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Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 204–219 | Cite as

Holocene microbial tufas: Orissa State, India

  • Srikanta Das
  • Manmohan Mohanti
Article

Abstract

Holocene microbial tufas, dominantly of stromatolitic crusts, have been formed in a tropical setting of Orissa State, India. These occur as stratified crusts in various dispositions and are also associated with moss-rich deposits. Morphologically, these vary from planar laminated crusts to columnar growths.

Stromatolitic tufas are built with alternate lighter sparry and relatively darker micritic laminae in which possibly ‚Phormidium’, ‚Scytonema’ and ‚Schizothrix’ occur. Fibrous aragonite also occurs in microbial crusts radiating normal to laminae and at places forms bushy and spherulitic fabrics. Other microorganisms involved are diatoms, coccoid cyanobacteria, fungi and (?) bacteria.

Stable carbon and oxygen isotope values indicate precipitation from ambient temperature waters, possibly in partial disequilibrium condition. A biogenic contribution from the soil zone to the carbon pool seems very likely. The deposition is largely effected due to inorganic precipitation. Calcification of the microbial community due to heterogeneous nucleation and trapping by mucilaginous cyanobacteria has resulted in surficial mineralization. Precipitation differences associated with cyanobacteria have formed altermate sparry and micritic laminae. These may indicate a seasonal variation in deposition. *** DIRECT SUPPORT *** A00QA023 00006

Keywords

Aragonite Tufa Stromatolite Phormidium Microbial Crust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srikanta Das
    • 1
  • Manmohan Mohanti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUtkal UniversityBhubanewarIndia

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