Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 67–74 | Cite as

Gypsum-carbonate laminites in a recent sabkha, Kuwait

  • H. A. Gunatilaka
  • D. J. Shearman
Petrophysics of Carbonate Reservoirs


Primary laminar gypsum, either alone or in couplets with carbonate and/or organic matter has been found in the supratidal zone of a carbonate sabkha in southern Kuwait. The laminites are confined to an area of abandoned, partly filled Holocene tidal channels in the supratidal zone, and not subject to regular tidal flooding at the present time. The gypsum unit is — 9–22 cm thick and the individual laminae are; a) — 1–5 mm in thickness, bounded by smooth to uneven or irregularly crenulated surfaces and b) of uniform thickness over short distances (1–2 m) and traceable for several meters. The laminae are composed of randomly oriented, fine sand to silt sized, occasionally reverse graded, lenticular gypsum crystals, which grew displacively in a host matrix and near to the sediment-brine interface. But for the limited vertical and lateral extent, they are rather similar to the supposedly sub-aqueous laminites so common in the stratigraphic record; their petrographic similarity suggests that no depth significance could necessarily be attached to laminites.


Gypsum Anhydrite Evaporite Kuwait Messinian 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ANDERSON, R.Y., DEAN, W.E., KIRKLAND, D.W., and SNIDER, H.I., 1972, Permian Castile varved evaporite sequence, West Texas and New Mexico: Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 83, p. 59–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BEGIN, Z.B., EHRLICH, A., and NATHAN, Y., 1974, Lake Lisan, the Pleistocene precursor of the Dead Sea: Geol. Survey Israel Bull., v. 63, p. 30.Google Scholar
  3. BELLANCA, A. and NERI, R., 1986, Evaporite carbonate cycles of the Messinian, Sicily: Stable isotopes, mineralogy textural features and environmental implications: J. Sediment Petrology, v. 56, p. 614–621.Google Scholar
  4. FONTES, J.C., GONFIANTINI, R., AND TONGEORGI, E., 1963, Composition isotopique et origine de la serie evaporitique du Bassin de Paris: C.R. Sommares, Soc. Geol. France, No.3, Seance du 18 Mar. 1963, p. 92–93.Google Scholar
  5. GUNATILAKA, H.A., SALEH, A.A., and AlTEMEEMI, A.Y., 1980, Plant controlled supratidal anhydrite from Al-Khiran, Kuwait: Nature, v. 288, p. 257–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. GUNATILAKA, H.A., SALEH, A.A., Al-TEMEEMI, A.Y., and NASSAR, N.N., 1987, Calcium-poor dolomite from the sabkhas of Kuwait: Sedimentology, v. 34, p. 999–1006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. KHALAF, F.I., KADIB, L.A., GHARIB, I., AL-HASHASH, M., AL-SALEH, A. AND AL-KADI, A., 1980, Dust fallout in Kuwait: Kuwait Inst. Sci. Research, Technical Report, Kuwait (Ref. KISR/ppi/108/EEE-RF-8016).Google Scholar
  8. KIRKLAND, D.W., and EVANS, R., Eds., 1973, Marine Evaporites: Benchmark Papers in Geology. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross. p. 426.Google Scholar
  9. LONGINELLI, A., 1979/80, Isotope geochemistry of some Messinian evaporites: paleoenvironmental implications: Paleogeog. Paleoclim. Paleoecol., v. 29, p. 95–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. RICHTER-BERNBERG, G., 1959. Zeitmessung geologischer vorgange nach warvenkorrelationen in Zechstein: Geol. Rundschau, v. 48, p. 132–148.Google Scholar
  11. ROBINSON, B. STEWART, W.K., AND GUNATILAKA, H.A., Sulphate and other stable isotopes in regional studies of groundwater flow and sulphate mineral formation in Kuwait,in: The use of Isotopes in sulphur cycle studies: SCOPE Report (Ed. by H. Krouse & V. Grinenko) John Wiley & Sons (in press).Google Scholar
  12. SCHREIBER, B.C., 1978, Environments of subaqueous gypsum deposition. Short course No. 4. Marine Evaporites. Soc. Econ Pal. Min. given in Oklahoma City, April 8, 1978,in W.E. Dean and B.C. Schreiber, Eds., Marine Evaporites. p. 43–73.Google Scholar
  13. SHEARMAN, D.J. and FULLER, J.G.C.M., 1969, Anhydrite diagenesis, calcitization and organic laminites, Winnipegosis Formation, Middle Devonian, Saskatchewan: Bull. Can. Petrol. Geol., v. 17, p. 496–525.Google Scholar
  14. SHEARMAN, D.J. and ORTIS-CABO, FREDERICO, 1976, Upper Miocene gypsum. San Miguel de Salinas, S.E. Spain: Mem. Soc. Geol. Italia, v. 16, p. 327–339.Google Scholar
  15. WARREN, J.K., 1982, The hydrological setting, occurrence and significance of gypsum in late Quaternary salt lakes in South Australia: Sedimentology, v. 29, p. 609–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Gunatilaka
    • 1
  • D. J. Shearman
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of GeologyKuwait UniversityKuwait

Personalised recommendations