Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Interfacial reactions in titanium-matrix composites

  • 40 Accesses

  • 36 Citations


A study of the interfacial reaction characteristics of SiC fiber-reinforced titanium aluminide and disordered titanium alloy composites has determined that the matrix alloy compositions affect the microstructure and the distribution of the reaction products, as well as the growth kinetics of the reaction zones. The interfacial reaction products in the ordered titanium aluminide composite are more complicated than those in the disordered titanium-alloy composite. The activation energy of the interfacial reaction in the ordered titanium aluminide composite is also higher than that in the disordered titanium alloy composite. Designing an optimum interface is necessary to enhance the reliability and service life at elevated temperatures.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    P.R. Smith and F.H. Froes, “Developments in Titanium Metal Matrix Composites,” Journal of Metals, 36(3) (1984), pp. 19–26.

  2. 2.

    H.A. Lipsitt, “Titanium Aluminides—An Overview,” High-Temperature Ordered Intermetallic Alloys, ed. C.C. Koch, N.S. Stoloffand C.T. Liu (Pittsburgh, PA: MRS, 1985), pp. 351–364.

  3. 3.

    P.L. Martin, H.A. Lipsitt, N.T. Nuhfer and J.C. Williams, “The Effect of Alloying on the Microstructure and Properties of Ti!!!3!!Al and TiAl,” Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Titanium (Japan, 1980), pp. 1245–1254.

  4. 4.

    A. Khataee, H.M. Flower and D.R.F. West, “New Titanium-Aluminum-X Alloys for Aerospace Applications,” Journal of Materials Engineering, 10(1) (1988), pp. 37–44.

  5. 5.

    P.K. Brindley, “SiC Reinforced Aluminide Composites,” High-Temperature Ordered Intermetallic Alloys II, ed. N.S. Stoloff, C.C. Koch, C.T. Liu and O. Izumi(Pittsburgh, PA: MRS, 1987), pp. 419–426.

  6. 6.

    P. Martineau, R. Pailler, M. Lahaye and R. Naslain, “SiC Filament/Titanium Matrix Composites Regarded as Model Composites, Part II Fiber/Matrix Chemical Interactions at High Temperatures,” Journal of Materials Science, 19 (1984), pp. 2749–2770.

  7. 7.

    C.G. Rhodes, A.K. Ghosh and R.A. Spurling, “Ti-6Al-4V-2Ni as a Matrix Material for a SiC-Reinforced Composites,” Metallurgical Transactions, 18A (1987), pp. 2151–2156.

  8. 8.

    J.-M. Yang and S.M. Jeng, “Interfaces in SiC Fiber Reinforced Titanium Aluminide Matrix Composites,” Scripta Metallurgica, 23(9) (1989), pp. 1559–1564.

  9. 9.

    S.M, Jeng, C.J. Shih, W. Kai and J.-M. Yang, “Interface Reaction Studies of B!!!4!!C/B and SiC/B Fiber-Reinforced Ti!!!3!!Al Matrix Composites,” Materials Science and Engineering, A114(1989), pp. 189–196.

  10. 10.

    S.M. Jeng and J.-M. Yang, “Kinetics of Interfacial Reactions in Fiber-Reinforced Ti!!!3!!Al + Nb Matrix Composites,” Proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Composite Materials (Beijing, 1989), in press.

  11. 11.

    J.-M. Yang and S.M. Jeng, “Interfacial Development in SiC Fiber-Reinforced Titanium Aluminide Matrix Composites,” High Temperature Composites (Dayton, OH: American Society for Composites, 1989), pp. 42–50.

  12. 12.

    S.F. Baumann, P.K. Brindley and S.D. Smith, “Reaction Zone Microstructure in a Ti!!!3!!Al + Nb/SiC Composite,” Metallurgical Transactions (1989), in press.

  13. 13.

    C.G. Rhodes, R.A. Spurling and A.R. Amato, “Fiber/Matrix Interactions in SiC Reinforced Titanium Aluminide,” paper presented at the American Society for Composites, Symposium on High Temperature Composites, Dayton, OH, June, 15, 1989.

  14. 14.

    C.G. Rhodes and R.A. Spurling, “Fiber-Matrix Reaction Zone Growth Kinetics in SiC-Reinforced Ti-6Al-4V as Studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy,” Recent Advances in Composites in the United States and Japan, ASTM STP 864, ed. J.R. Vinson and M. Taya (Philadelphia, PA: ASTM, 1985), pp. 585–599.

  15. 15.

    W.D. Brewer and J. Unnam, “Metallurgical and Tensile Property Analysis of Several Silicon Carbide/Titanium Composite Systems,” Mechanical Behavior of Metal Matrix Composites, ed. J.E. Hack and M.F. Amateau (Warrendale, PA: TMS, 1983), pp. 39–50.

  16. 16.

    A. Metcalfe, Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites, ed. A. Metcalfe (New York: Academic Press, 1974), pp. 65–123.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yang, J.-., Jeng, S.M. Interfacial reactions in titanium-matrix composites. JOM 41, 56–59 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03220385

Download citation


  • Titanium Alloy
  • Reaction Zone
  • Interfacial Reaction
  • TiAl3
  • Titanium Aluminide