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Combined thoracic aortic or upper digestive tract resection for lung cancer and malignant mediastinal tumor

Abstract

Objective: We studied possible indications and combined resection in patients with lung cancer and mediastinal tumors requiring combined thoracic aortic or upper digestive tract resection.Methods: Ten patients with lung cancer and malignant mediastinal tumors (9 men and 1 woman aged 39 to 72 years; mean: 60.5) underwent combined aortic or upper digestive tract resection.Results: Fiv — 3 with primary lung cancer, 1 with thymic cancer, and 1 with liposarcoma —, underwent combined aortic resection. In 2 each, lung cancer and malignant mediastinal tumor had infiltrated the thoracic aorta. The remaining case of lung cancer was complicated by aortic aneurysm in the distal arch. Cardiopulmonary bypass was conducted in 4, and selective cerebral perfusion in 2. Three patients are alive after 11, 22, and 61 months without disease recurrence. Those undergoing combined upper digestive tract resection all had lung cancer, with 4 having tumors infiltrating the esophagus or corpus ventriculi. The remaining patient had both lung and esophageal cancer. The patient treated with combined corpus ventriculi resection has survived 24 months and the patient treated with combined esophageal resection has survived 12 months without disease recurrence. The 1-year survival rate was 60%, 2-year 23%, and 3-year 23%. Prognosis was generally poor with the longest survival 13 months with N2 lung cancer.Conclusions: In combined resection due to malignant mediastinal tumor, T4N0-1 lung cancer, or diseases such as aortic aneurysm, prognosis can be expected to improve. Despite the often poor prognosis in T4N2 lung cancer, surgical intervention may be indicated to avoid complications due to tumor invasion and to lengthen survival and improve quality of life.

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Author information

Correspondence to Kunihiro Oyama.

Additional information

Read at the Fifty-first Annual Meeting of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery, Symposium Tokyo, October 2–4, 1998.

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Oyama, K., Onuki, T., Mae, M. et al. Combined thoracic aortic or upper digestive tract resection for lung cancer and malignant mediastinal tumor. Jpn J Thorac Caridovasc Surg 48, 9–15 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03218079

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Index words

  • lung cancer
  • malignant mediastinal tumor
  • aortic resection
  • upper digestive tract resection
  • cardiopulmonary bypass