Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Basic data related to venous thromboembolism

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    ALPERT JS, SMITH R, CARLSON J, OCKENE IS, DEXTER L, DALEN JE. Mortality in patients treated for pulmonary embolism.JAMA 1976;256:1477–1480.

  2. 2.

    DALEN JE, ALPERT JS. Natural history of pulmonary embolism.Prog Cardiovasc Dis 1975;77:259–270.

  3. 3.

    DALEN JE, PARASKOS JA, OCKENE IS, ALPERT JS, HIRSH J. Venous thromboembolism. Scope of the problem.Chest 1986;89:370S-373S.

  4. 4.

    CARTER C, GENT M, LECLERC JR. The epidemiology of venous thrombosis chapter. In: COLMAN RW, HIRSH J, MARDE VJ, SALZMAN EW eds. Hemostasis and thrombosis. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1987, pp 1185–1198.

  5. 5.

    COON WW, WILLIS PW, KELLER JB. Venous thromboembolism and other venous disease in the Tecumseh community health study.Circulation 1973;45:839.

  6. 6.

    GJORES JE. The incidence of venous thrombosis and its sequelae in certain districts of Sweden.Acta Chir Scand 1956;2061:[Supp 1] 88.

  7. 7.

    HIRSH J, HULL RD. Natural history and clinical features of venous thrombosis chapter. In: COLMAN RW. HIRSH J, MAROER VJ, SALZMAN EW eds. Hemostasis and thrombosis. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1987, pp 1208–1219.

  8. 8.

    STAMATAKIS JO, KAKKAR VV, LAWRENCE D, BENTLEY PG. The origin of thrombi in the deep veins of the lower limb: a venographic study.Br J Surg 1978;65:[Suppl 7] 449–451.

  9. 9.

    KAKKAR VV, FLANK C, HOWE CT, CLARKE MB. Natural history of postoperative deep vein thrombosis.Lancet 1969;2:230–233.

  10. 10.

    LAGERSTEDT CI, FAGHER BO, OLSSON C-G, OQVIST BW, ALBRECHTSSON U. Need for long-term anticoagulant treatment in symptomatic calf-vein thrombosis.Lancet 1985;Sep:515–518.

  11. 11.

    OSTER G, TUDEN RL, COLDITZ GA. A cost-effectiveness analysis of prophylaxis against deep-vein thrombosis in major orthopedic surgery.JAMA 1987;257:203–208.

  12. 12.

    ADAR R, SALZMAN EW. Treatment of thrombosis of veins of the lower extremities.New Engl J Med 1975;292:348–350.

  13. 13.

    BERGQVIST D, JAROSZEWSKI H. Deep vein thrombosis in patients with superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg.Br Med J 1986;292:[No. 6521] 658–659.

  14. 14.

    HULL RD, HIRSH J, CARTER CJ, JAY RM, DODD PE, OCKELFORD PA, COATES G, GILL GJ, TURPIE AG, DOYLe DJ, BULLER HR, RASKOB GE. Pulmonary angiography, ventilation lung scanning and venography for clinically suspected pulmonary embolism with abnormal perfusion lung scan.Ann Intern Med 1983;98 [No.6] 891–899.

  15. 15.

    BROWSE NL, CLEMENSON G, CROFT DN. Fibrinogen detectable thrombosis in the legs and pulmonary embolism.Br Med J 1974;7:603.

  16. 15a.

    CORRIGAN TP, FOSSARD DP, SPINDLER J, ARMSTRONG P, STRACHAN CJL, JOHNSTON KW, KAKKAR W. Phlebography in the management of pulmonary embolism.Br J Surg 1974;67:484–488.

  17. 16.

    HULL RD, HIRSH J, CARTER CJ, JAY RM, OCKELFORD PA, BULLER HR, TURPIE AG, POWERS P, KINCH D, DODD PE, GILL GJ, LECLERC JR, GENT M. Diagnostic efficacy of impedance plethysmography for clinically suspected deep-vein thrombosis.Ann Int Med 1985;702:21–28.

  18. 17.

    GALLUS AS. Established venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.Clin Haematol 1981;70:583–611.

  19. 18.

    KISTER RL, BALL JJ, NORDYKE RA, FREEMAN GC. Incidence of pulmonary embolism in the course of thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities.Am J Surg 1972;724:169–176.

  20. 19.

    Urokinase pulmonary embolism trial: a national co-operative study.Circulation 1973;47:[Suppl 2] 1.

  21. 20.

    BELL WR, SIMON TL, DEMENTS DL. The clinical features of submassive and massive pulmonary emboli.Am J Med 1977;62:355.

  22. 21.

    BELL WR. SIMON TL. A comparative analysis of pulmonary perfusion scans with pulmonary angiograms: from a national co-operative study.Am Heart J 1976;92:700.

  23. 22.

    HIRSH J, MARDER VJ, SALZMAN EW, HULL RD. Preventing complications of venous thromboembolism. In: Hemostasis and thrombosis. COLMAN RW. HIRSH J. MAROER VJ. SALZMAN EW eds., Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1987, pp 1266–1272.

  24. 23.

    BARRITT DW, JORDON SC. Anticoagulant drugs in the treatment of pulmonary embolism: a controlled trial.Lancet 1960;7:1309.

  25. 24.

    BASU D, GALLUS A HIRSH J, CADE J. A prospective study of the value of monitoring heparin treatment with the activated partial thromboplastin time.N Engl J Med 1972;257:324.

  26. 25.

    KANIS JA. Heparin in the treatment of pulmonary thromboembolism.Thromb Diath Haemorrh 1974;32:519.

  27. 26.

    SALZMAN EW, DEYKIN D, SHAPIRO RM, ROSENBERG R. Management of heparin therapy.N Engl J Med 1975;292:1046.

  28. 27.

    HULL R, DELMORE T, GENTON E, HIRSH J, GENT M, SACKETT D, MclAUGHLIN D, ARMSTRONG P. Warfarin sodium versus low-dose heparin in the long-term treatment of venous thrombosis.N Engl J Med 1979;307:271–272.

  29. 28.

    HULL R, DELMORE T, CARTER C, HIRSH J, GENTON E, GENT M, TURPIE G, MclAUGHLIN D. Adjusted subcutaneous heparin is warfarin sodium in the long-term treatment of venous thrombosis.N Engl J Med 1982;300:189–194.

  30. 29.

    HULL R. HIRSH J, JAY R. Different intensities of anticoagulation in the long term treatmeftt of proximal vein thrombosis.NEngl J Med 1982;307; [27] 1676–1681.

  31. 30.

    SALZMAN EW, HIRSH J. Prevention of venous thromboembolism chapter. In: Hemostasis and thrombosis. COLMAN RW, HIRSH J, MARDER VJ, SALZMAN EW (eds), Philadelphia; JB Lippincott, 1987, pp 1252–1265.

  32. 31.

    HULL RD, RASKOB GE, HIRSH J. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism.Chest 1986;59:374S-383S.

  33. 32.

    Prevention of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. NIH consensus conference.JAMA 1986;256:744–749.

  34. 33.

    ClAGETT GP, REISCH JS. Prevention of venous thromboembolism in general Surgery patients: results of meta-analysis.Ann Surg 1988, in press.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to G. Patrick Clagett MD.

About this article

Cite this article

Clagett, G.P. Basic data related to venous thromboembolism. Annals of Vascular Surgery 2, 402–405 (1988).

Download citation

Key Words

  • Venous thromboembolism