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Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 33–39 | Cite as

Elemental sulfur of bacterial origin in the lacustrine evaporites of the Polatli-Sivrihisar Neogene Basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey)

  • Erdogan TekinEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study reports occurrences of disseminated elemental sulfur in gypsum of the late Miocene Sakarya Formation in Polath-Sivrihisar Basin, located in the Central Anatolia Neogene Basins. Thin-section and scanning-electron microscope studies indicate that the sulfur minerals have three main morphologies including lacy, combined spheroidal-lobous, and flabellate-grape-like structures. Studies on the elemental sulfur occurrences suggest that the sulfur was formed by reduction of Sakarya Formation gypsum through the metabolic activities of sulphate-reducing bacteria. This observation is also supported by the trace-element concentrations obtained on both the gypsum and the elemental sulfur samples.

Keywords

Elemental sulfur Sulphate reduction Bacterial activity Polatli-Sivrihisar Basin Central Anatolia Turkey 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringAnkara UniversityTandogan, AnkaraTurkey

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