Quercetin, kaempferol and biapigenin fromhypericum perforatum are neuroprotective against excitotoxic insults
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In the present study we investigated the effects of phenolic compounds present inHypericum perforatum against neuronal excitotoxicity and mitochondrial dysfunction. Quercetin, kaemp-ferol and biapigenin significantly reduced neuronal death caused by 100 μM kainate plus 100 μMN-methyl-D-aspartate. The observed neuroprotection was correlated with prevention of delayed calcium deregulation and with the maintenance of mitochondrial transmembrane electric potential. The three compounds were able to reduce mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and loss of mitochondrial transmembrane electric potential caused by oxidative stress induced by ADP plus iron. Moreover, biapigenin was also able to significantly affect mitochondrial bioenergetics and decrease the capacity of mitochondria to accumulate calcium. Taken together, the results suggest that the neuroprotective action induced by quercetin and kaempferol are mainly mediated by antioxidant effects, whereas biapigenin mainly affects mitochondrial bioenergetics and calcium uptake.
KeywordsHypericum perforatum Excitotoxicity Neuroprotection Mitochondrial dysfunction Calcium homeostasis
bovine serum albumin
carbonyl cyanidep-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone
microtubulle associated protein
Mitochondrial transmembrane potential
reactive oxygen species
thiobarbituric acid-reactive species.
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