction Furnace,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 102–110.

  72. 71.

    M. Sheikhshab Bafghi et al., “Effect of Slag Composition on the Kinetics of the Reduction of Iron Oxide in Molten Slag by Graphite,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 1280–1286.

  73. 72.

    M. Sheikhshab Bafghi et al., “Effect of CO Gas Formation on Reduction Rate of Iron Oxide in Molten Slag by Graphite,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1125–1130.

  74. 73.

    J.K. Wright and I.F. Taylor, “Multiparticle Dissolution Kinetics of Carbon in Iron-Carbon Sulphur Melts,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 529–538.

  75. 74.

    S. Tairi, K. Nakashima, and K. Mori, “Kinetic Behavior oi Dissolution of Sintered Alumina into CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 Slags,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 116–123.

  76. 75.

    J.C. Rawers and N.A. Gokcen, “High Temperature, High Pressure Nitrogen Concentration in Fe Cr Mn Ni Alloys,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 110–113.

  77. 76.

    L.P. Vladimirov, T.G. Sabirzyanov, and N.V. Bosyi, “Investigation of the Hydrogen Degassing Ability of Cerium in Iron Carbon Melts,” Russ. Metall., No.5 (1992), pp. 37–41.

  78. 77.

    D.A.R. Kay, “High Temperature Thermodynamics and Applications of Rare Earth Oxides and Sulphides in Ferrous Metallurgy,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 10 (1992), pp. 307–323.

  79. 78.

    H.G. Kim and H.Y. Sohn, “Effects of Slag Composition on the Copper Solubility in Slag and the Behavior of Minor Elements,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA TMS, 1993), pp. 365–368.

  80. 79.

    T. Fujisawa et al., “Solubilities of CO2 and Redox Equilibria of Sb and As in NaO0.5-SbOm and NaO0.5-AsOm Melts,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 683–690.

  81. 80.

    H. Fukuyama et al., “Thermodynamics of NaO0.5-CO2-FeO1.5 Slag,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 1149–157.

  82. 81.

    K.C Mills, “The Influence of Structure on the Physico Chemical Properties of Slags,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 148–155.

  83. 82.

    A. Yazawa and M. Hino, “Thermodynamics of Phase Separation between Molten Metal and Slag, Flux and Their Process Implications,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 79–87.

  84. 83.

    S.M. Jung et al., “Thermodynamic Study on MnO Behavior in MgO Saturated Slag Containing FeO,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1049–1054.

  85. 84.

    P. Wei et al., “Estimation of Slag Metal Interfacial Oxygen Potential in Phosphorus Reaction between FetO Containing Slag and Molten Iron of High Carbon Concentration,” ISI) International, 33 (1993), pp. 847–854.

  86. 85.

    S. Ban Ya, “Mathematical Expression of Slag Metal Reactions in Steelmaking Process by Quadratic Formalism Based on the Regular Solution Model,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 2–11.

  87. 86.

    H. Li and M. Tokuda, “Thermodynamic Simulation on the Behavior of Recycling Elements in the Iron Bath Smelting Reduction Process,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 539–548.

  88. 87.

    H.Y. Sohn and P.C. Chaubal, “The Ignition and Combustion of Chalcopyrite Concentrate Particles under Suspension Smelting Conditions,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 975–986.

  89. 88.

    J.P. Bellot, F. Patisson, and D. Ablitzer, “Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Zinc Updraft Sintering,” Metall Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 7–38.

  90. 89.

    X. Bi, K. Torssell, and O. Wijk, “Simulation of the Blast Furnace Process by a Mathematical Model,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 470–480.

  91. 90.

    X. Bi, K. Torssell, and O. Wijk, “Prediction of the Blast Furnace Process by a Mathematical Model,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 481–488.

  92. 91.

    H. Yamaoka and Y. Kamei, “Theoretical Study on an Oxygen Blast Furnace Using Mathematical Simulation Model,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 701–708.

  93. 92.

    H. Yamaoka and Y. Kamei, “Experimental Study on an Oxygen Blast Furnace Process Using a Small Test Plant,” ISI) International, 32 (1992), pp. 709–715.

  94. 93.

    K. Yamaguchi, H. Ueno, and K. Tamura, “Maximum Injection Rate of Pulverized Coal into Blast Furnace through Tuyeres with Consideration of Unburnt Char,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 716–724.

  95. 94.

    C. Yamagata, et al., “Fundamental Study on Combustion of Pulverized Coal Injected into Coke Bed at High Rate,” ISI) International, 32 (1992), pp. 725–732.

  96. 95.

    H. Aoki et al., “Simulation of Transport Phenomena around the Raceway Zone in the Blast Furnace with and without Pulverized Coal Injection,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 646–654.

  97. 96.

    D. Ya. Povolotsky, O.K. Tokovoy, and S.V. Zyryanov, “Physical Modeling of Hydrodynamic Effects in Argon Oxygen Decarburization of Steel,” Russ. Metall., No. 1 (1993), pp. 20–24.

  98. 97.

    D. Ya. Povolotsky, O.K. Tokovoi, and S.V. Zyryanov, “Physical Modeling of Mass Transfer in a Steel Bath during Argon Oxygen Decarburization,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1993), pp. 1–6.

  99. 98.

    H. Gou, W.K. Lu, and C Bryk, “Bench Scale Test of a New Ironmaking Process with Mixture of Iron Ore Concentrate and Pulverized Coal,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 733–740.

  100. 99.

    P.H. Qi and J.B. Hiskey, “Electrochemical Behavior of Gold in Iodide Solutions,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 161–179.

  101. 100.

    B. Pesic and R.H. Sergent, “Reaction Mechanism of Gold Dissolution with Bromine,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 419–432.

  102. 101.

    L.L. Martinez et al., “Kinetics of the Dissolution of Pure Silver and Silver Gold Alloys in Nitric Acid Solution,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 827–838.

  103. 102.

    Y. Guan and K.N. Han, “The Dissolution Behavior of Gold and Copper from Gold and Copper Alloys,” Minerals Metall. Processing, 10 (May 1993), pp. 66–74.

  104. 103.

    Y.U. Choi and K.N. Han, “The Dissolution Behavior of Silver and Copper from Silver and Copper Alloys,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 9 (1992), pp. 43–60.

  105. 104.

    M. Stoychevski and L.R. Williams, “Influence of Oxygen, Hydrogen Peroxide and Oxone on Dissolution of Gold From Pyrite Ore,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C93–C98.

  106. 105.

    A. Roca et al., “Alkaline Decomposition Cyanidation Kinetics of Argentojarosite,” Hydrometallurgy, 23 (1993), pp.341–358

  107. 106.

    D.D. Harbuck, “Increasing Germanium Extraction from Hydrometallurgical Zinc Residues,” Minerals Metall. Processing, 10 (February 1993), pp. 1–4.

  108. 107.

    T.Y. Yan, “Selective Uranium Oxidation during In Situ Leaching,” Minerals Metall. Processing, 9 (November 1992), pp. 180–183.

  109. 108.

    R. Kumar et al., “Leaching of Pure and Cobalt Bearing Goethites in Sulphurous Acid: Kinetics and Mechanisms,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 39–59.

  110. 109.

    K. Tkacova et al., “Selective Leaching of Zinc from Mechanically Activated Complex Cu Pb Zn Concentrate,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 291–300.

  111. 110.

    F. Elgersma, G.J. Witkamp, and G.M. van Rosmalen, “Kinetics and Mechanism of Reductive Dissolution of Zinc Ferrite in H2O and D2O,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 165–176.

  112. 111.

    F. Elgersma, G.J. Witkamp, and G.M. van Rosmalen, “Simultaneous Dissolution of Zinc Ferrite and Precipitation of Ammonium Jarosite,” Hydrometallurgy, 34 (1993), pp. 23–47.

  113. 112.

    M.M. Antonijevic, M. Dimitrijevic, and Z. Jankovic, “Investigation of Pyrite Oxidation by Potassium Dichromate,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 61–72.

  114. 113.

    A.A. Youzbashi and S.G. Dixit, “Leaching of Cu2O with Aqueous Solution of Sulfur Dioxide,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 563–570.

  115. 114.

    T. Tekin and M. Bayramoglu, “Kinetics of the Reduction of MnO2 with Fe2+Ions in Acidic Solutions,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 9–20.

  116. 115.

    W.K. Choi et al., “Electrochemical Aspects of Zinc Sulphide Leaching by Thiobacillus Ferrooxidans,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 137–152.

  117. 116.

    A.E. Torma, J.E. Wey, and V.I. Lakshmanan, eds., Biohydrometallurgical Technologies, Volume I. Bioleaching Processes (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993).

  118. 117.

    A.E. Torma, J.E. Wey, and V.I. Lakshmanan, eds., Biohydrometallurgical Technologies, Volume II. Fossil Energy Materials Bioremediation, Microbial Physiology (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993).

  119. 118.

    D.G. Dixon and J.L. Hendrix, “A General Model for Leaching of One or More Solid Reactants from Porous Ore Particles,” Metall. Trans.B, 24B (1993), pp. 157–170.

  120. 119.

    D.G. Dixon and J.L. Hendrix, “A Mathematical Model for Heap Leaching of One or More Solid Reactants from Porous Ore Pellets,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1087–1102.

  121. 120.

    V.G. Papangelakis and G.P. Demopoulos, “Reactor Models for a Series of Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors with a Gas Liquid Solid Leaching System: Part I. Surface Reaction Control,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 847–856.

  122. 121.

    V.G. Papangelakis and G.P. Demopoulos, “Reactor Models for a Series of Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors with a Gas Liquid Solid Leaching System: Part II. Gas Transfer Control,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 857–864.

  123. 122.

    V.G. Papangelakis and G.P. Demopoulos, “Reactor Models for a Series of Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors with a Gas Liquid Solid Leaching System: Part III. Model Application,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 865–878.

  124. 123.

    Y.J. Gong and J.Y. Chen, “Kinetics of Conversion of Galena into Lead Carbonate in Ammonium Carbonate Solution in the Presence of Cupric Ion,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 177–195.

  125. 124.

    F. Elgersma, G.J. Witkamp, and G.M. van Rosmalen, “Incorporation of Zinc in Ferrous Sulfate Monohydrate,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 301–311.

  126. 125.

    F. Elgersma, G.J. Witkamp, and G.M. van Rosmalen, “Incorporation of Zinc in Continuous Jarosite Precipitation,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 313–339.

  127. 126.

    X. Nie, J. Chen, and Q. tan, “Kinetics of Iridium Reduction by Hydrogen in Hydrochloric Acid Solution,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 737–746.

  128. 127.

    T. Yasuda, H. Kiuchi, and T. Nagai, “Hydrogen Reduc-tion of Palladium from Chloro-Palladous Acid Solution,” Metall. Rev. MMIJ, 10 (1993), pp. 46–60.

  129. 128.

    N. Yamasaki and L. Huanzhen, “Reduction Kinetics of Ni(OH)2 to Nickel Powder Preparation under Hydrothermal Conditions,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 557–562.

  130. 129.

    C.W. Won et al., “Recovery of Copper from α-Etchant Solution by Electrowinning and Cementation,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 192–197.

  131. 130.

    M. Teramoto et al., “Separation of Gallium and Indium by Supported Liquid Membranes Containing 2-bromodecanoic Acid as Carrier: Design of Supported Liquid Membrane Module Based on Batch Permeation Experiments,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 1–15.

  132. 131.

    L. Bromberg, I. Lewin, and A. Warshawsky, “Membrane Extraction of Mercury (II) and Silver (I) by bis(di(2-ethylhexyl-oxy)thiophosphoryl)disulfide,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 59–71.

  133. 132.

    M.A. Hughes and R.K. Biswas, “The Kinetics of Manganese (II) Extraction in the Acidic Sulphate D2EHPA-n-hexane System Using the Rotating Diffusion Cell Technique,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 209–221.

  134. 133.

    T. Suyama et al., “Extraction and Stripping Characteristics of Ni(II) with Di(2 ethylhexyl)Phosphoric Acid under a High Electrostatic Field,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 34 (1993), pp. 37–42.

  135. 134.

    T. Kakoi et al., “Extraction Mechanism of Palladium with Didodecylmonothiophosphoric Acid in Heptane Diluent,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 627–643.

  136. 135.

    Y. Baba et al., “Kinetics of Palladium (II) Extraction with N,N-dioctylglycine,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 83–93.

  137. 136.

    T. Hirai and I. Komasawa, “Electro-Reductive Stripping of Vanadium in Solvent Extraction Process for Separation of Vanadium and Molybdenum Using Tri-n-octylmethylammonium Chloride,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 73–82.

  138. 137.

    D.W.J. MacLean and D.B. Dreisinger, “The Kinetics of Zinc Extraction in the di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid, n-heptane Zn(ClO4)2, HClO4, H2O System Using the Rotating Diffusion Cell,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 107–136.

  139. 138.

    E.C. Lee and K.N. Han, “The Breakage Behavior of Liquid Membrane Emulsion in a Packed Bed,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 233–245.

  140. 139.

    H.Y. Lee, J.K. Oh, and D.H. Lee, “Interpretation of Continuous Settling Behavior from Batch Settling Data in a Versatic Acid 10 Water System,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 273–286.

  141. 140.

    A. Davis, T. Tran, and D.R. Young, “Solution Chemistry of Iodide Leaching of Gold,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 143–159.

  142. 141.

    J.L. Broadhurst and J.G.H. du Preez, “A Thermodynamic Study of the Dissolution of Gold in an Acidic Aqueous Thiocyanate Medium Using Iron (III) Sulphate as an Oxidant,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 317–344.

  143. 142.

    F. Ojebuoboh and D.R. Morris, “Oxygen Deleading of Lead Bismuth Alloys,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 839–846.

  144. 143.

    M. Martinez et al., “Comparative Study of Mono(n-Octyl) Phosphinic and Di(n Octyl)Phosphinic Acids as Metal Extracants,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 95–106.

  145. 144.

    F.J. Alguacil and C. Caravaca, “Study of Gold (III) HC1 Amine Alamine 304 Extraction Equilibrium System,” Hydrometallurgy, 34 (1993), pp. 91–98.

  146. 145.

    I. Villaescusa et al., “Extraction of Gold (III) from Hydrochloric Acid Solutions by Tri-n Dodecylammonium Chloride in Toluene. Estimation of the Interaction Coefficient between and H+,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 613–626.

  147. 146.

    S. Yu, J. Yu, and Z. Yu, “19–23 Alkyliminodimethylenephosphonic Acid, a New Extractant for Gold from Acidic Thiourea Solutions,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 181–188.

  148. 147.

    K. Wase, Y. Kishi, and Y. Maru, “Solvent Extraction of Cobalt and Sodium with Versatic Acid 10,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 1281–1287.

  149. 148.

    B.K. Tait, “Cobalt Nickel Separation: The Extraction of Cobalt (II) and Nickel (II) by Cyanex 301, Cyanex 302, and Cyanex 272,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 365–372.

  150. 149.

    K.S. Rao and P.K. Sahoo, “Effect of Ammonium Salts on the Extraction of Copper Using Hostarex DK 16,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 211–218.

  151. 150.

    KG Nathsarma and P.V.R. Bhaskara Sarma, “Processing of Ammoniacal Solutions Containing Copper, Nickel and Cobalt for Metal Separation,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 197–210.

  152. 151.

    I. Mihaylov and P.A. Distin, “Solvent Extraction of Gallium with D2EHPA from Acidic Sulphate Solutions Equilibria and Complexation,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 21–30.

  153. 152.

    B. Gutierrez, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Extraction Equilibria of Gallium (III) with LIX 54 from Hydrochloric Acid Solutions,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 769–782.

  154. 153.

    B.A. Moyer et al., “Extraction of Mn(II) from Nitric Acid by Crown Ether Synergized Cation Exchange; Extended Equilibrium and Infrared Analysis,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 889–921.

  155. 154.

    X. Zhang et al., “Solvent Extraction of Rhenium (VII) with Crown Ethers and Some Univalent Cations,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 585–601.

  156. 155.

    M.R. Chowdhury and S.K. Sanyal, “Separation by Solvent Extraction of Tellurium (IV) and Selenium (IV) with trin Butyl Phosphate: Some Mechanistic Aspects,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 189–200.

  157. 156.

    H.K. Lin, “Extraction of Zinc Chloride with Dibutyl Butylphosphonate,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 11–16.

  158. 157.

    P.A. Riveros, “Selectivity Aspects of the Extraction of Gold from Cyanide Solutions with Ion Exchange Resins,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 43–58.

  159. 158.

    T. Kekesi, K. Mimura, and M. Isshiki, “Purification of Copper Chloride Solution by Anion Exchange for the Preparation of Ultra High Purity Copper,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), p. 565.

  160. 159.

    I.M. El Naggar et al., “Ion Exchange Equilibrium of the Cu2+/H+, Zn2+/H+ and Pb2+/H+ Ions on Hydrated Ferric Oxide,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 683–692.

  161. 160.

    S. Akita et al., “Equilibrium Distribution of Palladium (II) between Hydrochloric Acid Solution and a Macromolecular Resin Containing Tri-n-Octylamine,” Solvent Extraction Ion Exchange, 11 (1993), pp. 797–810.

  162. 161.

    J.W. Evans and R. Shekhar, “Fluid Flow and Interpolar Resistance Measurements in Advanced Hall-Héroult Cells,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 9 (1992), pp. 135–146.

  163. 162.

    K.J. Driscoll and D.J. Fray, “Fundamental Aspects of Fused Salt Electrorefining of Zinc,” Trans. Instn Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C99–C108.

  164. 163.

    K.J. Driscoll and D.J. Fray, “Fused Salt Electrorefining of Zinc Using Recessed-Channel Electrodes,” Trans. Instn. Min. Metall., 102 (1993), pp. C109–117.

  165. 164.

    K.U. Nair, D.K. Bose, and C.K. Gupta, “The Production of Elemental Boron by Fused Salt Electrolysis,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 9 (1992), pp. 283–291.

  166. 165.

    H.M. Aros and T.J. O’Keefe, “The Role of Cathode Macromorphology in Zinc Electrowinning Current Efficiency,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 295–303.

  167. 166.

    S. Jin and E. Ghali, “Cathodic Voltammetric Study of Copper Passivation during Electrorefining at 50 and 65°C,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 305–319.

  168. 167.

    A.E. Saba, A.E. Elsherief, and S.E. Afifi, “Effect of Pulsating Current and Periodic Current Reversal on Electrorefining of Copper,” Trans. Instn Min. Metall., 101 (1992), pp. C91–C98.

  169. 168.

    H. Fukushima et al., “Electrodeposition Behavior of Zn Iron-group Metal Alloys from Sulfate and Chloride Baths,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1009–1015.

  170. 169.

    F.C. Walsh, “The Performance of a 500 Amp Rotating Cylinder Electrode Reactor. Part 3: Methods for the Determination of Mass Transport Data and the Choice of Reactor Model,” Hydrometallurgy, 33 (1993), pp. 367–385.

  171. 170.

    Y.Y. Sheng and G.A. Irons, “Measurement and Modeling of Turbulence in the Gas/Liquid Two Phase Zone during Gas Injection,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 695–706.

  172. 171.

    A.C. Mikrovas and S.A. Argyropoulos, “A Novel Technique to Estimate Velocity in Liquid Steel and in Other High Temperature Liquid Metals,” Iron and Steelmaker, 20 (October 1993), pp. 85–94.

  173. 172.

    A.V. Mikrovos and S.A. Argyropoulos, “Measurement of Velocity in High Temperature Liquid Metals,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1990–1022.

  174. 173.

    J. Chen et al., “Modeling of Solid Flow in Moving Beds,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 664–671.

  175. 174.

    P.S. Mohanty, T. Sundararajana, and N. Chakraborti, “A Finite Element Modeling Analysis of Flow and Mass Transfer through Nonspherical Bubbles in a Copper Converter,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 617–628.

  176. 175.

    V.B. Okhotsky, “Model of Refining of Metal Blown with Oxidizing Gas. Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1993), pp. 7–15.

  177. 176.

    Y. Xie, S. Orsten, and F. Oeters, “Behaviour of Bubbles at Gas Blowing into Liquid Wood’s Metal,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 66–75.

  178. 177.

    M. Iguchi et al., “Bubble Characteristics in the Buoyancy Region of a Vertical Bubbling Jet,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 747–754.

  179. 178.

    M. Iguchi et al., “Effects of the Viscosity of Liquid on the Characteristics of Vertical Bubbling Jet in a Cylindrical Vessel,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 361–368.

  180. 179.

    R.Q. Li and R. Harris, “Bubble Formation from a Very Narrow Slot,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 31–37.

  181. 180.

    Y.Y. Sheng and G.A. Irons, “Measurements of the Internal Structure of Gas Liquid Plumes,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 779–788.

  182. 181.

    I.F. Taylor, “Gas Blowthrough of a Liquid Metal Bath by n Upward Directed Submerged Jet,” ISIJ International, 33 1993), pp. 748–756.

  183. 182.

    A.V. Grechko, “Characteristics and Parameters of Gas Jets Interacting with the Melt in Bubbling Pyrometallurgical Plants,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1993), pp. 1–6.

  184. 183.

    S.V. Komarov et al., “Mixing Phenomena in a Liquid Bath Stirred by Gas Jets through Side and Inclined Nozzles,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 740–747.

  185. 184.

    M. Iguchi et al., “Mass Transfer from a Solid Body Immersed in a Cylindrical Bath with Bottom Gas Injection,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 728–734.

  186. 185.

    S.H. Kim, R.J. Fruehan, and R.I.L. Guthrie, “Physical Model Studies of Slag/Metal Reactions in Gas Stirred Ladles Determination of Critical Gas Row Rate,” Iron and Steelmaker, 20 (November 1993), pp. 71–76.

  187. 186.

    G. Reiter and K. Schwerdtfeger, “Observations of Physical Phenomena Occurring during Passage of Bubbles through Liquid/Liquid Interfaces,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 50–56.

  188. 187.

    G. Reiter and K. Schwerdtfeger, “Characteristics of Entrainment at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces Due to Rising Bubbles,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 57–65.

  189. 188.

    S. Kobayashi, “Iron Droplet Formation Due to Bubbles Passing through Molten Iron/Slag Interface,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 577–582.

  190. 189.

    O.J. Ilegbusi et al., “A Comparison of Experimentally Measured and Theoretically Calculated Velocity Fields in a Water Model of an Argon Stirred Ladle,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 474–478.

  191. 190.

    S. Joo and R.I.L. Guthrie, “Modeling Flows and Mixing in Steelmaking Ladles Designed for Single and Dual Plug Bubbling Operations,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 765–778.

  192. 191.

    D. Mazumdar and R.I.L. Guthrie, “On the Numerical Calculation and Non Dimensional Representation of Velocity Fields in Bubble Stirred Ladle Systems,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 286–291.

  193. 192.

    M. Neifer, S. Rodle, and D. Sucker, “Investigations on the Fluid Dynamic and Thermal Process Control in Ladles,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 54–62.

  194. 193.

    H.W. Gudenau et al., “Formation and Effects of Slag Foaming in Smelting Reduction,” Steel Research, 63 (1992), pp. 521–525.

  195. 194.

    S. Hara and K. Ogino, “Slag Foaming Phenomenon in Pyrometallurgical Processes,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 81–86.

  196. 195.

    Y. Ogawa et al., “Slag Foaming in Smelting Reduction and Its Control with Carbonaceous Materials,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 87–94.

  197. 196.

    S. Kitamura and K. Okohira, “Influence of Slag Composition and Temperature on Slag Foaming,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 741–746.

  198. 197.

    Y. Ogawa et al., “Physical Model of Slag Foaming,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 224–232.

  199. 198.

    H.W. Gudenau et al., “Heat Transfer in an Iron Bath of a Two Stage Smelting Reduction Process,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 372–376.

  200. 199.

    M.K. Shin et al., “A Numerical Study on the Combustion Phenomena Occurring at the Post Combustion Stage in Bath Type Smelting Reduction Furnace,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 369–375.

  201. 200.

    L. Zhang and F. Oeters, “A Model of Post Combustion in Iron Bath Reactors, Part 3: Theoretical Basis for Post Combustion with Pre-heated Air,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 542–548.

  202. 201.

    H. Gou, G.A. Irons, and W.K. Lu, “Mathematical Modeling of Postcombustion in a KOBM Converter,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 179–188.

  203. 202.

    N. Bessho et al., “Removal of Inclusion from Molten Steel in Continuous Casting Tundish,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 157–163.

  204. 203.

    A.K. Sinha and Y. Sahai, “Mathematical Modeling of Inclusion Transport and Removal in Continuous Casting Tundishes,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 556–566.

  205. 204.

    S. Joo and R.I.L. Guthrie, “Inclusion Behavior and Heat Transfer Phenomena in Steelmaking Tundish Operations: Part I. Aqueous Modeling,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 755–766.

  206. 205.

    S. Joo, J.W. Han, and R.I.L. Guthrie, “Inclusion Behavior and Heat Transfer Phenomena in Steelmaking Tundish Operations: Part II. Mathematical Model for Liquid Steel in Tundishes,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 767–778.

  207. 206.

    S. Joo, J.W. Han, and R.I.L. Guthrie, “Inclusion Behavior and Heat Transfer Phenomena in Steelmaking Tundish Operations: Part II. Applications Computational Approach to Tundish Design,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 779–788.

  208. 207.

    Q. Jiao and N.J. Themelis, “Mathematical Modelling of Heat Transfer during the Melting of Solid Particles in a Liquid Slag or Metal Bath,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp.75–83

  209. 208.

    M. Miyamoto and T. Onoye, “Swelling Phenomena of Molten Pig Iron Containing Titanium,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 76–80.

  210. 209.

    K. lwai et al., “Development of an Induction Melting Process for Materials with Low Electrical Conductivity or High Melting Point,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 259–264.

  211. 210.

    T. Tanaka, A. Kuroda, and K. Kurita, “Continuous Casting of Titanium Alloy by an Induction Cold Crucible,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 575–582.

  212. 211.

    L.M. Racz, J. Szekely, and K.A. Brakke, “A General Statement of the Problem and Description of a Proposed Method of Calculation for Some Meniscus Problems in Materials Processing,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 328–335.

  213. 212.

    H. Nakata and J. Etay, “Meniscus Shape of Molten Steel under Alternating Magnetic Field,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 521–528.

  214. 213.

    I. Jimbo and A.W. Cramb, “Calculations of the Effect of Chemistry and Geometry on Free Surface Curvature during the Casting of Steels,” Iron Steelmaker, 20 (June 1993), pp. 55–63.

  215. 214.

    T.S. Piwonka, V. Voller, and L. Katgerman, eds., Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VI (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993).

  216. 215.

    M.R.R.I. Shamsi and S.P. Mehrotra, “A Two Dimensional Heat and Fluid Row Model of Single Roll Continuous Sheet Casting Process,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 521–536.

  217. 216.

    R. Westhoff, G. Trapaga, and J. Szekely, “Plasma Particle Interactions in Plasma Spraying Systems,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 683–694.

  218. 217.

    G. Trapaga et al., “Fluid Row, Heat Transfer, and Solidification of Molten Metal Droplets Impinging on Substrates: Comparison of Numerical and Experimental Results,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 701–718.

  219. 218.

    K. Upadhya, ed., Plasma Synthesis and Processing of Materials (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993).

  220. 219.

    V.S. Savvin, V.A. Abdullaev, and N.I. Ryabova, “Dilatometric Testing of the Heterogeneous Structure of Liquid Metals,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1992), pp. 33–35.

  221. 220.

    I. Jimbo and A.W. Cramb, “The Density of Liquid Iron Carbon Alloys,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 5–10.

  222. 221.

    S. Srikanth and S. Chattopadhyay, “Volume Effects and Complexing in Liquid K-Pb Alloys,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 103–107.

  223. 222.

    A.I. Kulinskii, “Density of Liquid Magnesium,” Tsvetnye Metally/Non Ferrous Metals, No. 5 (1988), p. 78.

  224. 223.

    N. Ikemiya et al., “Surface Tensions and Densities of Molten A12O3 Ti2O3, V2O5 and Nb2O5,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 156–165.

  225. 224.

    T. Okamoto et al., “Densities and Surface Tensions in a Calcium Ferrite Slag,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 361–364.

  226. 225.

    I. Jimbo and A.W. Cramb, “Computer Aided Interfacial Measurements,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 26–35.

  227. 226.

    K. Nogi et al, “Wettability of Diamond by Liquid Pure Metals,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 63–67.

  228. 227.

    L.A. Oborin et al., “Behaviour of Physical Properties of Type VNL Steel in Liquid State,” Russ. Metall., No. 3 (1993), pp. 9–12.

  229. 228.

    D. Emadi, J.E. Gruzleski, and J.M. Toguri, “The Effect of Na and Sr Modification on Surface Tension and Volumetric Shrinkage of A356 Alloy and Their Influence on Porosity Formation,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1055–1064.

  230. 229.

    W.B. Chung et al., “Surface Tension of Liquid Cr O System,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 33 (1992), pp. 753–757.

  231. 230.

    S. Hara, M. Hanao, and K. Ogino, “Interfacial Tension between Solid Cu and Liquid Cu-Bi and Cu Pb Alloys,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 164–169.

  232. 231.

    H.K. Lee, M.G. Frohberg, and J.P. Hajra, “The Determination of the Surface Tensions of Liquid Iron, Nickel and Iron Nickel Alloys Using the Electromagnetic Oscillating Droplet Technique,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 191–196.

  233. 232.

    N. Ohara and E. Kato, “The Measurement of the Surface Tension of Molten Fe 3.52 Pct-C 2.02 Pct Si (Al, Ti, N) Alloys by the Maximum Bubble Pressure Method,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 200–203.

  234. 233.

    K. Nakashima and K. Mori, “Interfacial Properties of Liquid Iron Alloys and Liquid Slags Relating to Iron-and Steel-making Processes,” ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 11–18.

  235. 234.

    H.K. Lee, M.G. Frohberg, and J.P. Hajra, “Surface Tension Measurements of Liquid Iron Nickel Sulphur Ternary System Using the Electromagnetic Oscillating Droplet Technique,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 833–838.

  236. 235.

    S.W. Ip and J.M. Toguri, “Surface and Interfacial Tension of the Ni-Fe-S, Ni-Cu-S, and Fayalite Slag Systems,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 657–668.

  237. 236.

    H.K. Lee, M.G. Frohberg, and J.P. Hajra, “The Determination of the Surface Tensions of Nickel Sulphur Alloys Using the Electromagnetic Oscillating Droplet Technique,” Can. Metall Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 289–294.

  238. 237.

    G.M. Haarberg et al., “Measurement of Electronic Conduction in Cryolite Alumina Melts and Estimation of Its Effect on Current Efficiency,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 729–736.

  239. 238.

    T. El Gammal and E. Wosch, “Photon Conductivity of Metallurgical Slags of the Three Component System CaO-SiO2-Al2O3,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 501–504.

  240. 239.

    M. Hirai, “Estimation of Viscosities of Liquid Alloys,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 251–258.

  241. 240.

    T. Yamasaki, T. Shimada, and Y. Ogino, “Composition Dependence of Viscosity of Fe-B-Si Liquid Alloy,”. J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 1229–1234.

  242. 241.

    K. Datta et al., “Effect of Titania on the Characteristics of Blast Furnace Slags,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 232–238.

  243. 242.

    A. Yamauchi et al., “Heat Transfer between Mold and Strand through Mold Flux Film in Continuous Casting of Steel,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 140–147.

  244. 243.

    M. Susa, F. Li, and K. Nagata, “Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Diffusivity, and Specific Heat of Slags Containing Iron Oxides,” Ironmaking Steelmaking, 20 (1993), pp. 201–206.

  245. 244.

    A.V. Volkovich, “Diffusion Coefficients of Alkali Earth Metals in Liquid Zinc Alloys,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1993), pp. 53–56.

  246. 245.

    M. Meraikib, “Manganese Distribution between a Slag and a Bath of Molten Sponge Iron and Scrap,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 352–360.

  247. 246.

    M. Sasabe and S. Kitamura, “Transport Phenomena of Oxygen through Molten CaO-SiO2 System Containing Zinc and/or Nickel Oxide,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 133–139.

  248. 247.

    B. Sears et al., “The Detection of Solutal Convection during Electrochemical Measurement of the Oxygen Diffusivity in Liquid Tin,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 91–100.

  249. 248.

    Z. Yang, S. Du, and W. Du, “Determination of Diffusion Coefficients of Strontium in Liquid Aluminum,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 707–709.

  250. 249.

    L.I. Kaplun, “Heat Capacities of Iron Ores, Concentrates, Burdens and Sinters,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1993), pp. 16–21.

  251. 250.

    T. Iida, Y. Kita, and Z. Morita, “An Equation for Vapor Pressure and Its Application to Molten Salts,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 75–78.

  252. 251.

    J.W. Matousek, “Oxygen Potentials of Copper Smelting Slags,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 97–101.

  253. 252.

    V.N. Shalimov, B.L. Bozhenko, and G.E. Rozenshtein, “Calculation of the Solubility of Molecular Gases in Liquid Metals,” Russ. Metall., No. 5 (1992), pp. 42–47.

  254. 253.

    V.I. Lakomskii, “Change in the Solubility of Hydrogen in Metals at the Melting Point,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1992), pp. 156–159.

  255. 254.

    V.I. Shapovalov, A.P. Semik, and A.G. Timchenko, “On the Solubility of Hydrogen in Liquid Magnesium,” Russ. Metall., No. 3 (1993), pp. 21–24.

  256. 255.

    L.B. MacFeaters, J.J. Moore, and B.J. Welch, “Solubility of Nitrogen in Liquid Steel in Plasma Induction Reactor,” Ironmaking Steelmaking, 20 (1993), pp. 298–306.

  257. 256.

    Y. Iguchi and T. Narushima, “Solubility of Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon in Liquid Silicon,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 437–440.

  258. 257.

    T. Fujisawa, S. Takai, and C. Yamauchi, “Solubility of Oxygen in Cerium and Neodymium,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 917–920.

  259. 258.

    K.S. Yoshiki-Gravelsins and J.M. Toguri, “Oxygen and Sulfur Solubilities in Ni-Fe-S-O Melts,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 847–856.

  260. 259.

    S. Ban Ya, M. Hino, and T. Nagasaka, “Estimation of Water Vapor Solubility in Molten Silicates by Quadratic Formalism Based on the Regular Solution Model,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 12–19.

  261. 260.

    E. Martinez R., V. Espejo O., and F. Manjarrez, “The Solubility of Nitrogen in the CaO-CaF2-Al2O3 System and Its Relationship with Basicity,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 48–52.

  262. 261.

    J. Palacios and D.R. Gaskell, “The Solubility of Copper in Lime Saturated and Calcium Ferrite Saturated Liquid Iron Oxide,” Metall Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 265–270.

  263. 262.

    L.P. Efimenko, “Solution of Iron in Ni-B Melt,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1992), pp. 185–188.

  264. 263.

    H.J. Eckstein, M. Fennert, and J. Ohser, “Application of Thermodynamic Computations to the Solution Behaviour of Niobium and Vanadium Carbonitrides,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 143–147.

  265. 264.

    G.R. Holcomb and G.R. St. Pierre, “The Solubility of Alumina in Liquid Iron,” Metall Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 789–790.

  266. 265.

    R.G. Reddy and S.G. Kumar, “Solubility and Thermodynamic Properties of Li2O in LiF-CaF2 Melts,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1031–1036.

  267. 266.

    J.L. Limpo and A. Luis, “Solubility of Zinc Chloride in Ammoniacal Ammonium Chloride Solutions,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 247–260.

  268. 267.

    A.M. Katsnelson, V.Y. Dashevskiy, and V.I. Kashin, “Carbon Activity in Fe-, Co-, Ni-, and Mn-Based Melts at 1873 K,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 197–202.

  269. 268.

    F. Tamura and H. Suito, “Thermodynamics of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Liquid Iron Equilibrated with CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 Slags,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 121–130.

  270. 269.

    H. Suit, R. Inoue, and A. Nagatani, “Mullite as an Electrochemical Probe for the Determination of Low Oxygen Activity in Liquid Iron,” Steel Research, 63 (1992), pp. 419–425.

  271. 270.

    Z. Ma et al., “Thermodynamic Behaviour of Phosphorus in Mn-Si-Ca-P Melts,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 148–152

  272. 271.

    V.S. Sudavtsova and N.O. Sharkina, “Thermodynamic Properties of Melts of the Systems Fe-Ni-P and Fe-Ni-O-Ta-Si,” Russ. Metall., No. 2 (1992), pp. 203–205.

  273. 272.

    N.S. Jacobson and G.M. Mehrotra, “Thermodynamics of Iron Aluminum Alloys at 1573 K,” Metall Trans. B, 24E (1993), pp. 481–486.

  274. 273.

    X.Y. Yan, D.E. Langberg, and W.J. Rankin, “Thermodynamic Properties of Zinc Rich Zinc Aluminum Melts,” Metall Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1037–1044.

  275. 274.

    I. Katayama et al., “Activity Measurement of Gallium in Ga-Bi and Ga-Sb-Bi Alloys by EMF Method Using Zirconia as Solid Electrolyte,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 34 (1993), pp. 792–795.

  276. 275.

    E. Samuelsson and A. Mitchell, “The Thermochemistry of Magnesium in Nickel Base Alloys: Part I. The Determination of Thermochemical Parameters Using the Atomic Absorption Technique,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 791–804.

  277. 276.

    E. Samuelsson and A. Mitchell, “The Thermochemistry of Magnesium in Nickel Base Alloys: Part II. Activity of Magnesium,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 805–814.

  278. 277.

    A. Katsnelson, F. Tsukihashi, and N. Sano, “Determination of Manganese and Carbon Activities of Mn-C Melts at 1628 K,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 1045–1048.

  279. 278.

    C.L. Nassaralla and E.T. Turkdogan, “Thermodynamic Activity of Antimony at Dilute Solutions in Carbon Saturated Liquid Iron,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 963–974.

  280. 279.

    H.G. Lee and D.A. Okongwu, “Measurements of Silicon Activities in Fe-C-Si and Fe-B-Si Alloys Using Electrochemical Silicon Sensors,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 347–351.

  281. 280.

    K. Kameda and K. Yamaguchi, “Activity Measurements of Liquid Tl-In Alloys by an EMF Method Using Zirconia Electrolytes,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 56 (1992), pp. 60–66.

  282. 281.

    R.H. Eric, “Activities in Cu2S-FeS-SnS Melts at 1200°C,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 301–308.

  283. 282.

    Y. Xiao and L. Holappa, “Determination of Activities in Slags Containing Chrmomm Oxides,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 66–74.

  284. 283.

    S.R. Peddada and D.R. Gaskell, “The Activity of CuO0, along the Air Isobars in the Systems Cu-O-SiO2 and Cu-O-CaO at 1300°C,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 59–62.

  285. 284.

    E.R. Plante, J.W. Hastie, and M. Kowalska, “Activity of FeO in the FeO MgO-SiO2 System Determined by High Temperature Mass Spectrometry“ ISIJ International, 32 (1992), pp. 1276–1279.

  286. 285.

    S. Jahanshahi and S. Wright, “Redox Equilibria in Al2O3-CaO-FeOx-SiO2 and Al2O3-CaO-FeOx-MgO-SiO2 Slags,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 195–203.

  287. 286.

    S.C. Shim, F. Tsukihashi, and N. Sano, “Thermodynamic Properties of the BaO-MnO Flux System,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 333–338.

  288. 287.

    G.M. Kale, “Na2O-Al2O3 System: Activity of Na2O in (α + β) and (α + β”) Alumina,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 833–840.

  289. 288.

    D. Ma and W.K. Lu, “A Study of Ion Activities in Ionic Solutions,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 317–324.

  290. 289.

    T. Sakai and M. Maeda, “Thermodynamics of Sulfur in CaO-CaO-CO2 System,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 325

  291. 290.

    K. Tomioka and H. Suito, “Thermodynamics of Nitrogen in BaO-TiOx Melts,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 131–138.

  292. 291.

    J. Tanabe and H. Suito, “Thermodynamics of Nitrogen in CaO-TiO-TiO1.5 Slags,” Steel Research, 63 (1992), pp. 515–520.

  293. 292.

    Y. Watanabe et al., “Thermodynamics of Phosphorus and Sulfur in the BaO-MnO Flux System between 1573 and 1673 K,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 339–348.

  294. 293.

    A.D. Pleton, G. Eriksson, and A. Romero Serrano, “Calculation of Sulfide Capacities of Multicomponent Slags,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 817–826.

  295. 294.

    M. Hino, S. Kitagawa, and S. Ban-ya, “Sulphide Capacities of CaO-Al2O3 MgO and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 Slags,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 36–42.

  296. 295.

    K. Kunisada and H. Iwai, “Effects of CaO, MnO, MgC and Al2O3 on the Sulfide Capacities of Na2O-SiO2Slags,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 43–47.

  297. 296.

    F. Ishii and S. Ban-ya, “Deoxidation Equilibrium of Silicon in Liquid Nickel Copper and Nickel Cobalt Alloys,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 245–250.

  298. 297.

    H. Fukuyama, T. Fujisawa, and C. Yamauchi, “Elimination of As, Sb, Sn or Fe from Molten Copper by Using Na2CO3 Slag,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 377–380.

  299. 298.

    G. Alvear et al., “Thermodynamic Considerations for Elimination of Te, SE, Si, Ni and Zn from Molten Copper by Using Na2CO3Slag,” First International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties, eds. H. Henein and T. Oki (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1993), pp. 373–376.

  300. 299.

    S. Nakamura, F. Tsukihashi, and N. Sano, “Phosphorus Partition between CaOsatd.-BaO-SiO2FetO Slags and Liquid Iron at 1873 K,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 53–58.

  301. 300.

    W.H. Van Niekerk and R.J. Dippenaar, “Thermodynamic Aspects of Na2O and CaF2 Containing Lime Based Slags Used for the Desulphurization of Hot Metal,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 59–65.

  302. 301.

    N.M. Anacleto, H.G. Lee, and P.C. Hayes, “Sulphur Partition between CaO SiO2-Ce2O3 Slags and Carbon Saturated Iron,” ISIJ International, 35 (1993), pp. 549–555.

  303. 302.

    V.G. Il’ves, V. Filippov, and S.P. Yatsenko, “Phase Diagram In2-Bi-Ga,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1993), pp. 206–210.

  304. 303.

    M. Wang and B. Sundman, “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Mn-O System,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 821–832.

  305. 304.

    A. Jakobsson, D. Sichen, and S. Seetharaman, “Thermodynamic Study of the NiO-MgO System in the Temperature Range 1073 to 1473 K by a Galvanic Cell Technique,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 1023–1030.

  306. 305.

    P. Wu et al., “Prediction of the Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Diagrams of Silicate Systems Evaluation of the FeO-MgO-SiO2 System,” ISIJ International, 33 (1993), pp. 26–35.

  307. 306.

    L.L. Oden and N.A. Gokcen, “Sn-C and Al-Sn-C Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Properties of C in the Alloys: 1550°C to 2300°C,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 53–58.

  308. 307.

    G. Eriksson and A.D. Pelton, “Critical Evaluation and Optimization of the Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Diagrams of the CaO-Al2O3, Al2O3-SiO2, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 Systems,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 807–816.

  309. 308.

    G. Eriksson and A.D. Pelton, “Critical Evaluations and Optimization of the Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Diagrams of the MnO-TiO2 MgO-TiO2, FeO-TiO2, Ti2O2-TiO2, Na2-TiO2, and K2-TiO2 Systems,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 795–806.

  310. 309.

    M. Numata, M. Sugiura, and A. Fuwa, “Standard Gibbs Energies of Formation for AlClg) and AlCl2(g) Species at Temperatures from 600 to 1300 K,” Mater. Trans. JIM, 34 (1993), pp. 511–516.

  311. 310.

    T. Miyamoto and M. Iwase, “Free Energies Changes for the Reaction Al2O3(s) + P2(g) + (5/2)O2(g) = 2 AlPO4(s),” Iron and Steelmaker, 20 (August 1993), pp. 43–48.

  312. 311.

    T.K. Inouye, H. Fujiwara, and M. Iwase, “A Thermodynamic Study of CaO + CaCl2 + Cr2O3 Fluxes Used for the Removal of Phosphorus from Chromium Containing Iron Melts,” Iron and Steelmaker, 20 (May 1993), pp. 77–86.

  313. 312.

    H. Ono, F. Tsukihashi, and N. Sano, “Determination of Standard Gibbs Energy of Formation of Ca3N2,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 907–909.

  314. 313.

    K. Koyama, “Standard Gibbs Energies of Formation of CoMoO4 and Co2Mo3O8 Determined by Electromotive Force Measurement,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, 57 (1993), pp. 154–157.

  315. 314.

    H. Ono et al., “Determination of Standard Gibbs Energies of Formation of MgO, SrO, and BaO,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 487–492.

  316. 315.

    S. Raghavan, “Gibbs Free Energies of Formation of Magnesium Tantalates from EMF Measurements,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 9 (1992), pp. 209–212.

  317. 316.

    A. Majumdar et al., “Thermodynamics of Nickel Aluminate Formation in Molten Nickel,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 321–326.

  318. 317.

    D.M. Larsen and P.B. Linkson, “Thermodynamics of the Zinc Sulfur Dioxide Water System,” Metall. Trans. B, 24B (1993), pp. 409–418.

  319. 318.

    O. Yu. Sidorov and P.V. Gel’d, “Estimation of Thermodynamic Characteristics of Liquid Binary Alloys of Boron with Manganese, Iron, Cobalt and Nickel, Russ. Metall., No. 3 (1993), pp. 1–8.

  320. 319.

    V.T. Vitusevich, “Enthalpy of Formation of Cr-B-C Melts,” Russ. Metall., No. 3 (1993), pp. 31–34.

  321. 320.

    L.S. Chistyakov, A. Ya. Stomakhin, and K.V. Grigorovich, “A Study of the Enthalpy of Formation of Fe-Si and Ni-Cr Solutions Using a New High Temperature Calorimeter,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1993), pp. 20–28.

  322. 321.

    N. Selhaoui, J.C. Gachon, and J. Hertz, “Enthalpies of Formation of Some Solid Hafnium Nickel Compounds and of the Ni-Rich HfNi Liquid by Direct Reaction Calorimetry,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 815–820.

  323. 322.

    V.T. Vitusevich, “Enthalpies of Formation of the Mn B C Melts,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1993), pp. 29–32.

  324. 323.

    V.T. Vitusevich, “Enthalpy of Formation of Mn Si C Melts,” Russ. Metall., No. 3 (1992), pp. 65–68.

  325. 324.

    R. Lbibb and R. Castanet, “Thermodynamic Investigation of the Pd-Pt-Ge Ternary Alloys at 1269 K,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 335–339.

  326. 325.

    M.G. Valishev et al., “Partial and Integral Enthalpies of Formation of Liquid Binary Alloys of Silicon, Germanium, and Tin with Zirconium,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1992), pp. 43

  327. 326.

    J.P. Hajra, H.K. Lee, and M.G. Frohberg, “Representation of Thermodynamic Properties of Ternary Systems and Its Application to the System Silver Gold Copper at 1350 K,” Metall. Trans. B, 23B (1992), pp. 747–753.

  328. 327.

    K. Schaefers, J. Qin, and M.G. Frohberg, “Mixing Enthalpies and Calorimetric Investigations of Liquid Iron Vanadium Alloys,” Steel Research, 64 (1993), pp. 229–231.

  329. 328.

    O.K. Belousov, “On Entropy of Melting of Elementary Substances,” Russ. Metall., No. 4 (1993), pp. 33–37.

  330. 329.

    M.G. Frohberg and R. Lin, “The Entropies of Fusion for Group Vb and VIb Metals,” Can. Metall. Quart., 32 (1993), pp. 45–48.

  331. 330.

    K. Chiba et al., “Development of Direct Analysis Method for Molten Iron in Converter Hotspot Radiation Spectrometry,” Ironmaking Steelmaking, 20 (1993), pp. 215–220.

  332. 331.

    M. Iwase, “Silicon Sensors for Use in Hot Metal Processing,” Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 11 (1992), pp. 245–259.

  333. 332.

    A. Azimi and N.M. Rice, “A Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Cobalt (II) in Organic Phases,” Hydrometallurgy, 32 (1993), pp. 223–232.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sohn, H.Y., Cho, W.D. Developments in physical chemistry and basic principles. JOM 46, 43–50 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03220674

Download citation

Keywords

  • Decarburization
  • Liquid Iron
  • Continuous Stir Tank Reactor
  • Steel Research
  • Sulfide Capacity