Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 148–160 | Cite as

The Kaskaskia paleokarst of the northern Rocky Mountains and Black Hills, northwestern U.S.A.

  • Arthur N. Palmer
  • Margaret V. Palmer


The Kaskaskia paleokarst, part of the Mississippian-Pennsylvanian unconformity in North America, is typified by sink-holes, fissures, and dissolution caves at and near the top of the Kaskaskia Sequence (Madison Limestone and equivalents) and is covered by basal Absaroka siliciclastics (Chesterian to Morrowan). In the Rocky Mountains and Black Hills of the northwestern U.S.A. it post dates earlier features produced by sulfate-carbonate interactions, including breccias, dissolution voids, bedrock alteration, and mineralization. Both the paleokarst and earlier features have been intersected by post-Laramide caves. Ore deposits, aquifers, and petroleum reservoirs in the region are also concentrated along both the paleokarst horizons and earlier sulfate-related features. Each phase of karst modified and preferentially followed the zones of porosity and structural weakness left by earlier phases, producing an interrelated complex of now-relict features. All should be considered together to explain the present aspect of the paleokarst.


Calcite Gypsum Breccia Anhydrite Evaporite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur N. Palmer
    • 1
  • Margaret V. Palmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesState University of New YorkOneonta

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