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Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 108–121 | Cite as

The Permian carbonates in provence (Southeastern France)

  • Nadège Toutin-Morin
Article

Abstract

In SE France during the Late Paleozoic Era, detrital sedimentation took place in intermontane basins. The climate was hot and tropical; wet and dry periods alternated.

The deposits of these continental basins have been organized into sedimentary sequences (or formations). At the tops of sequences and in the central parts of the basins, fine sediments (argillites, laminites, micaceous flagstones, flood-plain clays) predominate. In lakes and shallow ponds, carbonate beds and lenses were deposited; locally, these contain microfaunal remains and Ostracoda. Concretions may be present in brown-red clays or in grey-green sandstones. These include nodules and septaria (Ambon and Mitan Formations in Estérel and Bas-Argens basins) or flattened calcareous concretions with authigenic analcite (Pradineaux and Muy Formations in the Bas-Argens Basin). They are inferred to be products of a palustrine environment.

Volcanism was widespread in the region. Such volcanism is inferred to have been responsible for warming the water temperature and thus making favorable conditions for carbonate to be precipitated. The interaction between volcanism and lake waters is also thought to have been responsible for the formation of analcite and some nodular carbonates.

Organic traces (footprints, trails, and burrows, silicified wood, pollen, and spores), are abundant. These imply that organisms flourished, a condition that likewise may have been propitious to the formation of carbonates.

In the Permian of Eastern Provence, as well as in other French Permian successions, nonmarine carbonate deposits are restricted in time and in space, but they are similar to some marine carbonates.

Key words

carbonate sedimentation carbonate concretions nonmarine Permian sedimentation Eastern Provence Southeast of France 

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Copyright information

© Springer 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadège Toutin-Morin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Géologie Structurale U.R.A. au C.N.R.S. no 1366Université d’OrléansOrléans Cedex 2

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