Acta Theriologica

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 29–38 | Cite as

Colonization history of the Japanese water shrewChimarrogale platycephala, in the Japanese Islands

  • Masahiro A. Iwasa
  • Hisashi Abe


To evaluate the intraspecific evolutionary history and local differentiation of the Japanese water shrewChimarrogale platycephala (Temminck, 1842), we an a lyzed the mitochondrial cytochromeb (Cytb) sequence divergence for samples from 55 localities in the Japanese is lands of Honshu and Kyushu. According to phylogenetic trees based on theCytb data, there were fourCytb haplotype lineages, which showed rough affinities with geographic areas, namely, Eastern/Central Honshu, the Kinki District of Western Honshu, the Chugoku District of Western Honshu, and Kyushu. However, in the alpine areas of the boundary between the Kinki and Chugoku Districts, complicated distribution patterns of theCytb haplotypes were revealed. Considering the present data and geological history in the Quaternary, we hypothesized the following evolutionary scenario. First, differ entiation and division into four primary ancestral geographic colonies of the shrews occurred in hypothetical refugia in the mid — late Pleistocene. Subsequently, rapid expansion occurred and caused the complicated distribution patterns of theCytb haplotypes in the boundary areas owing to the complex topography during the late stage of the Quaternary.

Key words

Chimarrogale platycephala phylogeography colonization history cytochromeb gene 


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Copyright information

© Mammal Research Institute, Bialowieza, Poland 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahiro A. Iwasa
    • 1
  • Hisashi Abe
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Wildlife Science, Department of Animal Science and Resources, College of Bioresource SciencesNihon UniversityFujisawa, KanagawaJapan
  2. 2.Otaru, HokkaidoJapan

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