Comparison of three PET dopamine D2-like receptor ligands, [11C]raclopride, [11C]nemonapride and [11C]N-methylspiperone, in rats
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- Ishiwata, K., Hayakawa, N., Ogi, N. et al. Ann Nucl Med (1999) 13: 161. doi:10.1007/BF03164856
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We studied the tracer kinetics of three dopamine D2-like receptor ligands, [11C]raclopride ([11C]RAC), [11C]nemonapride ([11C]NEM) and [11C]N-methylspiperone ([11C]MSP), in anesthetized rats by tissue dissection,ex vivo ARG and PET in order to clarify their characteristics for PET imaging. Thein vivo affinity of the three ligands for the striatum ([11C]MSP > [11C]NEM > [11C]RAC) obeyed thein vitro affinity for dopamine D2 receptors. The affinity of [11C]RAC and [11C]MSP for the cerebellum was very low, but the affinity of [11C]NEM for the cerebellum was compatible to that for the cortex and was not to be ignored. Also the affinity of [11C]MSP for the cortex was relatively high. [11C]RAC showed the highest selectivity. The striatal PET image with [11C]RAC was clearer than that with [11C]NEM or [11C]MSP, but the activity decreased much faster than that measured by tissue dissection because of the partial volume effect. The striatal activity with [11C]NEM remained high and that with [11C]MSP gradually increased. [11C]RAC and [11C]MSP, but not [11C]NEM, showed a high accumulation in the periorbital region.