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Absolute bioavailability study in the dog with visacor, a new cardioselective beta blocking drug with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity

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The cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocking drμg Visacor (ICI 141,292) was dosed to six beagle dogs in a randomized cross-over manner. Five formulations were examined i.e. a 15 mg/kg intravenous solution, a 50 mg/kg oral solution, and 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg oral powder formulations. Whole blood and urine samples were collected at various times after each dose and analysed for parent drμg concentration by a high pressure liquid chromatography procedure. The urine samples were also analysed for parent drμg content after hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase.

The normalised intravenous blood levels of ICI 141,292 were found to decay tri-exponentially with a final phase elimination half-life of about 10 h. The computer fitted data showed the drμg to possess a high volume of distribution for both the central compartment (54% body weight) and whole body (1384% body weight) indicating the possibility of a high degree of metabolism. The drμg clearance following i.v. administration was 196 ml/min and the urinary recovery rate of parent drμg was 24% (unhydrolysed) and 40% following hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase.

Following oral dosing at 50 mgAg (as both powder (C) and solution (B)), 100 (D) and 200 (E) mg/kg (as powder) the systemic blood profiles were found to increase with dose. The mean peak blood level attained was 6± 1, 5± 1, 8± 1 and 14±1 μg/ml for formulations, B, C, D and E respectively. The systemic bioavailability of ICI 141,292 was only about 40%. The areas under the curves increased linearly with dose and the elimination phase half-life was unchanged with dose. The calculated half-life (7 h) was apparently shorter after oral administration than after intravenous administration (10 h) but this is probably an artefact dependent on the limit of detection of the assay procedure. At 50 mg/kg there were no significant differences in blood profiles or in the urinary excretion of drμg between the solution and powder formulations. However the overall systemic bioavailability was marginally higher with the powder.

These observations are consistent for a drμg which is cleared by both renal and hepatic elimination processes, which undergoes “first-pass” metabolism on oral dosing and, over the oral dose range studied, obeys linear pharmacokinetics. The significant increase in recovery of parent drμg, after hydrolysis of the urine with β-glucuronidase, indicates that the ICI 141,292 glucuronide conjμgate is present to a significant extent. The results also demonstrate that absorption of parent drμg from the gastrointestinal tract may not be complete.

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    McAinsh, J., Ferguson R.A., and Holmes, B.F., (1981): Trace — Organic Sample Handling Volume 10, 311 in Methodological Surveys, Ellis Horwood Limited and John Willy and Sons.

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Correspondence to James McAinsh.

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Visacor is a trade mark, the property of Imperial Chemical Industries PLC.

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McAinsh, J., Smith, R.P. & Ferguson, R.A. Absolute bioavailability study in the dog with visacor, a new cardioselective beta blocking drug with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity. European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 9, 129–139 (1984).

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Key words

  • Visacor
  • absolute bioavailability
  • dog