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On the effects of training inductive reasoning: How far does it transfer and how long do the effects persist?

  • Welko Tomic
  • Karl Josef Klauer
Article

Abstract

Using the same program, two training experiments have been conducted in a Dutch and in a German elementary school. The common expectation was that training in inductive reasoning would transfer both on intelligence tests measuring inductive reasoning and on math performance. Furthermore, it was expected that the training effects would persist for at least some months after training had ended. In experiment 1 (N=34), a rather short training period turned out to be effective with respect to the intelligence test performance but not with respect to math performance. In experiment 2 (N=23), the amount of training in inductive reasoning was systematically varied. It could be shown that transfer on intelligence test as well as on math performance was linearly dependent on the amount of prior training. The training effects were found to persist between four and nine months after training.

Key words

Inductive reasoning Math learning Training research Transfer of training 

Résumé

Deux entraînements expérimentaux utilisant le même programme ont été conduits dans une école élémentaire hollandaise et allemande. On s’attendait à ce que l’entraînement au raisonnement inductif ait des effets positifs sur la réussite à des tests de raisonnement inductif et sur les performances en mathématiques. On s’attendait par ailleurs à ce que les effets se maintiennent dans les mois suivant l’entraînement. Dans l’expérience 1 (N=34), un entraînement d’une durée relativement limitée eu des effets sur les performances aux tests de raisonnement mais n’en eu pas sur les performances en mathématiques. Dans l’expérience 2 (N=23), on a fait varier systématiquement la durée de l’entraînement. On a constaté que les effets aussi bien au test de raisonnement qu’en mathématiques dépendaient de façon linéaire de la durée des entraînements préalables. Les effets persistent entre quatre et neuf mois après la fin de l’entraînement.

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Copyright information

© Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisbon, Portugal/ Springer Netherlands 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Welko Tomic
    • 1
  • Karl Josef Klauer
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesThe Open UniversityHeerlenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of AachenGermany
  3. 3.Institut für ErziehungswissenschaftAachenGermany

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