, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 76–85

Beyond the Blue Banana?

Structural change in Europe’s geo-economy
  • Gert-Jan Hospers
Articles Economic Geography

DOI: 10.1007/BF03031774

Cite this article as:
Hospers, GJ. Intereconomics (2003) 38: 76. doi:10.1007/BF03031774


For centuries, the “Blue Banana” — a banana-shaped metropolitan axis running from London to Milan — has been Europe’s breeding place for innovation and growth. Recently, however, the “Sunbelt” from Milan to Valencia and the “Yellow Banana” from Paris to Warsaw have been identified as future European growth poles beside or even beyond the Blue Banana. How likely it is that the structure of Europe’s economic-geographical system will change in the next decades?

Copyright information

© HWWA and Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert-Jan Hospers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics and Center for European Studies, School of Business, Public Administration and TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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