Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Trichothecene mycotoxins in kernels and head fusariosis susceptibility in winter triticale

  • 4 Accesses

  • 5 Citations


A single isolates ofFusarium graminearum Schwabe KF 366 andFusarium culmorum (W.G.Sm.) Sacc. KF 365 were used to infect 10 genotypes (9 lines and one cultivar) of winter triticale, 1 rye cultivar and 1 wheat cultivar, and amounts of mycotoxins in kernels were analysed at the same stage of development. One genotype of triticale CHD 353/79 and rye “Chodan” were found to be most resistant towards both species infection with lowest amount of mycotoxins (deoxynivalenol) content in kernels and also the lowest yield reduction. The most susceptible line CZR 142 cumulated in kernels about ten times higher amount of mycotoxins (up 53 mg DON/kg and 16 mg 3AcDON/kg, and 5 mg zearalenone/kg). GenerallyF, culmorum formed higher level of mycotoxins in kernels of infected heads thanF. graminearum. In kernels of more susceptible genotypes except deoxynivalenol, 3 acetyldeoxynivalenol and zearalenone also were present.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Chełkowski J, Visconti A, Bottalico A, and Solfrizzo M (1984) Formation of mycotoxins by Fusarium species from cereals in Poland. Phytopath medit 23: 43–46.

  2. 2.

    Mańka M, Visconti A, Cheikowski J, and Bottalico A (1985) Pathogenicity of Fusarium isolates from wheat, rye and triticale towards seedlings and their ability to produce trichothecenes and zearalenone. Phytopath Z 113: 24–29.

  3. 3.

    Mesterhazy A (1978) Comparative analysis of artificial inoculation methods with Fusarium spp on winter wheat varieties. Phytopath Z 93: 12–25.

  4. 4.

    Miller JD, Young JC, and Sampson DR (1985) Deoxynivalenol and Fusarium head blight resistance in spring cereals. Phytopath Z 113: 359–367.

  5. 5.

    Visconti A, Chełkowski J, and Bottalico A (1986) Deoxynivalenol and 3 — acetyldeoxynivalenol — mycotoxins associated with wheat head fusariosis in Poland. Mycotoxin Research 2: 59–64.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kiecana, I., Perkowski, J., Chełkowski, J. et al. Trichothecene mycotoxins in kernels and head fusariosis susceptibility in winter triticale. Mycotox Res 3, 53–56 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03192028

Download citation


  • Graminearum
  • Fusarium Head Blight
  • Trichothecene
  • Zearalenone
  • Deoxynivalenol