Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 46, Issue 15, pp 1258–1264

Two new ornithurine birds from the Early Cretaceous of western Liaoning, China

  • Zhonghe Zhou
  • Fucheng Zhang

DOI: 10.1007/BF03184320

Cite this article as:
Zhou, Z. & Zhang, F. Chin. Sci. Bull. (2001) 46: 1258. doi:10.1007/BF03184320


We describe two new ornithurine birds from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, northeast China:Yanornis martini gen. et sp. nov. andYixianornis grabaui gen. et sp. nov. They represent the best fossil record of ornithurine birds known from the Early Cretaceous. They are more advanced than the most primitive ornithurineLiaoningornis, and are more similar to the other two Chinese Early Cretaceous ornithurinesChaoyangia andSonglingornis. Compared withConfuciusornis, Liaoxiornis andEoenantiornis from the same age, the two new birds show remarkable advanced characteristics and suggest the presence of powerful flight capability like modern birds. Compared withYixianornis andChaoyangia, Yanornis is larger, with a more elongated skull and relatively long wings. The new discoveries indicate that by the Early Cretaceous both enantiornithine and ornithurine birds had already radiated significantly. The flight structures ofYanornis andYixianornis are hardly distinguishable from those of modern birds; however, both retain a few primitive traits such as teeth on the jaws, wing claws and pubic symphysis, which exclude them from being the most recent ancestor of all extant birds.


Ornithurae origin radiation Jiufotang Formation Yanornis Yixianornis 

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhonghe Zhou
    • 1
  • Fucheng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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