der markt

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 148–155 | Cite as

Export Controls and Global Changes

  • Michael R. Czinkota
  • Erwin Dichtl


Both Europe and the United States are experiencing major changes in their export control posture. Due to global shifts on the foreign policy front, export controls have moved from a strategic balance to a tactical balance approach. These shifts, however, have caused the emergence of important policy rifts between the European Union and the United States. The necessity for export controls continues to be substantial enough to warrant a realignment of national interests. Based on the example of German control legislation and practices, theauthorssuggest ways of harmonizing export controls across borders in order to encourage the emergence of a new multilateral export policy regime.


Export Controls Foreign Policy Multilateral Cooperation International Terrorism International Marketing Business-Government Relations U.S.-European Relations 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Czinkota, M.R. (1995), A New Export Control Regime. Security in a Volatile Environment, World Business Policy Brief, Georgetown University Center for International Business Education and Research, Washington, D.C.. January 1995.Google Scholar
  2. Czinkota. M.R. (Ed.) (1984), Export Corrtrols-Building Reasonable Commercial Ties with Political Adversaries, New York, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. Czinkota, M.R./Ronkainen, I. (1995), International Marketing, Fourth Edition, Fort Worth, Texas. 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Dichtl, E. (1994a), Defacto Limits of Export Controls. The Need for International Harmonization, Paper presented at the Second Annual Consortium for International Marketing Research (CIMaR) Conference, Rio de Janeiro, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. Dichtl, E. (1994b), Faktische Grenzen der Exportkontrolle. Die Notwendigkeit einer internationalen Harmonisierung der Ausfuhrüberwachung, in: BB — Betriebsberater, Volume 49, 1994, Number 25, pp. 1726–1730.Google Scholar
  6. Epping, V. (1991), Exportfreiheit und Exportkontrolle, in: DWiR — Deutsche Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht, Volume 1, 1991, Number 7, pp. 276–285.Google Scholar
  7. Freedenberg. P. (1994), Testimony before the Subcommittee on International Finance and Monetary Policy of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Manuscript, Washington D.C., February 3,1994.Google Scholar
  8. Hucko, E. M. (1993), Außenwirtschaftsrecht — Kriegswaffenkontrollrecht, Textsammlung mit Einführung, Fourth Edition, Cologne, 1993.Google Scholar
  9. Panel on the Future Design and Implementation of U.S. National Security Export Controls (1991), Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment, Washington, D.C., 1991.Google Scholar
  10. Richardson, D. J. (1993), Sizing up U.S. Export Disincentives. Washington. D.C., 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. Czinkota
    • 1
  • Erwin Dichtl
    • 2
  1. 1.School of BusinessGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Institute of MarketingUniversity of MannheimMannheim

Personalised recommendations