New Generation Computing

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 5–21 | Cite as

Towards communityware

  • Toru Ishida
Invited Paper

Abstract

This paper summarizes our recent activities to support people to communicate with each other using public computer network systems. Unlike conventional teleconferencing systems, which are mainly for business meetings, we focus on informal communication in open orgnizations. So far, three different systems have been developed and actually tested.
  • • InSocia, we introduced vision agents which act on behalf of their users in a network. To enable a meeting to be scheduled at a mutually acceptable time, we proposed the scheme called non-committed scheduling.

  • Free Walk supports casual meetings among more than a few people. For this purpose, we provide a 3-D virtual space calledcommunity common where participants can behave just as in real life.

  • • In theICMAS’96 Mobile Assistant Project, on the other hand, we conducted an experiment in an actual international conference using 100 personal digital assistants and wireless phones. Various services were provided to increase the interactions among participants of the conference.

Based on these experiences, we are now moving towardscommunity-ware to support people to form a community based on computer network technologies.

Keywords

Computer Mediated Communication Group Interaction Meeting Scheduling Software Agent Groupware Communityware 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1).
    Fish, R. S., Kraut, R. R., Root, R. W., and Rice, R. E., “Evaluating Video as a Technology for Informal Communication,”CHI-92, pp. 37–48, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    Gu, C. and Ishida, T., “Analyzing the Social Behavior of Contract Net Protocol,”Agents Breaking Away; MAAMAW’96 (Walter Van de Velde and John W. Perram, eds.),Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1038, Springer-Verlag, pp. 116–127, 1996.Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    Hudson, S. E. and Smith, I., “Techniques for Addressing Fundamental Privacy and Disruption Tradeoffs in Awareness Support Systems,”International Conference on Computer Supported Copperative Work (CSCW-96), pp. 248–257, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    Ishida, T., “Bridging Humans via Agent Networks,”13th International Workshop on Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAIWS-94), pp. 419–429, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    Ishida, T., “Towards Communityware,”International Conference and Exhibition on the Practical Application of Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Technology (PAAM-97), pp. 7–21, 1997.Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    Kuwabara, K., Ishida, T., and Osato, N., “Agen Talk: Describing Multiagent Coordination Protocols with Inheritance,”IEEE Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (TAI-95), pp. 460–465, 1995.Google Scholar
  7. 7).
    MacIver, R. M.Community, Macmillan Co., 1917.Google Scholar
  8. 8).
    Maes, P., “Agents that Reduce Work and Information Overload,”Communication of the ACM, 37, 7, pp. 31–41, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9).
    Nakanishi, H., Yoshida, C., Nishimura, T., and Ishida, T., “FreeWalk: Supporting Casual Meetings in a Network,”International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW-96), pp. 308–314, 1996.Google Scholar
  10. 10).
    Nishibe, Y., Waki, H., Morihara, I. and Hattori, F., “Analyzing Social Interactions in Massive Mobile Computing — Experiments of ICMAS’96 Mobile Assistant Project —,”IJCAI-97 Workshop on Social Interaction and Communityware, 1997.Google Scholar
  11. 11).
    Nishida, T., “The Knowledgeable Community,”International Forum of Frontier of Telecommunication Technology, 1995.Google Scholar
  12. 12).
    Nishida, T., Takeda, H., Iino, K., and Nishiki, M. “A Knowledge Media Approach to Ontology Development,”Towards Very Large Knowledge Bases: Knowledge Building Knowledge Sharing 1995 (N. J. I. Mars.) IOS Press, pp. 84–94, 1995.Google Scholar
  13. 13).
    Sen, S. and Durfee, E. H., “Unsupervised Surrogate Agents and Search Bias Change in Flexible Distributed Scheduling,”International Conference on Multi-Agent Systems (ICMAS-95), pp. 320–333, 1995.Google Scholar
  14. 14).
    Sugawara, S., Suzuki, G., Nagashima, Y., Matsuura, M., Tanigawa, H., and Moriuchi, M., “Inter Space: Networked Virtual World for Visual Communication,”IEICE Trains. Inf. and Syst., E77-D, 12, pp. 1344–1349, 1994.Google Scholar
  15. 15).
    Takemura, H. and Kishino, F., “Cooperative Work Environment Using Virtual Workspace,”International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW-92), pp. 226–232, 1992.Google Scholar
  16. 16).
    Telescript Technology, “The Foundation for the Electronic Marketplace,”General Magic White Paper, 1994.Google Scholar
  17. 17).
    Yamaki, H., Kajihara, M., Tanaka, G., Nishimura, T., Ishiguro, H., and Ishida, T., “Socia: Non-Committed Meeting Scheduling with Desktop Vision Agents,”International Conference on the Practical Application of Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Technology (PAAM-96), pp. 727–742, 1996.Google Scholar
  18. 18).
    Yamaki, H., Wellman, M. P., and Ishida, T., “A Market-Based Approach to Allocating QoS for Multimedia Applications,”International Conference on Multi-Agent Systems (ICMAS-96), pp. 385–392, 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ohmsha, Ltd. and Springer 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toru Ishida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information ScienceKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations