Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Modifying ready-made science activities

  • 44 Accesses

  • 2 Citations


Moving from a traditional didactic teaching approach to a student-centered inquiry approach to teaching as recommended byNational Science Education Standards is a challenging task for preservice teachers. The changing roles of the students and the teacher can be difficult to grasp and implement. To help our preservice teachers with these changes in their thinking and later in their teaching, students worked on modifying pre-existing science activities so that they would reflect the inquiry-based science advocated in the NSES. Students examined science texts, reworked activities, and assessed the new versions using a questionnaire.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Anderson, R. (1997). The science methods course in the context of the total teacher education experience.Journal of Science Teacher Education, 8(4), 269–282.

  2. Clough, M., & Clark, R. (1994). Cookbooks and constructivism.The Science Teacher, 61(2), 34–37.

  3. Ingram, M. (1993).Bottle biology. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.

  4. Keating, J., & Ihara, J. (1998). An integrated content/process approach to teaching science to elementary teachers.Journal of College Science Teaching, 27(3), 183–188.

  5. Kusnick, J. (1998). The STRATegy column for precollege science teachers: Inquiry into sand.Journal of Geoscience Education, 46, 288–291.

  6. Lynch, S. (1997). Novice teachers’ encounter with national science education reform: Entanglements or intelligent interconnections?Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 34(1), 3–17.

  7. Moscovici, H., & Nelson, T. (1998). Shifting from activitymania to inquiry.Science and Children, 36(1), 14–17+.

  8. National Research Council (NRC). (1996).National science education standards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  9. National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). (1983). Recommended standards for the preparation and certification of teachers of science at the elementary and middle-junior high school levels. (An NSTA position statement).Science and Children, 21(1), 65–70.

  10. Phillips, D. (1994).Sciencing. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.

  11. Tilgner, P. (1990). Avoiding science in the elementary school.Science Education, 74(4), 421–431.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Susan Everett.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Everett, S. Modifying ready-made science activities. J Elem Sci Edu 13, 23 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03176217

Download citation


  • PRESERVICE Teacher
  • Inquiry Base Science
  • Elementary Science Teacher
  • Method Student
  • Junior High School Level