Journal of Applied Genetics

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 177–184 | Cite as

Darwin’s contributions to genetics

  • Y. -S. LiuEmail author
  • X. M. Zhou
  • M. X. Zhi
  • X. J. Li
  • Q. L. Wang
Review Article


Darwin’s contributions to evolutionary biology are well known, but his contributions to genetics are much less known. His main contribution was the collection of a tremendous amount of genetic data, and an attempt to provide a theoretical framework for its interpretation. Darwin clearly described almost all genetic phenomena of fundamental importance, such as prepotency (Mendelian inheritance), bud variation (mutation), heterosis, reversion (atavism), graft hybridization (Michurinian inheritance), sex-limited inheritance, the direct action of the male element on the female (xenia and telegony), the effect of use and disuse, the inheritance of acquired characters (Lamarckian inheritance), and many other observations pertaining to variation, heredity and development. To explain all these observations, Darwin formulated a developmental theory of heredity — Pangenesis — which not only greatly influenced many subsequent theories, but also is supported by recent evidence.


Darwin genetics Pangenesis variation and heredity breeding 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. -S. Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • X. M. Zhou
    • 1
  • M. X. Zhi
    • 1
  • X. J. Li
    • 1
  • Q. L. Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Henan Institute of Science and TechnologyXinxiangChina
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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