Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Evaluation of factors influencing survival in ruptured aortic aneurysms

  • 5 Accesses


During the six year period ending in December 1986, 103 patients with ruptured abdominal aneurysms presented to the unit. Ninety-two patients underwent surgery with a mortality of 39%. There was an increase in mortality with preoperative risk factors, extent of surgery, prolonged stay in ICU, complications and amount of blood transfused. However, only the latter was statistically significant. Age, the distance traveled by the patient before arrival at the hospital, systolic blood pressure on presentation and duration of operation did not affect the mortality.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    HOPKINS NFG. Abdominal aortic aneurysms.Br Med J 1987;294:790–791.

  2. 2.

    INGOLBY CJH, WUJANTO R, MITCHELL JE. Impact of vascular surgery on community mortality from ruptured aortic aneurysms.Br J Surg 1986;73:551–553.

  3. 3.

    CASTLEDEN WM, MERCER JC, Members of the West Australia Vascular Service. Abdominal aortic aneurysms in Western Australia: descriptive epidemiology and patterns of rupture.Br J Surg 1985;72:109–112.

  4. 4.

    JOHANSSON G, SWEDENBORG J. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms: a study of incidence and mortality.Br J Surg 1986;73:101–103.

  5. 5.

    MELTON LJ, BICKERSTAFF LK, HOLLIER LH, VAN PEENEN HJ, LIE JT, PAIROLERO PC, CHERRY KJ, O’FALLON WM. Changing incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms -a population based study.Am J Epidemiol 1984;120:379–386.

  6. 6.

    FIELDING JWL, BLACK J, ASHTON F, SLANEY J. Ruptured aortic aneurysms: postoperative complications and their aetiology.Br J Surg 1984;71:487–491.

  7. 7.

    LAWRIE GM, MORRIS GC, CRAWFORD ES, HOWELL JF, WHISENNAND HH, BADAMI JP, STOREY SS, STARR DS. Improved results of operation for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.Surgery 1979;85:483–488.

  8. 8.

    HOFFMAN M, AVELLONE JC, PLECHA FR, RHOADES RS, DONOVAN DL, BEVEN EG, DEPALMA RG, FRISCH JA. Operation for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms: A community-wide experience.Surgery 1982;91:597–602.

  9. 9.

    HIATT JCG, BARKER WF, MACHLEDER HI, BAKER JD, BUSUTTIL RW, MOORE WS. Determinants of failure in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.Arch Surg 1984;119:1264–1268.

  10. 10.

    CAMPBELL WB, COLLIN J, MORRIS PJ. The mortality of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Ann R Coll Surg Eng 1986;68:275–278.

  11. 11.

    EVANS WE. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.Ohio State Med J 1971;67:913–915.

  12. 12.

    GARDNER RJ, GARDNER NL, TARNAY TJ, WARDEN HE, JAMES EC, WATNE AL. The surgical experience and a one to sixteen year follow-up of 277 abdominal aortic aneurysms.Am J Surg 1978;135:226–230.

  13. 13.

    GRAHAM AL, NAJAFI H, DYE WS, JAVID H, HUNTER JA, JULIAN OC. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: surgical treatment.Arch Surg 1968;97:1024–1031.

  14. 14.

    CHIARIELLO L, REUL GJ, WUKASCH DC, SANDIFORD FM, HALLMAN GL, COOLEY DA. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: Treatment and review of eighty seven patients.Am J Surg 1974;77:735–738.

  15. 15.

    WAKEFIELD TW, WHITEHOUSE WM, WU SC, ZELENOCK GB, CRONENWETT, JL, ERLANDSON EE, KRAFT DO, LINDENAUER ML, STANLEY JC. Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture: Statistical analysis of factors affecting outcome of surgical treatment.Surgery 1982;91:586–596.

  16. 16.

    HILDEBRAND HD, FRY PD. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.Surgery 1975;77:540–544.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to R. Vohra FRCS.

About this article

Cite this article

Vohra, R., Abdool-Carrim, A.T.O., Groome, J. et al. Evaluation of factors influencing survival in ruptured aortic aneurysms. Annals of Vascular Surgery 2, 340–344 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03187481

Download citation

Key Words

  • Ruptured abdominal aneurysms
  • aneurysms, survival factor