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Netherlands Heart Journal

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 142–147 | Cite as

Exercise prescription for patients with a Fontan circulation: current evidence and future directions

  • T. Takken
  • H. J. Hulzebos
  • A. C. Blank
  • M. H. P. Tacken
  • P. J. M. Helders
  • J. L. M. Strengers
review article

Abstract

It is well documented that children with a Fontan circulation have a reduced exercise capacity. One of the modalities to improve exercise capacity might be exercise training. We performed a systematic literature review on the effects of exercise training in patients with a Fontan circulation. Six published studies were included that reported on the effects of exercise training in 40 patients. All studies had a small sample size and/or did not include a control group.

Based on the six published studies we can conclude that children who have undergone a Fontan operation and who are in a stable haemodynamic condition can safely participate in an exercise training programme and that exercise training results in an improved exercise capacity. However, more research is needed to establish the optimal exercise mode, dose-response relation, and the effects of exercise training on cardiac function, peripheral muscle function, physical activity, and health-related quality of life. (Neth Heart J 2007; 15:142-7.)

Based on the six published studies we can conclude that children who have undergone a Fontan operation and who are in a stable haemodynamic condition can safely participate in an exercise training programme and that exercise training results in an improved exercise capacity. However, more research is needed to establish the optimal exercise mode, dose-response relation, and the effects of exercise training on cardiac function, peripheral muscle function, physical activity, and health-related quality of life. (Neth Heart J 2007; 15:142-7.)

Exercise training in Fontan patients Fontan circulation child, exercise (capacity) (training) oxygen (maximal uptake) physical fitness 

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Takken
    • 1
  • H. J. Hulzebos
  • A. C. Blank
  • M. H. P. Tacken
  • P. J. M. Helders
  • J. L. M. Strengers
  1. 1.

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