Journal of Visualization

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 127–134 | Cite as

3D simulation and visualization of unsteady wake flow behind a cylinder

  • Osawa Y. 
  • Tezduyar T. 


In this paper we focus on 3D simulation of unsteady wake flow behind a circular cylinder. We show that in addition to accurate formulations and sufficiently-refined meshes, efficient computing methods are essential components of an effective simulation strategy. We use the Multi-Domain Method (MDM) we developed recently in computation of two cases. At Reynolds number 300, we demonstrate how the MDM enables us to use highly-refined meshes to capture wake patterns which we otherwise cannot fully represent. At Reynolds number 140, we show that with the MDM we can extend our computations sufficiently downstream, and with sufficient accuracy, to successfully capture the second phase of the Karman vortex street, which has been observed in laboratory experiments, and which has double the spacing between the vortices compared to the first phase.


unsteady wake flow multi-domain method vortex shedding 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1] S. Taneda, “Downstream development of the wakes behind cylinder,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 14 (1959), 843–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2] T. Matsui and M. Okude, “Formation of the secondary vortex street in the wake of a circular cylinder,” in Structure of Complex Turbulent Shear Flow, (1983), 156-164.Google Scholar
  3. [3] J. M. Cimbala, H. M. Nagib, and A. Roshko, “Large structure in the far wakes of two-dimensional bluff bodies,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 190 (1988), 265–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4] O. Inoue, T. Yamazaki, and T. Bisaka, “Numerical simulation of forced wakes around a cylinder,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 16 (1995), 327–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5] C.H.K. Williamson, “Vortex dynamics in the cylinder wake,” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 28 (1996), 477–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6] V. Kalro and T. E. Tezduyar, “Parallel 3D computation of unsteady flows around circular cylinder,” Parallel Computing, 23 (1997), 1235–1248.zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. [7] Y. Osawa, V. Kalro, and T. E. Tezduyar, “Multi-domain parallel computation of wake flows around secondary objects,” in Proceedings of the Fourth Japan-US Symposium on Finite Element Methods in Large-Scale Computational Fluid Dynamics, (1998).Google Scholar
  8. [8] Y. Osawa, V. Kalro, and T. E. Tezduyar, “Multi-domain parallel computation of wake flows,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 174 (1999), 371–391.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9] Y. Osawa and T. E. Tezduyar, “A multi-domain method for 3D computation of wake flow behind a circular cylinder,” Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 8 (1999), 296–308.Google Scholar
  10. [10] A. N. Brooks and T. J. R. Hughes, “Streamline upwind/Petrov-Galerkin formulations for convection dominated flows with particular emphasis on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 32 (1982), 199–259.zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. [11] T. E. Tezduyar, “Stabilized finite element formulations for incompressible flow computations,” Advances in Applied Mechanics, 28 (1991), 1–44.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Visualization Society of Japan 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osawa Y. 
    • 1
  • Tezduyar T. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Army HPC Research CenterRice University-MSHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations