Acta Theriologica

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Home ranges and densities of medium-sized carnivores in south-east Finland, with special reference to rabies spread

  • Kaarina Kauhala
  • Katja Holmala
  • Wiebke Lammers
  • Julia Schregel
Article

Abstract

Home ranges and densities of medium-sized carnivores were studied in south-east Finland by radio tracking. The species studied included potential vectors of rabies: the raccoon dogNyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834), red foxVulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758), European badgerMeles meles (Linnaeus, 1758) and domestic catFelis silvestris catus (Schreber, 1777). Home ranges of badgers were largest (mean 14.7 km2) and those of cats smallest (1.5 km2). Home ranges overlapped largely, both within and between species. Most home ranges were larger and population densities lower in south-east Finland compared with those in Western Europe. The pooled density of medium-sized carnivores with overlapping home ranges was, however, high, which may indicate a high risk of a rabies epizootic in this multi-host community. Rabies might also spread rapidly to new areas, because of the large home ranges and, consequently, long dispersal distances.

Key words

Nyctereutes procyonoides Vulpes vulpes Meies meles Felis silvestris catus home range density rabies 

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Copyright information

© Mammal Research Institute, Bialowieza, Poland 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaarina Kauhala
    • 1
  • Katja Holmala
    • 2
  • Wiebke Lammers
    • 3
  • Julia Schregel
    • 4
  1. 1.Finnish Game and Fisheries Research InstituteTurku Game and Fisheries ResearchTurkuFinland
  2. 2.VantaaFinland
  3. 3.LeipzigGermany
  4. 4.OuluFinland

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