Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 45–119 | Cite as

Petrophysics of a dolostone reservoir: San Andres Formation (Permian), west Texas

  • Swapan K. Ghosh
  • Gerald M. Friedman


Capillary Pressure Anhydrite Dolomitization Wackestone Ooids 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ABELSON, P.H., 1987, Petroleum Research Centers, Science: v. 237, p. 117.Google Scholar
  2. ADAMS, J.E. and RHODES, M.L., 1960, Dolomitization by seepage refluxion: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 44, p. 1912–1920.Google Scholar
  3. AMTHOR, J.E., KOPASKA-MERKEL, D.C. and FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1988, Reservoir characterization, porosity, and recovery efficiency of deeply-buried Paleozoic carbonates: examples from Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico: Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 3, p. 33–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ARCHIE, G.E., 1952, Classification of carbonate reservoir rocks and petrophysical considerations: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 36, p. 278–298.Google Scholar
  5. ARPS, J.J., 1964, Engineering concepts useful in oil finding: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 48, p. 157–165.Google Scholar
  6. ASCHENBRENNER, B.C. and ACHAUER, C.W., 1960. Minimum conditions for migration of oil in water-wet carbonate rocks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 44, p. 235–243.Google Scholar
  7. ASCHENBRENNER, B.C. and CHILINGAR, G.V., 1960, Teodorovich’s method for determining permeability from pore-space characteristics of carbonate rocks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 44, p. 1421–1424.Google Scholar
  8. AKER, P.A. and KASTNER M., 1981, Constraints on the formation of sedimentary dolomite: Science, v. 213, p. 214–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. BALL, M.M., 1967, Carbonate sand bodies of Florida and the Bahamas: Jour. Sed. Petrology, v. 37, p. 556–591.Google Scholar
  10. BARNES, V.E., CLOUD, P.E., DIXON, JR., L.P., FOLK, R.L., JONES, E.C., PALMER, A.R. and TYNAN, E.J., 1959, Stratigraphy of the pre-Simpson Paleozoic subsurface rocks of Texas and southeast New Mexico: Univ. Texas, Austin, Bureau Econ. Geol., Pub. 5924, 2 vols., 836 p.Google Scholar
  11. BATHURST, R.G.C., 1975, Carbonate sediments and their diagenesis. 2nd ed., Elsevier, 658 p.Google Scholar
  12. BEBOUT, D.G. and LEARY D.A., 1985, Depositional facies of San Andres and Grayburg formations and their control on porosity distribution and production — Dune Field, Crane County, Texas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 69, p. 141 (abs).Google Scholar
  13. BEIN, A. and LAND, L.S., 1982, San Andres carbonates in the Texas Panhandle: sedimentation and diagenesis with Magnesium-Calcium-Chloride brines: Bur. Econ. Geol. Report of Investigations, No. 121, 48 p.Google Scholar
  14. BERG, R.R., 1975, Capillary pressures in stratigraphic traps: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 59, p. 939–956.Google Scholar
  15. BORAK, B. and FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1981, Textures of sandstones and carbonate rocks in the world’s deepest wells: Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma: Sed. Geology, v. 29, p. 133–151.Google Scholar
  16. BROWN, H.W., 1951, Capillary pressure investigations: Petroleum Trans. (AIME.), v. 192, p. 67–74.Google Scholar
  17. BURDINE, N.T., GOURNAY, L.S. and RIECHERTZ, P.P., 1950, Pore size distribution of petroleum reservoir rocks: Trans Am. Inst. Min. Metal. Engr., (Petroleum Branch), v. 181, T.P. 2893, p. 195–204.Google Scholar
  18. CHILINGAR, G.V., MANNON, R.W. and RIEKE, H.H., eds., 1972, Oil and Gas Production from Carbonate Rocks. Elsevier, 408 p.Google Scholar
  19. CHOQUETTE P.W. and PRAY, L.C., 1970, Geological nomenclature and classification of porosity in sedimentary carbonates: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 54, p. 207–250.Google Scholar
  20. CHUBER, S. and PUSEY, W.C., 1972, Cyclic San Andres facies and their relationships to diagenesis, porosity and permeability in Reeves Field, Yoakum County, Texas,in J.G. Elam and S. Chuber, eds.: Cyclic sedimentation in the Permian Basin, West Texas Geological Society, Houston, p. 135–50.Google Scholar
  21. CLEMENT, J.H., 1985, Depositional sequences and characteristics of Ordovician Red River Reservoirs, Pennel Field, Williston Basin, Montana:in P.O. Roehl and P.W. Choquette, eds.: Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs. Springer-Verlag, p. 71–83.Google Scholar
  22. COALSOL, E.B., HARTMANN, J.D. and THOMAS, J.B., 1985, Rock types, pore types and hydrocarbon exploration: Bull. Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., v. 69, p. 845 (abs).Google Scholar
  23. DOE, 1987, Geoscience Research for Energy Security, (DOEPS-0056). Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  24. DONALDSON, E.C., CHILINGARIAN, G.V. and FEN, T.F., 1985, Enhanced oil recovery, I. Fundamentals and analyses. Amsterdam, Oxford, New York, Tokyo, Elsevier, Elsevier Developments in Petroleum Science 17A, 375 p.Google Scholar
  25. DOWLING, JR., P.L., 1970, Application of carbonate environmental concepts to secondary recovery projects: Soc. Petrol. Engr., AIME., Paper no., SPE 2987.Google Scholar
  26. —, 1975, Bivariate pore-size distributions of some sandstones: Jour. Colloid. Interface Sciences, v. 48, p. 129–135.Google Scholar
  27. DULLIEN, F.A.L., 1979, Porous Media, fluid transport and pore structure: Academic Press, 396 p.Google Scholar
  28. — and DHAWAN, G.K., 1974, Characterization of pore structure by a combination of quantitative photomicrography and mercury porosimeter: Jour. Colloid. Interface Sciences, v. 47, p. 337–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. DUMORE, J.M. and SCHOLS, R.S., 1974, Drainage capillary-pressure function and the influence of connate water: Jour. Soc. Petrol. Eng., Oct. issue, p. 437–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. EHRLICH, R., 1984, Strong transfer function links thin-section data to reservoir physics: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 68, p. 473 (abs).Google Scholar
  31. —, KENNEDY, S.K., CRABTREE, S.J. and CANNON, R.L., 1984, Petrographic image analysis, I. Analysis of reservoir pore complexes: Jour. Sed. Petrology, v. 54, p. 1365–1378.Google Scholar
  32. Elf-Aquitaine, 1982, Exploration for carbonate petroleum reservoirs. (Elf Aquitaine) — Translated, Revised, Updated, Wiley-Interscience, 213 p.Google Scholar
  33. ETRIS, E.L., BRUMFIELD, D.S., EHRLICH, R. and CRABTREE, S.J., JR., 1988, Relations between pores, throats, and permeability: A petrographic/physical analysis of some carbonate grainstones and packstones: Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 3, p. 17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. FOLK, R.L. and PITTMAN, J.S., 1971, Lengthslow chalcedony: a new testament for vanished evaporites: Jour. Sed. Petrology, v. 41, p. 1045–1058.Google Scholar
  35. FRANK, W.M., 1986, Sand-shale identification by computer: Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. Trans., v. 36, p. 111–119.Google Scholar
  36. FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1964, Early diagenesis and lithification in carbonate sediments: Jour. Sed. Petrology v. 34, p. 777–813.Google Scholar
  37. FRIEDMAN, G.M., CATTAFE, J. and BORAK, B., 1984, Deep-burial diagenesis of the Hunton (Late Ordovician to Early Devonian) Carbonates in the Anadarko Basin, p. 183–199,in Hyne, N.J., ed.: Limestones of the mid-continent, Tulsa Geol. Soc. Spec. Pub., No. 2, 440 p.Google Scholar
  38. —, REECKMANN, S.A. and BORAK, B., 1981, Carbonate deformation mechanisms in the world’s deepest wells (GKM): Tectonophysics, v. 74, p. 715–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. —, RUZYLA, K. and REECKMANN, S.A., 1981, Effects of porosity type, pore geometry and diagenetic history on the tertiary recovery of petroleum from carbonate reservoirs: Rept. no. DOE/MC/11580-5, U.S. Dept. of Energy, National Tech. Info Service, U.S. Dept. Commerce, Springfield, Va. 217 p.Google Scholar
  40. FRIEDMAN, G.M., and SANDERS, J.E., 1978, Principles of Sedimentology: John Wiley and Sons, 792 p.Google Scholar
  41. FRIEDMAN, G.M., GHOSH, S.K. and URSCHEL, S., 1989, Petrophysical characteristics from cores, porosimetry, and logs related to depositional environments and diagenetic overprint: A case study of dolostones of the Permian San Andres Formation, Mabee Field, West Texas,in Bebout, D.G. and Harris, P.M., eds.: Geology of the San Andres and Grayburg Formations. Bureau Econ. Geol., Univ. of Texas/Austin.Google Scholar
  42. FULLER, J.G.H., 1961, Ordovician and contiguous formations in North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and adjoining areas of Canada and United States: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 45, p. 1334–1363.Google Scholar
  43. GALLOWAY, W.E., EWING, T.E., GARRETT, C.M., TYLER, N. and BEBOUT, D.G., 1983, Atlas of major Texas oil reservoirs: Bureau Econ. Geol., University Texas-Austin, 139 p.Google Scholar
  44. GARDNER, K.L., 1980, Impregnation technique using colored epoxy to define porosity in petrographic thin sections: Can. J. Earth Sci., v. 17, p. 1104–1107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. GHOSH, S.K., UUSCHEL, S.F. and FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1987, Substitution of simulated wellcuttings for core plugs in the petrophysical analysis of dolostones: Permian San Andres Formation, Texas: Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 2, p. 95–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. HAM, W.E., 1969, Regional geology of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma,in Ham, W.E., ed., Regional geology of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma, Oklahoma Geol. Survey., Guidebook 17.Google Scholar
  47. HAM, W.E., ed., 1962, Classification of carbonate rocks. A symposium, Tulsa, Okla.: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Memoirs 1, 279 p.Google Scholar
  48. HARRIS, P.M., 1988, Carbonate facies and reservoir heterogeneity — the value of modern analogs: West Texas Geol. Soc. Bull., v. 27, p. 17.Google Scholar
  49. HIRSCH, R.L., 1987, Impending United States Energy Crisis: Science, v. 235, p. 1467–1473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. HOBSON, D.G., 1954, Some fundamentals of petroleum geology: Oxford University Press, London, 139 p.Google Scholar
  51. HOFFMAN, P., DEWEY, J.F. and BURKE, K., 1974, Aulacogens and their genetic relation to geosynclines, with a Proterozoic example from Great Slave Lake, Canada,in Dott, R.H. and Shaver, R.H., ed.: Modern and Ancient Geosynclinal Sedimentation: Soc. Econ. Paleontologists Mineralogists, Spec. Pub. 12, p. 38–55.Google Scholar
  52. HSU, K.J. and SCHNEIDER, J., 1973, Progress report on dolomitiation- hydrology of Abu Dhabi sabkhas, Arabian Gulf,in Purser, B.H., ed.: The Persian Gulf, Springer-Verlag, p. 402–422.Google Scholar
  53. HSU, K.J. and SIEGENTHALER, C., 1969, Preliminary experimentation on hydrodynamic movements induced by evaporation and their bearing on the dolomite problem: Sedimentology. v. 12., p. 11–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. HUBBERT, M.K., 1953, Entrapment of petroleum under hydrodynamic conditions: Bull. Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 37, p. 1954–2026.Google Scholar
  55. HUBBERT, M.K., 1956, Darcy’s law and the field equations of the underground fluids: Petroleum Trans. (AIME), v. 207, p. 229239.Google Scholar
  56. ILLING, L.V., 1954, Bahaman calcareous sand: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 38, p. 1–95.Google Scholar
  57. IMBT, W.C. and ELLISON, S.P., 1946, Porosity in limestone and dolomite petroleum reservoirs: Drilling and Production Practice: Amer. Petrol. Inst., New York, p. 364–372.Google Scholar
  58. IVANHOE, L.F., 1987, Impending Energy Crisis?, Science, v. 236, p. 763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. JARDINE, D., ANDREWS, D.P., WISHART, J.W. and YOUNG, J.W., 1977, Distribution and continuity of carbonate reservoirs: Jour. Petrol. Tech., July issue, p. 873–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. JENNINGS, J.B., 1987, Capillary pressure techniques: applications for exploration and development geology: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 71, p. 1195–1209.Google Scholar
  61. JODRY, R.L., 1972, Pore geometry of carbonate rocks — Basic geologic concepts,in Chilingar, G.V., Mannon, R.W. and Rieke, H.H., eds., Oil and gas production from carbonate rocks, Elsevier, p. 35–82.Google Scholar
  62. KERR, S.D. and THOMPSON, A., 1963, Origin of nodular and bedded anhydrite in Permian shelf sediments, Texas and New Mexico: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 47, p. 1726–1732.Google Scholar
  63. KLEMENT, K., 1971, Genetic classification of porosity formation and destruction in carbonate rocks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 55, p. 154.Google Scholar
  64. KOPASKA-MERKEL, D.C., 1987, Microporosity and production potential in ooids: Mesozoic and Paleozoic of Texas: Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 2, p. 125–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. LAI, F.S.Y., MACDONALD, I.F., DULLIEN, F.A.L. and CHATZIS, I., 1981, A study of the applicability of independent domain model of hysteresis to capillary pressure hysteresis in sandstone samples: Jour. Coll. and Interface Sciences, v. 84, p. 362–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. LAND, L.S., 1982, Dolomitization: Education Course Note Series No. 24; prepared for 1982 American Association of Petroleum Geologists Fall Education Conference, Denver, Colorado.Google Scholar
  67. LANGNES, G.L.,et al., 1985, Waterflooding:in E.C. Donaldson, G.V. Chilingarian and T.F. Yen, eds., Enhanced oil recovery, 1. Elsevier, p. 251–334.Google Scholar
  68. LARSON, R.G. and MORROW, N.P., 1981, Effect of sample size on capillary pressures in porous media: Powder Technol., v. 30, p. 123–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. LEVORSEN, A.L., 1967, Geology of petroleum, Freeman press, 724 p.Google Scholar
  70. LOUCKS, R.G. and ANDERSON, J.H., 1985, Depositional facies, diagenetic terranes, and porosity development in Lower Ordovician Ellenburger Dolomite, Puckett Field, West Texas,in Roehl, P.O. and Choquette, P.W., eds., Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs. Springer-Verlag, p. 1–19.Google Scholar
  71. LOW, J.W., 1977, Examination of well cuttings and the lithologic log,in LeRoy, L. W., LeRoy, D.O. and Raese, J.W., eds., Subsurface Geology, 4th Ed., p. 286–303.Google Scholar
  72. MAXWELL, R.W., 1959, Post-Hunton pre-Woodford unconformity in southern Oklahoma,in Petroleum Geology of southern Oklahoma, v. 2, Symposium by Ardmore Geol. Soc., Amer. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., p. 101–125.Google Scholar
  73. MAZZULLO, S.J., MAZZULLO, J. and HARRIS, P.M., 1985, Significance of eolian quartzose sands on emergent carbonate shelves: Permian of West Texas- New Mexico: Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bull., v. 69, p. 284 (abs).Google Scholar
  74. MCKENZIE, J.A., HSU, K.J. and SCHNEIDER, J.F., 1980, Movement of subsurface waters under the sabkha, Abu Dhabi, UAE, and its relation to evaporative dolomite genesis: Soc. Econ. Paleontologists Mineralogists Spec. Pub. No. 28, p. 11–30.Google Scholar
  75. MEISSNER, F.F., 1972, Cyclic sedimentation in Middle Permian strata of the Permian Basin, West Texas and New Mexico,in Elam, J.G. and Chuber, S., eds., Cyclic sedimentation in the Permian Basin. West Texas Geological Society, Houston, p. 203–232.Google Scholar
  76. MELROSE, J.C. and BRANDER, C.F., 1974, Role of capillary forces in determining microscopic displacement efficiency for oil recovery by waterflooding: Jour. Canadian Pet. Tech., v. 13, p. 54–62.Google Scholar
  77. MILLNER, S., 1976, Carbonate petrology and syndepositional facies of the Lower San Andres Formation (Middle Permian), Lincoln County, New Mexico: Jour. of Petrol. Geol., v. 46, p. 463–482.Google Scholar
  78. MONICARD, R.P., 1980, Properties of Reservoir rocks: Core analysis. Gulf Pub. Company Houston, 168 p. (Translated by David Berley).Google Scholar
  79. MORROW, N.R., 1970, Irreducible wetting phase saturations in porous media: Chem. Engr. Sci., v. 25, p. 1799–1815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. —, 1971, Small-scale packing heterogeneities in porous sedimentary rocks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 55, p. 514–522.Google Scholar
  81. MORROW, N.R., and HELLER, J.P., 1985, Fundamentals of enhanced recovery,in Donaldson, E.C., Chilingarian, G.V., Yen, T.F., eds., Enhanced Oil Recovery, Fundamentals and analysis. Elsevier, p. 47–74.Google Scholar
  82. MUNN, M.J., 1909, The anticlinal and hydraulic theories of oil and gas accumulation: Econ. Geol., v. 4, p. 509–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. MURRAY, R.C., 1960, Origin of porosity in carbonate rocks: Jour. Sed. Petrology, v. 30, p. 59–84.Google Scholar
  84. PATTERSON, R.J. and KINSMAN, D.J.J., 1982, Formation of diagenetic dolomite in coastal sabkha along Arabian (Persian) Gulf: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 66, p. 28–43.Google Scholar
  85. PICKELL, J.J., SWANSON, B.F. and HICKMAN, W.B., 1966, Application of air-mercury and oil-air capillary pressure data in the study of pore structure and fluid distribution: Jour. Soc. Pet. Engr., March issue, p. 55–61.Google Scholar
  86. PICKETT, G.R., and ARTUS, D.S., 1970, Production from logs of recoverable hydrocarbon volume, Ordovician carbonates: Williston Basin: Geophysics, v. 35, p. 113–123.Google Scholar
  87. PRUATT, M.A., 1975, The Southern Oklahoma aulacogen: A geophysical and geological investigation: M.S. thesis, Univ. Oklahoma, Norman, 59 p.Google Scholar
  88. PURCELL, W.R., 1949, Capillary pressures their measurement using mercury and the calculations of permeability therefrom: Petroleum Trans. (AIME), v. 1, Tech paper 2544, p. 39–48.Google Scholar
  89. RAMONDETTA, P.J., 1982A, Genesis and emplacement of oil in the San Andres Formation, Northern Shelf of the Midland Basin, Texas: Bureau Econ. Geol. Report of Investigation no. 116, Univ. Texas-Austin, 39 p.Google Scholar
  90. RAMONDETTA, P.J., 1982B, Facies and stratigraphy of the San Andres Formation, Northern and Northwestern shelves of the Midland Basin, Texas and New Mexico: Bureau of Economic Geology Report of Investigations No. 128, Univ. Texas-Austin, 56 p.Google Scholar
  91. REECKMANN, A. and FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1982, Exploration for carbonate petroleum reservoirs. (Elf Aquitaine) — Translated, Revised, Updated, Wiley-Interscience, 213 p.Google Scholar
  92. REITZEL, G.A. and CALLOW, G.O., 1977, Pool description and performance analysis leads to understanding Golden Spike’s miscible flood: Jour. Pet. Tech., July issue, p. 867–872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. ROBINSON, R.B., 1966, Classification of reservoir rocks by surface texture: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 50, p. 547–559.Google Scholar
  94. ROEHL, P.O., 1967, Stony Mountain (Ordovician) and Interlake (Silurian) facies analogs of recent low-energy marine and subaerial carbonates, Bahamas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull. v. 51, p. 1979–2032.Google Scholar
  95. ROSE, WALTER and BRUCE, W.A., 1949, Evaluation of capillary character in petroleum reservoir rock: Jour. Pet. Trans, (AIME) v. 1, (TP No. 2594) p. 127–142.Google Scholar
  96. ROSS, R.J., JR., 1976, Ordovician Sedimentation, western U.S.A.,in Bassett, M.G., ed., The Ordovician System, Proceedings of a Paleontological Assoc. Symp., Birmingham, England, Sept. 1974, Univ. of Wales Press and National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, p. 73–105.Google Scholar
  97. RUZYLA, K., 1985. Pore size distribution by analysis of back-scattered electron and fluorescence images: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 69 p. 304 (abs).Google Scholar
  98. — and FRIEDMAN, G.M., 1982, Geological heterogeneities important to future enhanced recovery in carbonate reservoirs of upper Ordovician Red River Formation at Cabin Creek Field, Montana: Jour. Soc. Pet. Engr. v. 22, p. 429–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. RUZYLA, K. 1985, Factors controlling porosity in dolomite reservoirs of the Ordovician Red River Formation, Cabin Creek Field Montana:in Roehl, P.O. and Choquette, P.W., eds., Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs. Springer-Verlag, p. 41–58.Google Scholar
  100. SCHENK, C.J. and RICHARDSON, R.W., 1985, Recognition of anhydrite dissolution: A cause of secondary porosity, San Andres Limestone, New Mexico and Upper Minnelusa Formation, Wyoming: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 69, p. 1064–1076.Google Scholar
  101. Schlumberger Log interpretation charts, 1972, volume I — principles. Schlumberger Limited, New York, 112 p.Google Scholar
  102. Schlumberger Log interpretation, volume II-applications, 1974, Schlumberger Ltd., N.Y., 116 p.Google Scholar
  103. Schlumberger, Log interpretation charts, 1984, Schlumberger Ltd., N.Y., 106 p.Google Scholar
  104. Schlumberger, 1987, Log interpretation, principles/application. Schlumberger Educational Services, 198 p.Google Scholar
  105. SCHMIDT, V., MCDONALD, D.A. and PLATT, R.I., 1977, Pore geometry and reservoir aspects of secondary in sandstone: Bull. Can. Pet. Geol., v. 25, p. 271–290.Google Scholar
  106. SCHROEDER, J.H., 1988, Spatial variations in the porosity development of carbonate sediments and rocks: Facies, v. 18, p. 181–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. SHINN, EUGENE A., 1983, Tidat Flat Environment,in Carbonate depositional environments: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 33, p. 171–210.Google Scholar
  108. SLOBOD, R.L., CHAMBERS, A. and PREHN, W.L., 1951, Use of centrifuge for determining connate water, residual oil, and capillary pressure curves of small core samples: Petroleum Trans., (AIME), Tech. Paper 3052, v. 192, p. 127–134.Google Scholar
  109. STOUT, J.L., 1964. Pore geometry as related to carbonate stratigraphic trap: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 48, p. 329–337.Google Scholar
  110. THOMEER, J.H.M., 1960, Introduction of a pore geometrical factor defined by the capillary pressure curve: Jour. Pet. Tech. Note 2057, March issue, p. 73–77.Google Scholar
  111. TODD, R.G., 1976, Oolite-bar progradation, San Andres Formation, Midland Basin, Texas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologist Bull., v. 60, p. 907–925.Google Scholar
  112. TYLER, NOEL, and FINLEY, R.J., 1988, Reservoir architecture — A critical element in extended conventional recovery of mobile oil in heterogeneous reservoirs: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 72, p. 255.Google Scholar
  113. WARDLAW, N.C., 1976A, Pore geometry in dolomites and its influence on capillary behavior: Symp. Advances in Petroleum Recovery;, Am. Chem. Soc. v. 21, p. 231–242.Google Scholar
  114. —, 1976B, Pore geometry of carbonate rocks as revealed by pore casts and capillary pressure: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 60, p. 245–257.Google Scholar
  115. —, 1980. The effects of pore structure on displacement efficiency in reservoir rocks and in glass micromodel: Soc. Petr. Engr., no. 8843., p. 345–352 (Paper presented at st SPE/DOE symp. on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Tulsa, Okla, April 20/23 1980).Google Scholar
  116. —, 1984. Rocks, pores and enhanced oil recovery: A geological challenge, 1984 distinguished lecture, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., Tulsa, OK., Produced by Science-Thru-Media Inc., N.Y.Google Scholar
  117. —, and CASSAN, J.P., 1978, Estimation of recovery efficiency by visual observation of pore systems in reservoir rocks: Bull. Can. Pet. Geol., v. 26, p. 572–585.Google Scholar
  118. — and CASSAN, J.P., 1979, Oil recovery efficiency and the rock-pore properties of some sandstone reservoirs: Bull. Can. Pet. Geol., v. 27, p. 117–138.Google Scholar
  119. —, and MCKELLAR, M., 1981, Mercury porosimetry and the interpretation of pore geometry in sedimentary rocks and artificial models: Powder Tech., v. 29, p. 127–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. —, and MCKELLAR, M. and LI, Y., 1988, Pore and throat size distributions determined by mercury porosity and by direct observation: Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 3, no. 1, 1988, p. 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. —, and TAYLOR, R.P., 1976, Mercury capillary pressure curves and the interpretation of pore structure and capillary behavior in reservoir rocks: Bull. Can. Pet. Geol., v. 24, p. 225–262.Google Scholar
  122. WASHBURN, E.W., 1921, Note on method of determining the distribution of pore sizes in porous materials: Proc. Nat. Acad. Science, v. 7, p. 115–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. WAYHAN, D.A., and MCCALEB, J.A., 1969, Elk Basin Madison heterogeneity — its influence on performance: Jour. Pet. Tech., Fabruary issue, p. 153–159.Google Scholar
  124. WICKMAN, J., 1978, The southern Oklahoma aulacogen,in: Structural style of the Arbuckle Region: Geological Society of America, South-Central Region, Field Trip 3, p. 8–41.Google Scholar
  125. YADAV, G.D., DULLIEN, F.A.L., CHATZIS, I., and MACDONALD, I.F., 1984, Microscopic distribution of wetting and non-wetting phases in sandstones during immiscible displacements: Soc. Pet. Engr., No. 13212, Paper presented at 59th Ann. Tech. Conf., Houston, 1984, p. 1–15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swapan K. Ghosh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gerald M. Friedman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeologyBrooklyn College of the City University of New YorkBrooklynU.S.A.
  2. 2.Northeastern Science Foundation, affiliated with Brooklyn CollegeCUNY Rensselaer Center of Applied GeologyTroyU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations