Journal of Elementary Science Education

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 61–68 | Cite as

Science education goals: Views from scientists and teachers

  • Karen L. H. Gentsch


To provide direction toward improving science education, many groups generate science goals for elementary students. Science experts who have little experience in the elementary school environment may create these goals. This study was conducted using a survey instrument to determine the perceptions of teachers and scientists concerning the importance of the goals for elementary school science. Results indicate that teachers perceived the goals developed by the National Science Teachers Association as more important than scientists did.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahlgren, A., & Rutherford F. J. (1993). Where is Project 2061 today?Educational Leadership, 50(8), 19–22.Google Scholar
  2. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (1995).Science for all Americans Summary. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Barinaga, M. (1991). Scientists educate the science educators.Science, 252, 1061–1062.Google Scholar
  4. Bonnstetter, R. J. (1989). Teacher behavior that facilitate new goals.Education and Urban Society, 22, 30–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carey, R. L. (1977). Perceptions of science teaching goals.School Science and Mathematics, 77, 145–148.Google Scholar
  6. Fedlock, P. M., Zambo, R., & Cobern W. W. (1996). The professional development of college science professors as science teacher educators.Science Education, 80(1), 5–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Harms, N. C. (1982). Project Synthesis: Summary and implication for teachers. In N. C. Harms & R. E. Yager (Eds.),What research says to the science teacher (Vol. 3) (pp. 113–130). Washington, DC: National Science Teachers Association.Google Scholar
  8. Harms, N. C., & Yager, R. E. (1982).What research says to the science teacher (Vol. 3). Washington, DC: National Science Teachers Association.Google Scholar
  9. Hofstein, A., & Yager, R. E. (1982). Societal issues as organizers for science education in the 80s.School Science and Mathematics, 82, 539–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McCormick, K. (1989, June). Battling scientific illiteracy: Educators seek consensus, action on needed reforms.ASCD Curriculum Update, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  11. Moody, D. (Ed.). (1989).Patterson’s elementary education: 1989 edition (Vol. 1). Mount Prospect, IL: Educational Directories.Google Scholar
  12. National Science Teachers Association. (1991).An NSTA position statement elementary school science. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  13. Norris, S. P. (1995). Learning to live with scientific expertise: Toward a theory of intellectual communalism for guiding science teaching.Science Education, 79(2), 201–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Norusis, M. J. (1990).SPSS: Introductory statistics student, Chicago: SPSS Inc.Google Scholar
  15. Pratt, H. (1982). Science education in the elementary school. In N. C. Harms & R. E. Yager (Eds.),What research says to the science teacher (Vol. 3) (pp 73–93). Washington, DC: National Science Teachers Association.Google Scholar
  16. Roth, K. J. (1989).Conceptual understanding and higher level thinking in the elementary science curriculum: Three perspectives (Elementary subjects center series No. 12). East Lansing, MI: Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 315 303)Google Scholar
  17. Rutherford, F. J., & Ahlgren, A. (1988). Rethinking the science curriculum. In R. S. Brandt (Ed.),Content of the curriculum (pp. 75–90). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.Google Scholar
  18. Rutherford, F. J., & Ahlgren, A. (1990).Science for all Americans. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Stake, R. E., & Easley, J. A. (1978).Case studies in science education. Urbana: University of Illinois, Center for Instructional Research and Curriculum Evaluation.Google Scholar
  20. Yager, R. E., Bybee, R., Gallaher, J. J., & Renner, J. W. (1982). An analysis of the current crisis in the discipline of science education.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 19, 377–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen L. H. Gentsch
    • 1
  1. 1.LeTourneau UniversityLongview

Personalised recommendations