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Changes in plasma free and sulfoconjugated dopamine in patients with congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac operation

  • Masanori Yoshizumi
  • Tetsuya Kitagawa
  • Yutaka Masuda
  • Takaki Hori
  • Takashi Kitaichi
  • Yoshihiro Ogawa
  • Itsuo Katoh
  • Hitoshi Houchi
Original Article
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Abstract

It has been suggested that plasma sulfoconjugated dopamine (DA) may serve as a source or reservoir for free DA in plasma. Moreover, it has also been reported that the plasma levels of conjugated DA may be used as an index predicting heart failure in patients with heart disease. Therefore, in the present study, we have measured the plasma levels of free and sulfoconjugated DA in patients with congenital heart disease who underwent total corrective operations. The patients were divided into two groups with (6 patients with tetralogy of Fallot, TOF) or without (5 patients with ventricular septal defect without pulmonary hypertension, VSD) cyanosis (mean age of 2.11 years). Blood samples were collected before and after operation from the patients, and plasma free and sulfoconjugated DA levels were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. Preoperative levels of free DA in patients in both groups were higher than the level in age matched control subjects. The plasma level of conjugated DA in TOF was higher than that in the controls and was the highest in VSD before operation. DA infusion early after operation caused a rise in plasma free and conjugated DA, however, the levels of increased free DA were lower in the VSD than in the TOF group. After discontinuing DA infusion, the plasma levels of free DA remained higher, while those of conjugated DA decreased to a level lower than the preoperative values in both groups. As the plasma levels of free and sulfoconjugated DA vary with hemodynamics, it was assumed that the difference in the plasma sulfoconjugated DA level between the groups before operation was due to the influence of pulminary blood flow on catecholamine homeostasis. Since the decrease in conjugated DA has been postulated to be an index of sustained heart failure, it is conceivable that it takes a long time for patients who underwent cardiac operations in infancy to recover from heart failure.

Index words

congenital heart disease dopamine sulfoconjugation deconjugation cardiac surgery 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Thoracic and Cadiovascular Surgery 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masanori Yoshizumi
    • 1
  • Tetsuya Kitagawa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yutaka Masuda
    • 1
    • 2
  • Takaki Hori
    • 1
    • 2
  • Takashi Kitaichi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshihiro Ogawa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Itsuo Katoh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hitoshi Houchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyThe University of Tokushima School of MedicineTokushimaJapan
  2. 2.Cardiovascular SurgeryThe University of Tokushima School of MedicineTokushimaJapan

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