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Self-incompatibility alleles in Polish wild pear (Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsd.): a preliminary analysis

Abstract

Wild pear (Pyrus pyraster, syn.P. communis var.pyraster) is thought to be one of the species that gave rise to all other members of the genusPyrus, although intraspecific hybridizations with cultivated varieties could cause the disappearance of original species characteristics. S-RNase alleles from 7 different wild pear individuals, collected from various regions of Poland, were cloned on the basis of the PCR method and nucleotide sequence analyses. The hypervariable (HV) region is responsible for allele-specific S-RNase activity in the self-incompatibility mechanism. The high level of polymorphism of its sequences may constitute a source of valuable phylogenetic information. From all individuals, 14 sequences were obtained successfully, and 9 of them were novel alleles. Phylogenetic analysis of these alleles was based on the amino acid sequence interpretation of coding regions and intron nucleotide sequences. The research conducted on a limited pool of availableP. pyraster alleles gives only an initial insight into possible S-RNase allele polymorphisms in wild populations. At this stage, the results do not confirm a strong influence of cultivated pear species on the wild pear.

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Correspondence to Ł. Wolko.

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Wolko, Ł., Antkowiak, W., Sips, M. et al. Self-incompatibility alleles in Polish wild pear (Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsd.): a preliminary analysis. J Appl Genet 51, 33–35 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03195708

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Keywords

  • Pyrus pyraster
  • self-incompatibility
  • S-alleles
  • S-RNase