Advertisement

Journal of Population Research

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 119–142 | Cite as

The analysis of early life courses: Complex descriptions of the transition to adulthood

  • Francesco C. BillariEmail author
Article

Abstract

The quantitative analysis of life courses has to deal with a complex pattern of interrelated events and trajectories. Such a complex pattern needs complex measurement tools, even if only to describe the experience of cohorts. This paper addresses the methodological issue of describing the transition to adulthood from a life course perspective, following an event-based definition. New proposals are developed and traditional approaches are discussed, using Italy as an example. A generalization of survivor functions for the analysis of the temporal relationships between two events is introduced and applied. The paper then deals with the problem of describing the process of transition to adulthood as a whole, making use of the sequence analysis approach with special emphasis on the empirical analyses of the ‘standardization vs individualization’ hypotheses.

Keywords

Formal Education Survivor Function Simultaneous Event Parental Home Optimal Match 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbott, Andrew. 1995. Sequence analysis: new methods for old ideas.Annual Review of Sociology 21: 93–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baizán Muñoz, Pau. 1998. Transitions vers l'âge adulte des générations espagnoles nées en 1940, 1950 et 1960.Genus 54: 233–263.Google Scholar
  3. Billari, Francesco C. 2000.L'Analisi delle Biografie e la Transizione allo Stato Adulto. Aspetti Metodologici e Applicazioni alla Seconda Indagine sulla Fecondità in Italia. Padua: CLEUP.Google Scholar
  4. Billari, Francesco C. 2001. Sequence analysis in demographic research and applications.Canadian Studies in Population 28: 439–459.Google Scholar
  5. Billari, Francesco C. and Fausta Ongaro. 1998. The transition to adulthood in Italy: evidence from cross-sectional surveys.Espace, Populations, Sociétés 2: 165–179.Google Scholar
  6. Billari, Francesco C., Maria Castiglioni, Teresa Castro Martín, Francesca Michielin and Fausta Ongaro. n.d. Household and union formation in a Mediterranean fashion: Italy and Spain. In M. Corijn and E. Klijzing (eds),Comparative Research on Fertility and the Family in Contemporary Europe: Findings and Lessons. Geneva: United Nations, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  7. Buchmann, Marlis. 1989.The Script of Life in Modern Society. Entry into Adulthood in a Changing World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Corijn, Martine. 1996.Transition into Adulthood in Flanders. Results from the FFS. The Hague: NIDI/CBGS Publications.Google Scholar
  9. Courgeau, Daniel and Eva Lelièvre. 1988. Estimation of transition rates in dynamic household models. In N. Keilman, A. Kuijsten and A. Vossen (eds),Modelling Household Formation and Dissolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  10. Courgeau, Daniel and Eva Lelièvre. 1992.Event History Analysis in Demography. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  11. de Jong Gierveld, Jenny, Aart C. Liefbroer and Erik Beekink. 1991. The effect of parental resources on patterns of leaving home among young adults in the Netherlands.European Sociological Review 7: 55–71.Google Scholar
  12. De Sandre, Paolo, Fausta Ongaro, Rosella Rettaroli and Silvana Salvini. 1997.Matrimonio e Figli: Fra Rinvio e Rinuncia. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  13. Fuchs, W. 1983. Jugendliche Statuspassage oder individualisierte Jugendbiographie?Soziale Welt 34: 341–371.Google Scholar
  14. Giele, Janet Z. and Glen H. Elder (eds.). 1998.Methods of Life Course Research. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Hoem, Jan M. 1985. Weighting, misclassification, and other issues in the analysis of survey samples of life histories. In J.J. Heckman and B. Singer (eds),Longitudinal Analysis of Labour Market Data. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hogan, Dennis P. 1978. The variable order of events in the life course.American Sociological Review 43: 573–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kerckhoff, Alan C. 1990.Getting Started. Transition to Adulthood in Great Britain. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  18. Klijzing, F.K.H. 1995. Coming of age: transitions from adolescence to adulthood. Paper presented at European Population Conference, Milan.Google Scholar
  19. Liefbroet, Aart C. and Jenny de Jong Gierveld. 1995. Standardization and individualization: the transition from youth to adulthood among cohorts born between 1903 and 1965. Pp. 57–79 in H. van den Brekel and F. Deven (eds),Population and Family in the Low Countries 1994. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  20. Manting, Dorien. 1994.Dynamics in Marriage and Cohabitation: An Inter-temporal, Life Course Analysis of First Union Formation and Dissolution. Amsterdam: Thesis Publisher.Google Scholar
  21. Marini, Margaret M. 1984. The order of events in the transition to adulthood.Sociology of Education 57: 63–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Marini, Margaret M. 1985. Determinants of the timing of adult role entry.Social Science Research 14: 309–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Marini, Margaret M. 1987. Measuring the process of role change during the transition to adulthood.Social Science Researcy 16: 1–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Modell, John. 1989.Into One's Oum. From Youth to Adulthood in the United States 1920–1975. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  25. Modell, J., F.F. Furstenberg and T. Hershberg 1976. Social change and transitions to adulthood in historical perspective.Journal of Marriage and the Family 38:7–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mulder, Clara and Michael Wagner. 1993. Migration and marriage in the life course: a method for studying synchronized events.European Journal of Population 9 (1): 55–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mulder, Clara and Michael Wagner. 1998. First time home-ownership in the family life course: a West German-Dutch comparison.Urban Studies 35 (4): 687–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ravanera, Zenaida R., Fernando Rajulton and Thomas K. Burch. 1998. Early life transitions of Canadian women: a cohort analysis of timing, sequences, and variations.European Journal of Population 14: 179–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Reher, David. 1998. Family ties in Western Europe: persistent contrasts.Population and Development Review 24:203–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rindfuss, Ronald R. 1991. The young adult years: diversity, structural change and fertility.Demography 28 (4): 493–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rindfuss, R.R., R.A. Rosenfeld and C.G. Swicegood. 1987. Disorder in the life course: how common and does it matter?.American Sociological Review 52: 785–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rohwer, Görz and Ulrich Pötter. 2000.TDA User's Manual. Bochum: Ruhr-Universität Bochum.Google Scholar
  33. Theil, H. 1972.Statistical Decomposition Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  34. van de Kaa, Dirk. 1987. Europe's second demographic transition.Population Bulletin 41, 1.Google Scholar
  35. Wu, L.L. 2000. Some comments on ‘Sequence analysis and optimal matching methods in sociology: review and prospects’.Sociological Methods and Research 29: 41–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Demographic ResearchRostockGermany

Personalised recommendations