Medizinische Klinik

, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 146–164 | Cite as

Update Gastroenterologie 1997—Teil II

  • Wolfgang Fischbach
  • Volker Groß
  • Jürgen Schölmerich
  • Christian Ell
  • Peter Layer
  • Wolfgang E. Fleig
Update

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Amann ST, Bishop M, Toskes PP. Fecal pancreatic elastase 1: Is it the test we have been looking for? Gastroenterology 1995;108: A341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Angeli P, Albino G, Carraro P. et al. Evidence for a causal relationship. Hepatology 1996;23:264–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arber N, Konikoff FM, Moshkowitz M et al. Increased serum iron and iron saturation without liver iron accumulation distinguish chronic hepatitis C from other chronic liver diseases. Dig Dis Sci 1194;39:2565–659.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Banks PA, Gerzof SG, Langevon RE et al. CT-Guided aspiration of suspected pancreatic infection. Int J Pancreatol 1995;18:265–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Basal P, Sonnenberg A. Pancreatitis is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterology 1995;109:247–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barkin JS, Chong J, Reiner DK. First-generation video enteroscope: fourth-generation push-type small bowel enterocopy ultilizing an overtube. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;40: 743–7.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barthet M, Sehel J, Bodiou-Bertei C et al. Endoscopic transpapillary drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:208–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bergman JJGHM, Rauws EAJ, Tijssen JGP et al. Biliarty endoprostheses in elderly patients with endoscopically irretrievable common bile duct stones: report on 117 patients. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:195–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bergmann JJGHM, van den Brink GR, Rauws EAJ et al. Treatment of bile duct lesions after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gut 1996;38:141–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bergmann JJGHM, van der Mey S, Rauws EAJ et al. Late complications after endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for bile duct stondes in patients younger than 60 years. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bernard B, Cadranel JF, Valla D et al. Prognostic significance of bacterial infection in bledding cirrhotic patients: A prospective study. Gastroenterology 1995;108:1828–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Besson I, Ingrand P, Person B et al. Scerotherapy with or without octreotide for acute variceal bleeding. N Engl J Med 1995;333:555–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Binmoeller KF, Jue P, Seifert H et al. Endoscopic pancreatic stent drainage in chronic pancreatitis and a dominant stricture: long-term results. Endoscopy 1995;27:638–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Binmoeller KF, Seifert H, Walter A et al. Transpapillary and transmural drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:219–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Blazeby JM, Cooper MJ. Is site of necrosis in acute pancreatitis a predictor of outcome. Lancet 1996;348:1044.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Borzio M, Bruno S, Roncalli M et al. Liver cell dysplasia is a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: A prospective study. Gastroenterology 1995;108:812–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Boucher E, Jouanolle H, Andres P et al. INFa and ursodeoxycholic acid combined therapy in the treatment of chronic viral C hepatitis: Results from a controlled randomized trial in 80 patients. Hepatology 1995;21:322–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bozkurt T, Maroske D, Adler G. Exocrine pancratic function after recovery from necrotizing pancreatitis. Hepato-Gastroenterol. 1995;42:55–8.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brentnall TA, Haggitt RC, Rabinovitsch PS et al. Risk and natural history of colonic neoplasia in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology 1996;110:331–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bronowicki JP, Boudjema K, Chone L et al. Comparison of resection, liver transplantation and transcatheter oily chemoembolisation in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. J. Hepatol 1996;24:293–300.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Büchler MW, Friess H, M. W., Müller MW et al. Randomized trial of duodenum-preseving pancreatic head resection versus pylorus-preserving whipple in chronic pancreatitis. Am J Surg 1995;169:65–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cabrera J, Maynar M, Granados R et al. Transjugular intrahepatic porotsystemic shunts versus sclerotherapy in the elective treatment of varicel hemorrhage. Gastroenterology 1996;110:832–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Caldwell SH, Halliday JW, Fletcher LM et al. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin in alcoholics with liver disease. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1995;10:174–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Caliari S, Benini L, Sembenini C et al. Medium-chain triglyderide absorption in patients with pancreatic insufficiency. Scand J Gastroenterol 1996;31:90–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Candinas D, Gunson BK, Nithingale P et al. Sex mismatch as a risk factor for chronic rejection of liver allografts. Lancet 1995;346:1117–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Carmichael J, Fink U, Russell RCG et al. Phase II study of gemcitabine in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Brit J Canc 1996;73:101–5.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Castells A, Bruix J, Bru C et al. Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with tamoxifen: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial in 120 patients. Gastroenterology 1995;109: 917–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Castells L, Vargas V, Gonzales A et al. Long interval between HCV infection and development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver 1995;15:159–63.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Catalano MF, Geenen JE, M.J. Schmalz MJ et al. Treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts with ductal communication by transpapillary pancreatic duct endoprosthesis. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:2314–28.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chan Y, Chan ACM, Lam WWM et al. Choledocholithiasis: Comparison of MR cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. Radiology 1996;200: 85–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Chemello L, Cavaletto L, Casarin C et al. Persistent hepatitis C viremia predicts late relapse after sustained response to INFα in chronic hepatitis C. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:1058–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chopra KB, Peters RA, O’Toole PA et al. Randomised study of endoscopic biliary endoprosthesis versus duct clearance for bileduct stones in high-risk patients. Lancet 1996;348:791–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Choudhry U, Barde CJ, Markert R et al. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a randomized prospective comparison of early and delayed feeding. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:164–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chung SCS, Leong HT, Chan CW et al. Epinephrine or epinephrine plus alcohol for injection of bleeding ulcers: a prospective randomized trial. Gastrointest Endsc 1996;43:591–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Clifford BD, Donahue D, Smith L et al. High prevalence of serological markers of autimmunity in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 1995;21:613–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Coene PPLO, Tytgat G, Obertop H et al. Prophlactic versus symptomatic exchange of biliary stents. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cohard M, Poynard T, Mathurin P et al. Prednisone-IN-Fα combination in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B: direct and indirect metaanalysis. Hepatology 1994;20: 1390–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    De Beaux AC, Carter DC, Palmer KR. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and acute pancreatitis. Gut 1996;38:799–800.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Dienstag JL, Perillo RP, Schiff ER et al. A preliminary trial of lamivudine for chronic hepatitis B infection. N Engl J Med 1995;333:1657–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Dmitrewski J, Hubscher SG, Myer AD et al. Recurrence of primary biliary cirrhosis in the liver allograft: the effect of immunosuppression. J Hepatol 1996;24:253–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Dohmoto M, Rup KD, Hünerbein M et al. Endoskopische Drainage von Pankreaspseudozysten. DMW 1995;120:1647–51.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Dominguez-Munoz JE, Pieramico O, Büchler M et al. Exocrine pancreatic function in the early phase of human acute pancreatitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 1995;30: 186–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Dominguez-Munoz JE, Hieronymus C, Sauerbruch T et al. Fecal elastase test: evaluation of a new noninvasive pancreatic function test. Amer J Gastroenterol 1995;90: 1834–7.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Dumeonceau JM, Devière J, Le Moine O et al. Endoscopic pancreatic drainage in chronic pancreatitis associated with ductal stones: long-term results. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;43:547–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    El Refaie A, Savag K, Bhattacharya S et al. HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma without cirrhosis. J Hepatol 1996;24:277–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ell C, May A, Hahn EG. Gianturco-Z stents in the palliative treatment of malignant esophageal obstruction and esophagotracheal fistulas. Endoscopy 1995;27:495–500.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ell C, May A, Hahn EG. Selbstexpandierende Metallendoprothesen zur Palliation stenosierender Tumoren im oberen Gastrointestinaltrakt. DMW 1995;120:1343–8.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ell C, Hagenmüller F, Schmitt W et al. Multizentrische prospektive Untersuchung zum aktuellen Stand der Therapie der Ulkusblutung in Deutschland. DMW 1995;120:3–9.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Ell C, Rabenstein T, Ruppert T et al. 20 Jahre endoskopische Papillotomie. DMW 1995;120:163–7.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Ellis AJ, Wendon JA, Portmann B et al. Acute liver damage and ecstasy ingestion. Gut 1996;38:453–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Everhart J, Wright D. Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. A metaanalysis. JAMA 1995;273: 1605–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Feretis C, Dimopoulos C, Nenakis P et al. N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) plus sclerotherapy versus sclerotherapy alone in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices: a randomized prospective study. Endoscopy 1995;27:355–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Fernandez E, Vecchia CL, Porta M et al. Pancreatitis and the risk of pancreatic cancer. Pancrea 1995;11:185–9.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Fischbach W, Groß V, Schölmerich J et al. Update Gastroenterologie — Teil 1. Med Klin 1998;93:70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Fölsch UR, Nitsche R, Lüdtke R et al. Controlled randomized multicenter trial of urgent endoscopic retrogarde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) papillotomy (EPT) for acute biliary pancreatitis. Gut 1995;37:A71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Fortson MR, Freddman SN, Webster PD III. Clinical assessment of hyperlipidemic pancreatitis. Am J gastroenterol 1995;90:2134–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Freeman ML, Nelson DB, Sherman S et al. Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. N Engl J Med 1996;335:909–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Friess H, Langhans J, Ebert M et al. Diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by 2(18F)-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography. Gut 1995;36:771–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Gane EJ, Portmann BC, Naomov NV et al. Long-term outcome of hepatitis C infection after liver transplantation. N Engl J Med 1996;334:815–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Gaudin JL, Faure P, Godinot H et al. The French experience of treatment of chronic type D hepatitis with a 12-month course of infa alpha 2B. Results of a randomized controlled trial. Liver 1995;15:45–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Giovanni M, Seitz JF, Monges G et al. Fine-needle aspiration cytology guided by endoscopic ultrasonography: results in 141 Patients. Endoscopy 1995;27:171–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Gish RG, Lau JYN, Brooks L et al. Ganciclovir treatment of hepatitis B virus infection in liver transplant recipients. Hepatology 1996;23:1–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Gosh S, Palmer KR. Prevention of biliary stent occlusion using cyclical antibiotics and ursodeoxycholic acid. Gut 1994;35:1757–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Gottlieb K, Sherman S, Pezzi J et al. Early recognition of post-ERCP pancreatitis by clinical assessment and serum pancreatic enzymes. Am J Gastroenterol 1996;91:1553.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Gröger G, Layer P. Exocrine pancreatic function in diabetes mellitus. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1995;7: 740–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Grund KE, Storek D, Becker HD. Highly flexible self-expanding meshed metal stents for palliation of malignant esophagogastric obstruction. Endoscopy 1995;27: 486–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Gudjonsson B. Carcinoma of the pancreas: critical analysis of costs, results of resections, and the need for standardized reporting. J Amer Coll Surg 1995;181:483–503.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Guljonsson B. Critical look at resection for pancreatic cancer. Lancet 1996;348:1676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Gullo L, Pezzilli R, Morselli-Labate AM. Coffee and cancer of pancreas: an Italian multicenter study. Pancreas 1995;11:223–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Hammel P, Levy P, Voitot H et al. Preoperative cyst fluid analysis is useful for the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions of the pancreas. Gastraoenterology 1995;108:1230–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hasegawa N, Niwa Y, Arisawa T et al. Preoperative staging of supeficial esophageal carcinoma: comparison of an ultrasound probe and standard endoscopic ultrasonography. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:388–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Henley KS, Lucey MR, Normolle et al. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of prostaglandin E1 in liver transplantation. Hepatology 1995;21:366–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Hintze RE, Adler A, Veltzke W. Endoscopic resection of large colorectal adenomas: a combination of snare and laser ablation. Endoscopy 1995;27:665–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Hofstad B, Vatn MH, Andersen SN et al. Growth of colorectal polyps: redetection and evaluation of unresected polyps for a period of three years. Gut 1996;19:449–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Huibregtse K. Complications of endoscopic sphincterotomy and their prevention. N Engl J Med 1996;335: 961–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Iguchi H, Sugano K, Fukayama N et al. Analysis of Ki-ras codo 12 mutations in the duodenal juice of patients with pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterology 1996;110:221–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Imperial TF, Teran JT, McCullough AJ. A metaanalysis of somatostatin versus vasopression in the management of acute variceal hemorrhage. Gastroenterology 1995;109: 1289–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Inui K, Nakazawa S, Yoshino J et al. Endoscopic MIR: preliminary results of a new technique for visulization and staging of gastrointestinal tumors. Endoscopy 1995;27: 480–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Izbicki JR, Bloechle C, Knoefel WT et al. Duodenumpreserving resection of the head of the pancreas in chronic pancreatitis. Ann Surg 1995;221:350–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Jatzko GR, Losborg PH, Pertl AM et al. Multivariate comparison of complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystomy. Ann Surg 1995;221: 381–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Johanns W, Jakobeit C, Luis W et al. Kontaklose Argon-Gas-Koagulation in der flexiblen Endoskopie des Gastrointetinaltraktes: In-vitro-Untersuchungen und erste klinische Erfahrungen. Z Gastroenterol 1995;33:694–700.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Johnson GK, Geenen JE, Bedford RA et al. Payne M and other members of midwest pancreaticobiliary study group. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:312–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Jurim O, Martin P, Winston DJ et al. Failure of ganciclovir prophylaxis to prevent allograft reinfection following orthotopic liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis B infection. Liver Transpl Surg 1996;2:370–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Kajiyama T, Hajiro K, Sakai M et al. Endoscopic resection of gastrointestinal submucosal lesions: a comparison between strip biopsy and aspiration lumpectomy: Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:404–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Kato Y, Nakat K, Omagari K et al. Risk of hepatocellular carcinom in patients with cirrhosis in Japan. Cancer 1994;74:2234–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Kemppainen E, Sainio C, Haapiainen R et al. Early localization of necrosis by contrast-enhanced computed tomography can predict outcome in severe acute pancreatitis. Brit J Surg 1996;83:924–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Khuroo MS, Kamili S, Jameel S. Vertical transmission of hepatitis E virus. Lancer 1995;345:1025–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Klempnauer J, Ridder GJ, Bektas H et al. Surgery for exdocrine pancreatic cancer-who are the 5-and 10-year survivors? Oncology 1995;52:353–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Kozarek RA, Raltz S, Brugge WR et al. Prospective multicenter trial of esophageal Z-stent placement for malignant dysphagia and treacheoesophageal fistula. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:562–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Kraag N, Thijs C, Knipschild P. Dyspepsia- how noisy are gallstones. A metaanalysis of epiderminological studies of biliary pain, dyspeptic, symptoms, and food intolerance. Scand J Gastroenterol 1995;30:411–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Krüger M, Tillmann HL, Trautwein C et al. Famciclovir treatment of hepatitis B virus recurrence after liver transplantation: a pilot study. Liver Transpl Surg 1996;2:253–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Lacerda MA, Ludwig J, Dickson ER et al. Antimitochondrial antibody-negative primary biliary cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol 1995;90:247–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Laine L, Cook D. Endoscopic ligation compared with sclerotherapy for treatment of esophageal varicels bledding: A metaanalysis. Ann Intern Med 1995;123:280–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Lankisch PG, Dröge M, Gottesleben F. Drug induced acute panceatitis: incidence and severity. Gut 1995;37: 565–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Lankisch PG, Burchard-Reckert S, Petersen M et al.: Etiology and age have only a limited influence on the course of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 1996;13:344–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Lankisch PG, Dröge M, Hofses S et al. Steatorrhoca: you cannot trust your eyes when it comes to diagnosis. Lancet 1996;347:1620–1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Lankisch PG, Löhr M, König H et al. Pecal elastase-1: not helpful in diagnosing slight to moderate exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreas 1995;11:436.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Lau JYW, Chung SCS, Sung JJY et al. Through-thescope balloon dilation for pyloric stenosis: long-term results. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;43:98–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Lencioni R, Bartoluzzi C, Caramella D et al. Treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma with percutaneous ethanol injection. Analysis of prognostic factors in 105 western patients. Cancer 1995;76:1737–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Lévy P, Mathurin P, Roqueplo A et al. Multidimensional case-control study of dietary, alcohol, and tobacco habits in alcoholic men with chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas 1995;10:231–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Linder K, Themeau TM, Jorgensen RA et al. Effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on survival in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1996;110:1515–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Loftus EV, Sandborn WJ, Tremaine WEJ, et al. Risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Gastroenterology 1996;110:432–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Löser C, Möllgaard A, Fölsch UR. Fecal elastase 1: a novel, highly sensitive, and specific tubeless pancreatic function test. Gut 1996;39:580–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Lowenfels AB, Masonneuve P, Cavallini G et al. Prognosis of chronic pancreatitis: an internation multicenter study. Am J Gasroenterol 1994;89:1467–71.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Luiten EJT, Hop WCJ, Lange JFD et al. Controlled clinical trial of selective decontamination for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. Ann Surg 1995;222:57–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Mac Sweenea EJ, Oades PJ, Buchdahl R et al. Relation of thickening of colon wall to pancreatic-enzyme treatment in cystic fibrosis. Lancet 1995;345:752–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    MacMathuna P, White, Clarke E et al. Edoscopic balloon sphincteroplasty (papillary dilation) for bile duct stones: efficacy, safety, and follow-up in 100 patients. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:468–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Madl C, Grimm G, Ferenci P et al. Serial recording of sensory evoked potentials: a noninvasive prognostic indicator in fulminant liver failure. Hepatology 1994;20:1487–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Makin AV, Williams RA. 7-year, experience of severe a cetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity (1987–1993). Gastroenterology 1995;109:1907–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Marcellin P, Pouteau M, Martinot-Peignoux M et al. Lack of benefit of escalating dosage of infa alfa in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology 1995;109: 156–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Masuko K, Mitsui T, Iwano K et al. Infection with hepatitis GB virus C in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1485–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Mathurin P, Duchatelle V, Ramond MJ et al. Survival and prognostic factors in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis treated with prednisolone. Gastroenterology 1996;110:1847–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    May A, Hahn EG, Ell C. Self-expanding metal stents for palliation of malignant obstruction in the upper gastrointestinal tract. J Clin gastro 1996;22:261–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    May A, Selmaier M, Hochberger J et al. Memory metal stents for palliation of malignant obstruction of the oesophagus and cardia. Gut 1995;37:309–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Mayeed AW, Troy G, Nicholl JP et al. Randomised, prospective, single-blind comparison of laparoscopic versus small-incision cholecystectomy. Lancet 1996; 347:989–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Mazella G, Accogli E, Sottili S et al. Alpha infa treatment may prevent hepatocellular carcinoma in HCV-related liver cirrhosis. J Hepatol 1996;24:141–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Mazzaferro V, Reglia E, Doci R et al. Liver transplantation for the treatment of small, hepatocellular carconomas in patients with cirrhosis. N Engl J Med 1996;334: 693–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    McArthur KE. Review article: drug-induced pancretitis. Aliment pharmacol Therap 1996;10:23–38.Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    McMenamin A, Gates LK. A retrospective analysis of the effect of contrast-enhanced CT on the outcome of acute pancreatitis. Amer J Gastroenterol 1996;1:1384–7.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Meyenberger C, Huch Böni RA, Bertschinger P et al. Endoscopic ultrasound and endorectal magnetic resonance imaging: a prospective comparative study for preoperative staging and follow-up of rectal cancer. Endoscopy 1995;27:469–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Miller LJ. The power and promise of molecular genetics in gastroenterology. Gastroenterology 1996;110: 2015–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Misra SP, Dwivedi M, Misra V. Prevalence and factors influencing hemorrhoids, anorectal varices, and colopathy in patients with portal hypertension. Endoscopy 1996;28:340–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Mühldorfer SM, Hahn EG, Ell C. High-and low-compliance balloon dilators in patients with achalasia: a randomized prospective comparative trial. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:398–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Mulder CJJ, den Hartog G, Robijn RJ et al. Flexible endoscopic treatment of Zenker’s diverticulum: a new approach. Endoscopy 1995;27:438–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Muto Y, Moriwaki H, Ninomiya et al. Prevention of second primary tumors by an acyclid retinoid, polyprenoic acid, in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1561–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Nakao A, Harada A, Nonami T et al. Clinical significance of carcinoma invasion of the extrapancreatic nerve plexus in pancreatic cancer. Pancreas 1996;12:357–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Nakashima K, Ikematsu H, Hayashi J et al. Intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C virus among the population of an endemic area of Japan. JAMA 1995;274:1459–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Nashan B, Schlitt HJ, Tusch G et al. Biliary malignancies in primary sclerosing cholangitis: timing for liver transplantation. Hepatology 1996;23:1105–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Navascuès CA, Rodriguez M, Sotorrio NG et al. Epidemiology of hepatitis D virus infection: Changes in the last 14 years. Am J Gastroenterol 1995;90:1981–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Niederau E, Heintges T, Lange S et al. Long-term follow-up of HbeAg-positive patients treated with infa alfa for chronic hepatitis B. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1422–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Nitsche R, Fölsch UR, Lüdtke R et al. Urgent ERCP in all cases of acute biliary pancreatitis? Lancet 1995;1: 127–31.Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Overholt BF, Panjehpour M. Photodynamic therapy for Barrett’s esophagus: clinical update. Am J Gastroenterol 1996;91:1719–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Ochs A, Rössle M, Haag K et al. The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt procedure for refractory ascites. N Engl J Med 1995;332:1192–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Oho K, Iwao T, Sumino M et al. Ethanolamine oleate versus butyl cyanoacrylate for bleeding gastric varices: a nonrandomized study. Endoscopy 1995;27:349–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Olynyk JK, Reddy KR, Di Besceglie AM et al. Hepatic iron concentration as a predictor of response to infa alfa therapy in chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology 1995; 108:1104–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Oshita M, Hayashi N, Kasahara A et al. Increased serum hepatitis C virus RNA levels among alcoholic patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 1994;20:1115–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Pasricha PJ, W.J. Ravich WJ, Hendrix TR et al. Intrasphincteric botulinum toxin for the treatment of achalasia. N Engl J Med 1995;322:774–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Pasricha PJ, Rai R, Ravicch WJ et al.: Botulinum toxin for achalasia: long-term outcome and predictors of response. Gastroenterol 1996;110:1410–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Pauletzki J, Sailer C, Klüppelberg U et al. Gallbladder emptying determines early gallstone clearance after shock-wave lithotripsy. Gastroenterology 1995;107:1496–502.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Pawlotsky JM, Dhumeaux D. Extrahepatic immunologic manifestations in chronic hepatits virus serotypes. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:169–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Pennazio M, Arrigoni A, Risioet M et al. Clinical evaluation of push-type enteroscopy. Endoscopy 1995;27: 164–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Ponchon T, Bory RM, Hedelius F et al. Endoscopic stenting for pain relief in chronic pancreatitis: results of a standardized protocol. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42: 452–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Poynard T, Bedossa P, Chevalier M et al. A comparison of three inferon alfa-2b regiments for the long-term treatment of chronic non-A-non-B-hepatitis. N Engl J Med 1995;332:1457–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Poynard T, Leroy V, Cohard M et al. Metaanalysis of infa randomized trials in the treatment of viral hepatitis C: effects of dose and duration. Hepatology 1996;24: 788–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Rey JF, Romanczyk T, Greff M. Metal stents for palliation of rectal carcinoma: a preliminary report: 12 patients. Endoscopy 1995;27:501–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Roberts SK, Themeau TM, Czaja AJ. Prognosic of histological cirrhosis in type 1 autoimmune hepatitis. Gastroenterology 1996;110:857–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Rockall RA, Logan RFA, Devlin HB et al. On behalf of the steering committee and members of the national audit of acute, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Incidence of and mortality from acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in the United Kingdom. BMJ 1995;311:222–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Roffi L, Mels GC, Antonelli G et al. Breakthrough during recombinant inferferon alfa therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection: prevalence, etiology, and management. Hepatology 1995;21:645–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Rolachon A, Cordier L, AcQ Y et al. Ciprofloxacin and long-term prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: results of a prospective controlled trial. Hepatology 1995;22:1171–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Rolando N, Wade JJ, Stangou A et al. Prospective study comparing the efficacy of prophylactic parenteral antimicrobials, with or without enteral decontamination, in patients with acute liver failure. Liver Transpl Surg 1996;2:8–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Rosemurgy AS, Goode SE, Zwiebel BR et al. A prospective trial of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunts versus small-diameter prosthetic H-graft portacaval shunts in the treatment of bleeding varices. Ann Surg 1996;224:378–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Rünzi M, Layer P. Drug-associated pancreatitis: facts and fiction. Pancreas 1996;13:100–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Rünzi M, Raptpoulos V, Saluja AK et al. Evaluation of necrotizing pancreatitis in the opossum by dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography: correlation between radiographic and morphologic changes J. Am Coll Surg 1995;180:673–82.Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Sainio V, Kemppainen E, Puolakkainen P et al. Early antibiotic treatment in acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Lancet 1995;346:663–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Sarin SK, Guptan RKC, Jain AK et al. A randomized controlled trial of endoscopic variceal band ligation for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1996;8:337–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Saunders BP, Williams CB. Premedication with intravenous antispasmodic speeds colonoscope insertion. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;43:209–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Semakula C, Vandewalle CL, Van Schravendijk CFH et al. Abnormal circulating pancreatic enzyme activities in more than twenty-five percent of recent-onset insulin-dependent diabetic patients: association of hyperlipasemia with high-titer islet cell antibodies. Pancreas 1996;12:321–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Serfaty L, Chazouillères O, Pawlotsky JM et al. INFa alfa therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C and persistently normal aminotransferase activity. Gastroenterology 1996;110:291–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Shiffman ML, Kaplan GD, Brinkman-Kaplan V et al. Prophylaxis against gallstone formation with ursodeoxycholic acid in patients participating in a very-low-calorie diet program. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:899–905.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Shindo A, Arai K, Lokawa Y et al. Hepatic hepatitis C virus RNA as a predictor of a long-term response to infa therapy. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:586–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Shung JJY, Chung SCS, Yung MY et al. Prospective randomized study of effect of octrotide on rebleeding from oesophageal varices after endoscopic ligation. Lancet 1995;346:1666–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Slot WB, Schoeman MN, Disario JA et al. Needle-knife sphincterotomy as a precut procedure: a retrospective evaluation of efficacy and complications. Endoscopy 1996;28:334–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Smith AC, Dowsett JF, Russell RCG et al. Randomized trial of endoscopic stenting versus surgical bypass in malignant low bileduct obstruction. Lancet 1994;344: 1655–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Smith ME, Badiga SM, Rauws EAJ et al. Lont-term results of pancreatic stents in chronic pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:461–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Smits M, Huibregtse K, Tytgat G. Results of the new nitinol self-expandable stents for distal biliary strictures. Endoscopy 1995;27:505–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Smits ME, Rauws EAJ, Tytgat GNJ et al. The efficacy of endoscopic treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:202–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Smits ME, Rauws EAJ, Groen AK et al. Preliminary results of a prospective randomized study of partially covered wallstents vs noncovered wallstents. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Sola R, Andreu M, Coll S et al. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients treated using paracentesis or diuretics: results of a randomized study. Hepatology 1995;21:340–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Somberg KA, Riegler JL, LaBerge JM et al. Hepatic encephalopathy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts: Incidence and risk factors. Am J Gastroenterol 1995;90:549–55.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Sonnenberg A, Benninger J, Ell C. Kostenvergleich zwischen der laparoskopischen Cholecystektomie und der extrakorporalen Stoßwellenlithotripsie in der Behandlung von Gallenblasensteinen. DMW 1994;119:1532–7.Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Soto JA, Barish MA, Yucel EK et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiography: comparison with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Gastroenterology 1996;110:589–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Sterneck MR, Fischer L, Nischwitz U et al. Selection of the living liver donor. Transplantation 1995;60:667–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Stratta RJ, Taylot RJ, Larsen JL et al. Pancreas transplantion Int J Pancreatol 1995;17:1–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Strum WB. Abstinence in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Effect on pain and outcome. J Clin Gastroenterol 1995;20:37–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Sung JJY, Chung SCS, Yung MY et al. Prospective randomized study of effect of octreotide on rebleeding from oesophageal varices after endoscopic ligation. Lancet 1995;346:1666–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Tada M, Ohashi M, Shiratori Y et al. Analysis of K-ras gene mutation in hyperplastic duct cells of the pancreas without pancreatic disease. Gastroenterology 1996;227: 227–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Talamini G, Bassi C, Falconi M. Cigarette smoking: an independent risk factor in alcolholic pancreatitis. Pancreas 1996;12:131–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Targan SR, Landers C, Cidrich A et al. High-titer antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in type-1 autoimmune hepatitis. Gastroenterology 1995;108:1159–66.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    The Southern Surgeons Club, Mooere MJ, Bennet CL. The learning curve for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Am J Surg 1995;170:55–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    The US multicenter FK 506 liver study group. A comparison of tracrolismus (FK 506) and cyclosporine for immunosuppression in liver transplantation. N Engl J Med 1994;331:1110–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Todros L, Saracco G, Durazzo M et al. Efficacy and safety of infa alpha therapy in chronic hepatitis C with autoantibodies to liver-kidney microsomes. Hepatology 1995;22:1374–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Uhl W, Isenmann R, Curti G et al. Influence of etiology on the course and outcome of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 1996;13:335–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Urrutia R, DiMagno EP. Genetic markers: the key to early diagnosis and improved survival in pancreatic cancer? Gastroenterology 1996;110:306–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Van Laethem JL, Vertongen P, Deviere J et al. ERCP meets C-K-ras: towards an improved diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterology 1996;110:311–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Van Milligen de Wit AWM, van Bracht J, Rauws EAJ et al. Endoscopic stent therapy for dominant extrahepatic bile duct strictures, in primary sclerosing cholangitis. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:293–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Vermeijden JR, Bartelsman JFWM, Meijer RCA et al. Self-expanding metal stents for palliation of esophagocardial malignancies. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:58–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Villanueva C, Balanzó J, Novella MT et al. Nadolol plus isosorbide mononitrate compared with sclerotherapy for the prevention of variceal rebleeding. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1624–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Wagner S, Gebel M, Meier P et al. Endoscopic management of biliary tract strictures in primary sclerosing cholangitis. Endoscopy 1996;28:546–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Weigert N, Neuhaus H, Rösch H et al. Treatment of esophagorespiratory fistulas with silicone-coated self-expanding metal stents. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:490–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Welbourn CRB, Beckly DE, Eyre-Brook IA. Endoscopic sphincterotomy without cholecystectomy for gallstone pancreatitis. Gut 1995;37:119–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Wermes RA, Fatorechi W, Wynne AG et al. The glucagonoma syndrome. Medicine 1996;75:53–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Whitcomb DC, Gorry MC, Preston RA et al. Hereditary pancreatitis is caused by a mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene. Nature Genet 1996;14:141–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Whitcomb DC, Preston RA, Aston CE et al. A gene for hereditary pancreatitis maps to chromosome 7q35. Gastroenterology 1996;110:1975–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Wong DKH, Yim C, Naylor CD et al. INFa alpha treatment of chronic hepatitis B: randomized trial in a, predominantly homosexual male population. Gastroenterology 1995;108:165–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Wong JB, Koff RS, Tinè F et al. Cost-effectiveness of INFα-2b treatment for hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:664–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Wright TL, Hollander H, Pu X et al. Hepatitis C in HIV-infected patients with and without AIDS: prevalence and relationship to survival. Hepatology 1994;20:1152–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Wu CC, Ho YZ, Ho WL et al. I’reoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation for resectable large hepatocellular carcinom: a reappraisal. Br J Surg 1995;82: 122–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Yanai H, Yoshida T, Matsumoto Y et al. Endoscopic ultrasonography of superficial esophageal cancers using a thin ultrasound probe system equipped with switchable radial and linear scanning modes. Gastrointest Endosc 1996;44:578–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Yano M, Kumada H, Kage M et al. The long-term pathological evaluation of chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 1996;23:1334–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Yeo CJ, Cameron JL, Lillemoe KD et al. Pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer of the head of the pancreas: 201 patients. Ann Surg 1995;221:721–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Zanasi G, Rossi A, Grosso C et al. The effect of endoscopic sclerotherapy of esophageal varices on the development of gastric varices. Endocopy 1996;28:234–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Zanetti AR, Tanzi E, Paccagnini et al. Lombardy Study Group on Vertical HCV Transmission. Mother-to-in-fant transmission of hepatitis C virus. Lancet 1995;345:289–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Urban & Vogel 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Fischbach
    • 1
  • Volker Groß
    • 2
  • Jürgen Schölmerich
    • 2
  • Christian Ell
    • 3
  • Peter Layer
    • 4
  • Wolfgang E. Fleig
    • 5
  1. 1.II. Medizinische Klinik, Klinikum AschaffenburgAm HasenkopfAschaffenburgDeutschland
  2. 2.Medizinische KlinikUniversitätsklinikum RegensburgDeutschland
  3. 3.Medizinische Klinik 1Universitätsklinikum ErlangenDeutschland
  4. 4.Abteilung für Gastroenterologie, Zentrum für Innere MedizinUniversitätsklinikum EssenDeutschland
  5. 5.Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere MedizinMartin-Luther-Universität Halle-WittenbergDeutschland

Personalised recommendations