Advertisement

Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 70–76 | Cite as

Dissolution seams: Some observations from the Proterozoic Chanda Limestone, Adilabad, India

  • Pradip K Bose
  • Subir Sarkar
  • S. K. Bhattacharyya
Articles

Abstract

The Proterozoic muddy carbonate turbidite beds in the Chanda Limestone, India are invariably differentiated gradationally into a lower seamed and an upper nonseamed layer. Inherited seamed and nonseamed layers within the autoclasts constituting the basal pebbly and bouldery mass-flow deposits indicate preburial origin of the seams. Upward increase in the thickness ratio between the intrabed seamed and nonseamed layers and general enlargement of the seams in the transgressive sequence preclude any correlation between seam generation and building of the sediment overburden.

Close δ13C and δ18O values obtained from the seamed- and nonseamed-layer couplets also exclude difference in diagenetic fluid composition as the cause for decoupling of every turbidite bed into layers of contrasting fabric. The paper lends support and suggests tangible modification to Eder’s (1982) model for depth-related differential dissolution of seafloor carbonates, and extends that to explain the origin of the bed-parallel pre-burial seams.

Lack of bioturbation and likely starvation of Precambrian deep carbonate basins should have favoured generation and preservation of pre-burial dissolution seams.

Keywords

Diagenesis Turbidite Dolomitization Planktonic Foraminifera Carbonate Dissolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ALLAN, J.R. and MATHEWS, R.K., 1982. Isotope signatures associated with early meteoric diagenesis:Sedimentology, v. 29, p. 797–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BATHURST, R.G.C., 1987, Diagenetically enhanced bedding in argillaceous platform limestone: stratified cementation and selective compaction:Sedimentology, v. 34, p. 749–778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. BERGER, W.H., 1967, Foraminiferal ooze. Solution at depth:Science, v. 156, p. 82–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. BERGER, W.H., 1968, Planktonic foraminifera: Selective solution and paleoclimatic interpretation:Deep Sea Research, v. 13, p. 31–43.Google Scholar
  5. BERGER, W.H., 1972, Deep sea carbonates: dissolution facies and age depth constancy:Nature, v. 236, p. 392–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. BOSE, P.K. and SARKAR, S., 1991, Basinal autoclastic mass flow regime in Precambrian Chanda Limestone Formation, Adilabad, Indi:Sediment. Geol. v. 73, p. 299–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. BYERS, C.W. and STASCO, L.E., 1978, Trace fossils and sedimentologic interpretation — McGregor Member of Platteville Formation (Ordpvician) of Wisconsin:Jour. Sediment. Petrol. v. 48, p. 1303–1310.Google Scholar
  8. CHAUDHURI, A., DASGUPTA, S., BANDYOPADHYAY, G., SARKAR, S., BANDYOPADHYAY, P.C. and GOPALAN, K., 1989, Stratigraphy of the Penganga Group around Adilabad, Andhra Pradesh:Geol. Soc. Ind. v. 34, p. 291–301.Google Scholar
  9. CHOQUETTE, P.W. and JAMES, N.P., 1987, Diagenesis in limestone-3. The deep burial environmen:Geoscience Canada, v. 14, p. 3–35.Google Scholar
  10. EDER, W., 1982, Diagenetic redistribution of carbonate, a process in forming limestone-marl limestone (Devonian and Carboniferous) Rheinisches Schiefergebrige, W. Germany,in Cyclic and event stratification (ed. by G. Einsele and A. Seilacher) Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, p. 98–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. EKDALE, A.A., and BROOMLEY, R.G., 1988, Diagenetic microlamination in chalk:J. Sediment. Petrol., v. 58, p. 857–861.Google Scholar
  12. FRIEDMAN, G.M., FABRICAND, B.P., IMBIMBO, E.S., BREY, M.E. AND SANDERS, J.E., 1968, Chemical changes in interstitial waters from continental shelf sediments:J. Sediment. Petrol. v. 38, p. 1313–1319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. FRIEDMAN, G.M. and GAVISH, E., 1971, Mediterranean and the Red Sea (Gulf of Aqaba) beach rocks. In: Carbonate cements (ed. by O.P. Bricker), The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press., p. 13–16.Google Scholar
  14. FRIEDMAN, G.M., ALI, S.A. and KRINSLEY, D.H. 1976, Solution of quartz accompaning carbonate precipitation in reef, example from the Red Sea:J. Sediment. Petrol. v. 46, p. 970–973.Google Scholar
  15. GARRISON, R.E., 1981, Diagenesis of oceanic carbonate sediments: a review of the DSDP perspective,in The Deep Sea Drilling Project: a Decade of Progress. (ed. R.G. Douglas and E.L. winterer) Spec. Publ. Soc. Econ. Paleont. Miner., v. 32, p. 181–207.Google Scholar
  16. GOMBERG, D.N. and BONATTI, E., 1970, High-magnesium calcite: Leaching of magnesium in the deep sea:Science, v. 168, p. 1451–1453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. HENDRY, J.P., 1993. Calcite cementation during bacterial manganese, iron and sulphate reduction in Jurassic shallow marine carbonates:Sedimentology, v. 40, p. 87–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. HESSE, R., 1986, Hydrochemistry, origin and evolution of subsurface fluids: I Early diagenetic pore-water evolution in low- sedimentation rate off-shore basin:Geochem. v. 5, p. 207–319.Google Scholar
  19. JAMES, N.P., and CHOQUETTE, P.W., 1984, Diagenesis 9. Limestones — the meteoric diagenetic environment:Geoscience Canada, v. 11, p. 161–194.Google Scholar
  20. LAMBE, T.W. and WHITMAN, R.V., 1969. Soil Mechanics. John Willey and Sons., Inc. New York, London, Sydney, Toronto, p. 452.Google Scholar
  21. MERINO, E., ORTOLEVA, P. and STRICKHOLD, P., 1983, Generation of evenly spaced pressure-solution seams during (late) diagenesis: a kinetic theory:Contri. Miner. Petrol. v. 82, p. 360–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. MORSE, J.W., ZULLING, J.J., BERSTEIN, L.D., MILLERO, F.J., MILNE, P., MUCCI, A., and CHOPPIN, G.R., 1985. Chemistry of calcium carbonate-rich shallow water sediments in the Bahamas:Am. Jour. Sci., v. 285, p. 147–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. PAULL, C.K. and THIERSTAIN, H.R., 1987. Stable isotopic fractionation among particles in Quaternary coccolith-sized deep-sea sediments:Paleoceanography, v. 2, p. 423–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. PATERSON, I.C., Prell, W.L., 1985, Carbonate dissolution in recent sediments of the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean: Preservation patterns and carbonate loss above the lysocline:Mar. Geol., v. 64, 259–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. PATERSON, M.N.A., 1966, Calcite: rates of dissolution in a vertical profile in the Central Pacific:Science, v. 154, p. 1542–1544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. RICKEN, W., 1986, Diagenetic bedding. Springer-Verlag, 210 p.Google Scholar
  27. SARKAR, S. and BOSE, P.K., 1989, Evolutionary record of an Epicontinental Basin: Proterozoic Penganga Group, India. 28th Int. Geol. Cong., Washington, D.C., U.S.A., V-3.Google Scholar
  28. SARKAR, S., 1990, Sedimentation and later mineralization against the relevant tectonic backdrop: Proterozoic Penganga Group, Adilabad, A.P., India (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Jadavpur University).Google Scholar
  29. SARKAR, S., 1991, Off-platform dolomitization in Proterozoic Chanda Limestone Formation, Adilabad, Andhra:Ind. Jour. Earth Sci, v. 18, p. 209–218.Google Scholar
  30. SARKAR, S., FRIEDMAN, G.M. and BOSE, P.K. 1993, Ordered, stoichiometric and suscrosic dolomitization: a result of prolonged exposure to warm sea water: Proterozoic Chanda Limestone, Adilabad, India:Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 8, p. 109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. ICHLAGER, W., and JAMES, N.P., 1978, Lowmagnesian calcite linestones forming at the deep-sea floor, Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas:Sedimentology, v. 25, p. 675–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. ICHWAB, W.C., and LEE, H.J., 1988, Causes of two slopefailure types in continental shelf sediment, Northeastern Gulf of Alaska:Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v. 58, p. 1–11.Google Scholar
  33. SIEVER, R., BECK, K.C. and BERNIER, R.A., 1965, Composition of interstitial watters of modern sediments:Jour. Geol., v. 73, p. 39–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. SIMPSON, J., 1986, Stylolite-controlled layering in an homogeneous limestone, Pseudobedding produced by burial diagenesis:Sedimentology, v. 32, p. 495–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. SINGER, A. and MULLER, G., 1983, Diagenesis in argillacenous sediments,in Diagneesis in sediments and sedimentary rocks 2 (ed. C. ILarsen, and C.V. Chillinger) Elservier, p. 115–212.Google Scholar
  36. STOW, D.A.V., HOWELL, D.G., and NELSON, C.H., 1985, Sedimentary, tectonic, and sea-level controls,in Submarine fans and related turbudite systems (ed. A.H. Bouma, W.R. Normak and N.E. Barnes) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, p. 15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. THIEDS, J. 1973, Planktonic foraminiferra in hemipelagic sediments Shell of Portugal and Moroco:Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 84, p. 2749–2754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. VAN STRAATEN, L.M.J.R., 1967, Solution of aragonite in a core from the South eastern Adratic Sea:Mar. Geol., v. 5, p. 241–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. WANLESS, H.R., 1979, Limestone ressponse to stress: pressure solution and dolomitization:Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v. 49, p. 437–462.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradip K Bose
    • 1
  • Subir Sarkar
    • 1
  • S. K. Bhattacharyya
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesJadavpur University CalcuttaIndia
  2. 2.Physical Research LaboratoryAhmedabadIndia

Personalised recommendations