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Jc enhancement by partial melting in BSCCO 2223 ceramics

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The application of partial melting techniques to the densification of BSCCO 2223 ceramics is presented. A new method has been developed, that avoids the peritectic decomposition of the 2223 phase and exploits the existence of a limited region of the phase diagram, occurring for composition richer in Ca and Cu, in which this phase is the only BSCCO phase coexisting with the liquid. This allows the densification process assisted by the liquid phase, limiting at the same time the formation of undesired intergrowths of lower Tc phases. In comparison with the usually adopted processes, the new method results in a dramatic decrease of the post-treatment times, which are typically limited to a few hours. By optimising the thermal as well as the temporal parameters governing a standard two-steps procedure, values of Jc of the order of 103 A cm-2, at 77 K, can be obtained for a global process time not exceeding 6 hours.

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Correspondence to M. Marchetta or L. Dimesso or A. Migliori or R. Masini or G. Calestani.

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Marchetta, M., Dimesso, L., Migliori, A. et al. Jc enhancement by partial melting in BSCCO 2223 ceramics. Nouv Cim D 19, 1123–1129 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03185400

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PACS 74.62.Bf

  • Effects of material synthesis
  • crystal structure and chemical composition

PACS 01.30.Cc

  • Conference proceedings