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Screening of plant growth promoting traits ofBacillus thuringiensis

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the plant growth promoting (PGP) potential ofBacillus thuringiensis. In this context, several genetic determinants of factors implicated in PGP potential were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 16B. thuringiensis strains of different origin and belonging to different subspecies. PCR screening was performed on acid phosphatase, phytase, siderophore biosynthesis protein, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase and indolpyruvate decarboxylase (ipdC). Production of indol acetic acid (IAA)-like compounds and of ACC deaminase, and capability of solubilising mineral phosphate were investigated by phenotypic tests. All the strains were PCR positive for the presence of the siderophore biosynthesis protein, ACC deaminase and acid phosphatase genes. Five and seven strains gave an amplicon with the expected length for the phytase andipdC genes respectively. All the strains produced IAA compounds and seven had a high capacity to solubilise inorganic phosphorous. Qualitative phenotypic test for ACC deaminase activity showed that seven strains are able to grow on salt minimal medium containing ACC as sole nitrogen source, indicating the expression of theaccd genes. Our screening results in thirteen strains having more than one PGP trait and showed thatB. thuringiensis harbours and expresses several PGP determinants that could be very interesting in field application to enhance the plant growth. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the multiple plant growth promoting potential ofB. thuringiensis.

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Correspondence to Daniele Daffonchio.

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Raddadi, N., Cherif, A., Boudabous, A. et al. Screening of plant growth promoting traits ofBacillus thuringiensis . Ann. Microbiol. 58, 47–52 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179444

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Key words

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • PGPR
  • IAA
  • ACCD