Wetlands

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 578–583

Influence of agriculture on aquatic invertebrate communities of temporary wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, USA

  • Ned H. Euliss
  • David M. Mushet
Regular Submissions

Abstract

We evaluated the influence of intensive agriculture on invertebrate communities of temporary wetlands as indicated by aquatic invertebrate resting eggs, shells, and cases remaining after wetlands dried. To facilitate the comparison, we sampled 19 wetlands within cropland areas and 19 wetlands within grassland areas. We found resting eggs, shells, and cases of significantly more taxa and greater numbers of cladoceran resting eggs (ephippia), planorbid and physid snail shells, and ostracod shells in wetlands within grasslands than in croplands. We also successfully incubated greater numbers of cladocerans and ostracods from soil samples collected from grassland sites. We were unable to detect differences in the viability of cladoceran ephippia between grassland and cropland wetlands, but our sample size was small due to an absence of ephippia in most cropland wetlands sampled; 74% of the cropland wetlands were devoid of cladoceran ephippia whereas ephippia were well represented in nearly all of our grassland sites. Our results corroborate findings of other investigators that prairie pothole wetlands have been negatively impacted by human activ-, ities. Our study demonstrates that aquatic invertebrates of temporary wetlands have, been negatively impacted by intensive agriculture and suggests that future studies need to assess the influence of agricultural practices on wetland-dependant wildlife.

Key words

agricultural impacts aquatic invertebrates Branchiopoda cases Cladocera cphippia Gastropoda North Dakota Ostracoda prairie pothole region resting eggs shells temporary wetlands Trichoptera 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Borthwick, S. M. 1988. Impacts of agricultural pesticides on aquatic invertebrates inhabiting prairie wetlands. M.S. Thesis. Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO, USA.Google Scholar
  2. Dahl, T. E. 1990. Wetland losses in the United States 1780’s to 1980’s. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  3. Diaz, H. F. 1983. Some aspects of major dry and wet periods in the contiguous United States. 1895–1981. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 22:3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Diaz, H. F. 1986. An analysis of twentieth century climate fluctuations in northern North America. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 25:1625–1657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Duvick, D. N. and T. J. Blasing. 1981. A dendroclimatic reconstruction of annual precipitation amounts in Iowa since 1680. Water Resource Research 17:1183–1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Euliss, N. H., Jr. and D. M. Mushet. 1996a. Water-level fluctuations in wetlands as a function of landscape condition in the prairie pothole region. Wetlands 16:587–593.Google Scholar
  7. Euliss, N. H., Jr. and D. M. Mushet. 1996b. Impacts of agricultural practices on wetland macroinvertebrates, siltation rates, and waterlevel fluctuations. p. 59–69.In S. A. Peterson, L. Carpenter, G. Guntenspergen, and L. M. Cowardin (eds.), Pilot test of wetland condition indicators in the prairie pothole region of the United-States. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. USA. EPA/620/R-97-002.Google Scholar
  8. Euliss, N. H., Jr., D. A. Wrubleski, and D. M. Mushet. 1999. Invertebrates in wetlands of the prairie pothole region: species composition, ecology, and management. p. 471–513.In D. P. Batzer, R. B. Rader, and S. A. Wissinger (eds.) Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands of North America: Ecology and Management. John Wilcy & Sons. New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  9. Fryer, G. 1974. Attachment of bivalve molluses to corixid bugs. Naturalist 928:18.Google Scholar
  10. Gleason, R. A. and N. H. Euliss, Jr. 1996. Sedimentation of prairie pothole wetlands: the need for integrated research by agricultural and wildlife interests. Proceedings of the 1996 wetlands seminar. Water for agriculture and wildlife and the environment—win-win opportunities. U. S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Denver, CO, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Gleason, R. A. and N. H. Euliss, Jr. 1998. Sedimentation of prairie wetlands. Great Plains Research 8:97–112.Google Scholar
  12. Grue, C. E., M. W. Tome, T. A. Messmer, D. B. Henry, G. A. Swanson and L. R. DeWeese. 1989. Agricultural chemicals and prairie pothole wetlands: meeting the needs of the resource and the farmer— U. S. perspective. Transactions of the North American wild-life and Natural Resources Conference 54:43–58.Google Scholar
  13. Hutchinson, G. E. 1967. A Treatise on Limnology. Vol. 2: Introduction to Lake Biology and the Limnoplankton. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  14. Jurik, T. W., S. C. Wang, and A. G. van der Valk. 1994. Effects of sediment load on seedling emergence from wetland seed banks. Wetlands 14:159–165.Google Scholar
  15. Kantrud, H. A. and W. E. Newton. 1996. A test of vegetation-related indicators of wetland quality in the prairie pothole region. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Health 5:177–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kantrud, H. A. and R. E. Stowart. 1977. Use of natural basin wetlands by breeding waterfowl in North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 41:243–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kantrud, H. A. and R. E. Stewart. 1984. Ecological distribution and crude density of breeding birds on prairie wetlands. Journal of Wildlife Management 48:426–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Karl, T. R. and A. J. Koscielny. 1982. Drought in the United States: 1895–1981. Journal of Climatology 2:313–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karl, T. R. and W. E. Riebsame. 1984. The identification of 10 to 20 year temperature and precipitation fluctuations in the contiguous United States. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23:950–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Martin, D. B. and W. A. Hartman. 1986. The effect of cultivation on sediment and deposition in prairie pothole wetlands. Water, Air. and Soil Pollution 34:45–53.Google Scholar
  21. McCabe, G. D. and W. J. O’Brien. 1983. The effects of suspended silt on feeding and reproduction ofDaphnia pulex. American Midland Naturalist 110:324–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moritz, C. 1987. A note on the hatching and viability ofCeriodaphnia ephippia collected from lake sediment. Hydrobiologia 145: 309–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Newcombe, C. P. and D. D. MacDonald. 1998. Effects of suspended sediments on aquatic, ecosystems. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 11:72–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. ND Agricultural statistics Service. 1998a. Number of Farms & Land in Farms. North Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service Home Page. http://www.nass.usda.gov/nd/ab67009.htm. (Version 18Aug98).Google Scholar
  25. ND Agricultural Statistics Service. 1998b. North Dakota Crop Summary. 1997: the season in review. North Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service Home Page. http://www.nass.usda.gov/nd/ ab67022.htm. (Version 18Aug98).Google Scholar
  26. Ogi, K., T. Asai, and H. Nakai. 1951. Factors influencing the start of development inDaphnia pulex winter eggs. Ecological Review 13:24–26.Google Scholar
  27. Panchella, J. R. and R. G. Stross. 1963. Light induced hatching ofDaphnia resting eggs. Chesapeake Science 4:135–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Peck, S. B. 1975. Amphipod dispersal in the fur of aquatic mammals. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 89:181–182.Google Scholar
  29. Pennak, R. W. 1989. Fresh-water Invertebrates of the United States. 3rd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  30. Proctor, V. W. 1964. Viability of crustacean eggs recovered from ducks. Ecology 45:656–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Proctor, V. W., C. R. Malone, and V. L. DeVlaming. 1967. Dispersal of aquatic organisms: viability of disseminules recovered from the intestinal tract of captive killdeer. Ecology 48:672–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Robinson, M. 1957. The effects of suspended materials on the reproductive rate ofDaphnia magna. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science, University of Texas, Port Arkansas, TX 4:265–277.Google Scholar
  33. Rosine, W. 1956. On the transport of the common amphipod.Hyalella azteca, in South Dakota by the mallard duck. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science 35:203.Google Scholar
  34. SAS Institute Inc. 1989. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 6. 4th Edition. Volume 2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.Google Scholar
  35. Segersträle, S. G. 1954. The freshwater amphipods,Gammarus pulex (L.) andGammarus lacastris G. O. Sars, Denmark and Fennoscandia— a contribution to the late- and post-glacial immigration history of the aquatic fauna of northern Europe. Commentatiowes Biologicae Societas Scientiarum Fennica 15:1–91.Google Scholar
  36. Shan, R. K. 1970. Influence of light on hatching resting eggs of chydorids (Cladocera). Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 55:295–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  38. Stewart, R. E. and H. A. Kantrud. 1971. Classification of natural ponds and lakes in the glaciated prairie region. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Professional Paper 585-D.Google Scholar
  39. Stewart, R. E. and H. A. Kantrud. 1973. Ecological distribution of breeding waterfowl populations in North Dakota. Journal of Wild-life Management 37:39–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Stross, R. G. 1966. Light and temperature requirements for diapause development and relcase inDaphnia. Ecology 47:368–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stross, R. G. and J. C. Hill. 1965. Diapause induction inDaphnia requires two stimuli. Science 150:1462–1464.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Swanson, G. A. 1984. Dissemination of amphipods by waterfowl. Journal of Wildlife Management 48:987–991.Google Scholar
  43. Swanson, G. A., G. L. Krapu, and J. R. Serie. 1977. Foods of laying female dabbling ducks on the breeding grounds. p. 47–57In T. A. Bookhout (ed.). Waterfowl and Wetlands—an Integrated Review. Proceedings of the 1977 Symposium at the North Central Section. The Wildlife Society. Madison, WI, USA.Google Scholar
  44. Wang, S. C., T. W. Jurik, and A. G. van der Valk. 1994. Effects of sediment load on various stages in the life and death of cattail (Typha × glauca). Wetlands 14:166–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wiggins, G. B., R. J. Mackay, and I. M. Smith. 1980. Evolutionary and ecological strategies of animals in annual temporary pools. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Supplement 58:97–206.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ned H. Euliss
    • 1
  • David M. Mushet
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyNorthern Prairie Wildlife Research CenterJamestownUSA

Personalised recommendations