Advertisement

Journal of Elementary Science Education

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 29–44 | Cite as

Teaching grade 5 life science with a case study approach

  • Ozlem Sila Olgun
  • Belgin Adali
Article

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a case study approach on students’ achievement and attitudes towards viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protista. Fifth-grade students (N=88) from two different classes were involved in the study. One intact class was assigned as the experimental group, whereas the other intact class was assigned as the comparison group. The comparison group students received their instruction by traditional teaching, whereas the experimental group students were instructed with a case study approach. Achievement and attitudes were measured before and after instruction. Results revealed that there were significant differences favoring the case study approach on students’ achievement and attitudes towards science.

Keywords

Traditional Instruction Case Study Approach Case Method Radical Constructivism Case Study Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albanese, M. A. (2000). Problem-based learning: Why curricula are likely to show little effect on knowledge and clinical skills.Medical Education, 34, 729–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albanese, M. A., & Mitchell, S. (1993). Problem-based learning: A review of literature on its outcomes and implementation issues.Academic Medicine, 68(1), 52–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arambula-Greenfield, T. (1996). Implementing problem-based learning in a college science class.Journal of College Science Teaching, 26(1), 26–30.Google Scholar
  4. Arellano, E. L., Barcenal, T. L., Bilbao, P. P., Castelano, M. A., Nichols, S., & Tippins, D. J. (2001). Case-based pedagogy as a context for collaborative inquiry in the Philippines.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 38(5), 502–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barden, L. M., Frase, A. P., & Kovac, J. (1997). Teaching scientific ethics: A case studies approach.American Biology Teacher, 59(1), 12–14.Google Scholar
  6. Barnet, C. (1998). Mathematics teaching cases as a catalyst for informed strategic inquiry.Teaching and Teacher Education, 14(1), 81–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barrows, H. S. (1986). A taxonomy of problem-based learning methods.Medical Education, 20, 481–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Birchall, D., & Smith, M. (1998). Developing the skills of technologists in strategic decision making: A multi-media case approach.International Journal of Technology Management, 15(8), 854–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bloom, B. S., & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956).Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals, by a committee of college and university examiners. Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: Longmans.Google Scholar
  10. Bredo, E. (1994). Reconstructing educational psychology: Situated cognition and Deweyian pragmatism.Educational Psychologist, 29(1), 23–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brink, C. P., Goodney, D. E., Hudak, N. J., & Silverstein, T. P. (1995). A novel spiral approach to introductory chemistry using case studies of chemistry in the real world.Journal of Chemical Education, 72(6), 530–532.Google Scholar
  12. Cheng, V. K. W. (1995). An environmental chemistry curriculum using case studies.Journal of Chemical Education, 72(6), 525–527.Google Scholar
  13. Cliff, W. H., & Curtin, L. N. (2000). The directed case method: Teaching concept and process in a content-rich course.Journal of College Science Teaching, 30(1), 64–66.Google Scholar
  14. Colliver, J. A. (2000). Effectiveness of problem-based learning curricula research and theory.Academic Medicine, 57(3), 259–266.Google Scholar
  15. Cornely, K. (1998). Use of case studies in an undergraduate biochemistry course.Journal of Chemical Education, 75(4), 475–478.Google Scholar
  16. Dori, Y. J., & Herscovitz, O. (1999). Question-posing capability as an alternative evaluation method: Analysis of an environmental case study.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36(4), 411–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dori, Y. J., Tsaushu, M., & Tal, T. R. (2003). Teaching biotechnology through case studies: Can we improve higher order thinking skills of nonscience majors?Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 87(6), 767–793.Google Scholar
  18. Driver, R. A. (1983).The pupil as scientist? Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Driver, R. A., Leach, J., Millar, R., & Scott, P. (1996).Young people’s images of science. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Elshafei, D. (1998). A comparison of problem-based and traditional learning in algebra II (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 1998).Dissertation Abstracts International, 60 1A.Google Scholar
  21. Faux, R. B. (1999).An examination of the effectiveness of case studies for acquisition and application of psychological theory. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  22. Fulmer, W. E. (1992). Using cases in management development programmes.Journal of Management Development, 11(3), 33–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gabel, C. (1999).Using case studies to teach science. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  24. Galey, W. R. (1998). What is the future of problem-based learning in medical education?Advances in Physiology Education, 20(1), 12–15.Google Scholar
  25. Gallagher, S. A. (1997). Problem-based learning: Where did it come from, what does it do, and where is it going?Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 20(4), 332–362.Google Scholar
  26. Gergen, K. J. (1995). Social construction and educational process. In L. P. Steffe & J. Gale (Eds.)Constructivism in education (pp. 17–39). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  27. Graham, A. K., Morecroft, J. D., Senge, P. M., & Sterman, J. D. (1992). Model-supported case studies for management development.European Journal of Operational Research, 59(1), 151–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Haladyna, T. M. (1997).Writing test items to evaluate higher order thinking skills. New York: Viacom Company.Google Scholar
  29. Harling, K. F., & Akridge, J. (1998). Using the case method of teaching.Agribusiness, 14(1), 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Herreid, F. C. (1994). Case studies in science: A novel method of science education.Journal of College Science Teaching, 23, 221–229.Google Scholar
  31. Jonassen, D. (1991). Objectivism versus constructivism: Do we need a new philosophical paradigm.Educational Technology Research and Development, 39(3), 5–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones, M. A. (1997). Use of a classroom jury trial to enhance students’ perception of science as part of their lives.Journal of Chemical Education, 74(5), 537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kinzie, M. B., Hrabe, M. E., & Larsen, V. A. (1998). An instructional design case event: Exploring issues in professional practice.Educational Technology Research and Development, 46(1), 53–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kolonder, J. L. (1993).Case-based reasoning. Mountain View, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.Google Scholar
  35. Lohman, M. C. (2002). Cultivating problem-solving skills through problem-based approaches to professional development.Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13(3), 243–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lohman, M. C., & Finkelstein, M. (2000). Designing groups in problem-based learning to promote problem-solving skill and self-directedness.Instructional Science, 28(4), 291–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Macpherson, K., Berman, T., & Joseph, D. (1996).Cases to courses: Mentored case-based training courses. Paper presented at the International Conference of Learning Sciences, Charlottesville, VA.Google Scholar
  38. Marsick, V. J. (1990). Experience-based learning: Executive learning outside the classroom.Journal of Management Development, 7, 43–53.Google Scholar
  39. McWilliam, P. J. (1992). The case method of instruction: Teaching application and problem solving skills to early interventionists.Journal of Early Intervention, 16(4), 360–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Norman, G. R., & Schmidt, H. G. (1992). The psychological basis of problem-based learning: A review of evidence.Academic Medicine, 67, 557–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Passmore, C., & Stewart, J. (2002). A modeling approach to teaching evolutionary biology in high schools.Journal in Research in Science Teaching, 39(3), 185–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Richmond, G., & Striley, J. (1994). An integrated approach: Implementing case study and team teaching curriculum.The Science Teacher, 61(October), 42–45.Google Scholar
  43. Sahin, T., Çakir, O. S., & Sahin, B. (2000).Sixth grade students’ attitudes toward science and social sciences, academic self concepts and cognitive learning levels (Project Report). Ankara Turkey: Educational Research Improvement Office.Google Scholar
  44. Shotter, J. (1995). In dialogue: Social constructionism and radical constructionism. In L. P. Steffe, & J. Gale (Eds.),Constructivism in education (pp. 41–56). HHillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  45. Staver, J. R. (1998). Constructivism: Sound theory for explicating the practice of science and science teaching.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 35(5), 501–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stepien, W., & Gallager, S. (1993). Problem-based learning: As authentic as it gets.Educational Leadership, 50(7), 25–28.Google Scholar
  47. von Glasersfeld, E. (1995).Radical constructivism: A way of knowing and learning. Washington, DC: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
  48. Waterman, M. A. (1998). Investigate case study approach for biology learning.Bioscene: Journal of College Biology Teaching, 24(1), 3–10.Google Scholar
  49. Whitenack, J. W., Knipping, N., Novinger, S., Coutts, L., & Standifer, S. (2000). Teachers’ mini-case studies of children’s mathematics.Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 3, 101–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wilcox, K. J. (1999). The case method in introductory anatomy and physiology: Using the news.American Biology Teacher, 61(9), 668–671.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ticaret Odasi Elementary SchoolTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationUniversity of Mustafa KemalGuzelkent Eryaman/AnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations