A time-resolved quadrupole mass spectrometric study on 355 nm laser ablated species ejected from LiMn2O4
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Mass, velocity and angle distributions of the ablated species generated from 355 nm pulsed laser ablation of a LiMn2O4 target were investigated with an angle- and time-resolved mass spectrometric technique. Both neutral and ionic species of Li, O, LiO, LiO2, Mn, Li2, Li4, Li6, LiMn, MnO and MnO2 were observed at the laser fluence of 0.8 J · cm-2. The yield and variety of the ablated species increase with increasing the laser fluence. The time-of-flight spectra of ablated species can be fitted by a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with a center-of-mass velocity. There exist laser fluence thresholds for the ablated LiMn, Li2O and LiO2 species, and the fluence threshold of ionic species is higher than that of neutral species. The angular distributions of the ionic and neutral ablated species can be simulated by a cosηθ or a bicosine function α cosθ + (1-α) cosηθ. In addition, the ablation mechanism of LiMn2O4 by a 355 nm pulsed laser is discussed.
KeywordsLiMn2O4 laser ablation TOF angular distribution
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