Studies in the polarography of metal-amino acid complexes
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1. A detailed polarographic study of cadmium has been made employing glycine,α-alanine,β-alanine, valine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and asparagine as complexing agents at various pH values. The effect of incorporating sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate and ammonium nitrate + ammonium hydroxide, on the polarographic behaviour of amino acid complexes of cadmium has also been investigated.
2. The reduction process has been found to be reversible in all systems.
3. The small shifts in the half-wave potentials noticed due to increase in the concentration of sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate in presence of amino acids have been explained on the basis of formation of mixtures of pure and mixed amino acid complexes of cadmium. Mixed complexes have also been noticed in presence of ammonium hydroxide and ammonium nitrate and amino acids.
4. Polarographic evidence has been obtained for the formation of over 30 pure and mixed complexes. The dissociation constant K d , the Δ F° value for the dissociation, and standard potential value for the formation, of each complex have been computed.
5. It has been found that cadmium can be polarographically estimated in amino acid solutions.
KeywordsCadmium Sodium Hydroxide Stability Constant Sodium Carbonate Ammonium Nitrate
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