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International Journal of Early Childhood

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 24–36 | Cite as

Parent/teacher views of developmentally appropriate practices: A Hungarian perspective

  • Judit Szente
  • James Hoot
Articles

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to explore the beliefs of Hungarian teachers and parents of children in preschool and Grade 1 as they relate to the construct of developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) identified by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC, 1987, 1997). In order to overcome methodological problems inherent in many previous DAP studies, Q-methodology and interviews were utilized to collect, analyze and interpret the data. Fourteen teachers and 14 parents were included in the Q-methodology (7 teachers and 7 parents in each grade level). Follow-up interviews were conducted with 6 participants. Results of the study suggest three major viewpoints regarding DAP beliefs of the Hungarian participants. These included: (1) focusing on children’s individual development and learning, (2) focusing on teaching children according to the traditional teaching methods, and (3) focusing on respecting diversity in schools, in children, and in families. Recommendations for further research included: (1) teacher observations in addition to interviews, (2) exploring administrators’ views of DAP along with that of teachers and parents, and (3) extending the study into higher grade levels.

Keywords

Early Childhood Early Childhood Education Preschool Teacher Early Childhood Teacher Early Childhood Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resumen

El propósito de éste estudio fue explorar las creencias de maestras y padres Húngaros de niños en pre-escolar y Grado I que se relacionan con el constructo de Prácticas Apropiadas para el Desarrollo (DAP) identificadas por la Asociación Nacional para la Educción de los Niños Pequeños (NAEYC, 1987, 1997). A fin de resolver los problemas metodológicos inherentes a muchos estudios previos del DAP, se utilizaron la metodología-Q y entrevistas para recolectar, analizar e interpretar los datos. Se incluyeron catorce maestras y 14 padres en la metodolgía-Q (7 maestras y 7 padres de cada grado). Se condujeron entrevistas de seguimiento con 6 participantes. Los resultados del estudio sugieren tres principales puntos de vista con respecto a las creencias DAP de los participantes Húngaros. Estos incluyen los siguientes: (1) enfoque en el desarrollo individual y aprendizaje del niño, (2) enfoque en enseñar a los niños de acuerdo a los métodos de enseñanza tradicionales, y (3) enfoque en respetar la diversidad en las escuelas, los niños y sus familias. Las recomendaciones para futuros estudios incluyeron: (1) observaciones a las maestras además de las entrevistas, (2) explorar los puntos de vista de los adminsitradores acerca del DAP además de los de las maestras y padres, y (3) extender el estudio hacia grados superiores.

Résumé

L’opinion de parents et enseignants d’enfants en maternelle et cours préparatoire hongrois a été explorée quant à la notion de pratiques appropriées au développement (DAP), identifiées par l’Association Nationale pour l’Education des Jeunes Enfants (NAEYC, 1987, 1997). Afin d’éviter les problèmes méthodologiques présents dans de nombreuses études sur les DAP, la méthode Q et les interviews ont été utilisées pour recueillir, analyser et interpréter les données. Quatorze enseignants et quatorze parents ont participé à la méthode Q (7 enseignants et 7 parents à chaque niveau d’enseignement). Des interviews de suivi ont été conduites avec six participants. Il ressort de cette étude que les opinions des participants hongrois se centrent sur trois points de vue principaux: (1) le développement et l’apprentissage individuel des enfants; (2) l’enseignement à travers des méthodes traditionnelles; et (3) le respect de la diversité des écoles, des enfants et des familles. Il est recommandé qu’en suivi de recherche soient explorées (1) les observations des enseignants en sus des interviews, (2) les vues des administrateurs sur les DAP, et (3) que l’étude soit étendue aux niveaux d’enseignement supérieurs.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judit Szente
    • 1
  • James Hoot
    • 2
  1. 1.King Center Charter SchoolBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.University at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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